Order SILURIFORMES: Families SILURIDAE, KRYPTOGLANIDAE, AUSTROGLANIDIDAE, PANGASIIDAE, CHACIDAE and PLOTOSIDAE

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v. 9.0 – 21 Dec. 2016  view/download PDF

Family SILURIDAE Sheatfishes
13 genera · 100 species                             

Belodontichthys Bleeker 1857    belos, arrow and odontos, tooth, referring to “lancet- or arrow shaped jaw teeth” of B. dinema (translation)

Belodontichthys dinema (Bleeker 1851)    di-, two; nema, thread, referring to pair of very thin, short barbels, placed far posteriorly on the chin

Belodontichthys truncatus Kottelat & Ng 1999    truncated, referring to its shorter head compared to B. dinema

Ceratoglanis Myers 1938    ceratos, horn, referring to short, bony, hooked, maxillary barbels; glanis, sheatfish (Silurus glanis), now used as a general term for catfish

Ceratoglanis pachynema Ng 1999    pachys, thick; nema, thread, referring to thickened maxillary barbels of mature males

Ceratoglanis scleronema (Bleeker 1863)    sclero-, hard; nema, thread, referring to bony maxillary barbels

Hemisilurus Bleeker 1857    hemi-, partial, referring to the related genus Silurus, from which it differs by lacking a dorsal fin

Hemisilurus heterorhynchus (Bleeker 1854)    hetero-, different; rhynchus, snout, presumably referring to truncate snout, different than other species then placed in Wallago (original genus)

Hemisilurus mekongensis Bornbusch & Lundberg 1989    ensis, suffix denoting place: Mekong River basin (China, Thailand, Laos), where it is endemic

Hemisilurus moolenburghi Weber & de Beaufort 1913    in honor of ethnographer P. E. Moolenburgh, who gave a large collection of fishes from Sumatra to the authors, presumably including type of this one

Kryptopterus Bleeker 1857    kryptos, hidden; pterus, fin, referring to “rudimentary, filiform” (translation) dorsal fin

Kryptopterus baramensis Ng 2002    ensis, suffix denoting place: Baram River drainage, northern Borneo, type locality

Kryptopterus bicirrhis (Valenciennes 1840)    bi-, two; cirrhis, tendril, probably referring to pair of long forward-pointing whiskers on upper lip

Kryptopterus cryptopterus (Bleeker 1851)    cryptos, hidden; pterus, fin, referring to dorsal fin, described as a “short slender thread” (translation)

Kryptopterus dissitus Ng 2001    apart, referring to its widely separated vomerine tooth patches

Kryptopterus geminus Ng 2003    twin-born, referring to close morphological similarity to K. cryptopterus

Kryptopterus hesperius Ng 2002    western, referring to distribution in western Thailand

Kryptopterus lais (Bleeker 1851)    laïs, Sundanese name for various silurid and schilbeid catfishes, presumably including this one

Kryptopterus limpok (Bleeker 1852)    Malay word for this and other mid-sized silurid catfishes in Sumatra, Indonesia

Kryptopterus lumholtzi Rendahl 1922    in honor of Carl Lumholtz (1851-1922), Norwegian explorer and ethnographer, who collected type

Kryptopterus macrocephalus (Bleeker 1858)    macro-, large; cephalus, head, referring to its relatively large head, contained a little more than five times in SL and a little more than six times in TL

Kryptopterus minor Roberts 1989    little, referring to small size of adults (up to 68.5 mm)

Kryptopterus mononema (Bleeker 1846)    mono-, one; nema, thread, referring to short, filiform dorsal-fin ray (which Bleeker later realized comprised two rays, fused at the base)

Kryptopterus palembangensis (Bleeker 1852)    ensis, suffix denoting place: Palembang, Sumatra, Indonesia, type locality

Kryptopterus paraschilbeides Ng 2003     para-, near, referring to close similarity to K. schilbeides

Kryptopterus piperatus Ng, Wirjoatmodjo & Hadiaty 2004    peppered, referring to scattered black spots on flanks

Kryptopterus schilbeides (Bleeker 1858)    oides, having the form of: Schilbe (Schilbeidae), referring to similar concave profiles

Kryptopterus vitreolus Ng & Kottelat 2013    diminutive of vitreus, glass, referring to transparent appearance in life

Micronema Bleeker 1857    micro-, small; nema, threat, referring to very short and thin barbels

Micronema cheveyi (Durand 1940)    in honor of ichthyologist Pierre Chevey, Directeur de l’institut Océanographique de l’Indochine

Micronema hexapterus (Bleeker 1851)    hexa-, six; pterus, fin, presumably referring to absence of dorsal fin, giving fish six fins (two pectoral, two ventral, anal, caudal) instead of seven

Micronema platypogon (Ng 2004)    platys, flat; pogon, beard, referring to its flat, ribbon-like barbels

Ompok Lacepède 1803    according to Bleeker (1858), “apparently a corruption of the Malay word Limpok” (translation), used for various mid-sized silurid catfishes

Ompok argestes Sudasinghe & Meegaskumbura 2016    Greek for southwest, referring to distribution in southwestern Sri Lanka

Ompok bimaculatus (Bloch 1794)    bi-, two; maculatus, spotted, presumably referring to blackish blotch above pectoral fin and spot on caudal peduncle (although neither mark is mentioned in description and latter mark is not shown in illustration)

Ompok binotatus Ng 2002    bi-, two; notatus, marked, referring to dark spots on humeral region and end of caudal peduncle

Ompok borneensis (Steindachner 1901)    ensis, suffix denoting place: Borneo, where it is endemic

Ompok brevirictus Ng & Hadiaty 2009    brevis, short; rictis, open mouth, referring to relatively short mouth (causing mouth rictus to be separated from anterior orbital margin by a distance of more than 1/3 eye diameter)

Ompok canio (Hamilton 1822)    latinization of kani, from Kani pabda, Bengali name for this and related catfishes in India

Ompok eugeneiatus (Vaillant 1893)    eu-, well or very; geneiatus, long-bearded, referring to long mandibular barbels, which nearly extend to end of caudal fin

Ompok fumidus Tan & Ng 1996    Latin for smoky colored, referring to its uniform gray-to-black color

Ompok hypophthalmus (Bleeker 1846)    hypo-, below; ophthalmus, eyes, referring to placement of eyes on lower half of head

Ompok karunkodu Ng 2013    from the Tamil karun, a contraction of karuppu (black) and kodu (line), referring to dark midlateral stripe running along side of body

Ompok leiacanthus (Bleeker 1853)    leios, smooth; acanthus, thorn, referring to smooth and slender pectoral-fin spine

Ompok malabaricus (Valenciennes 1840)    icus, belonging to: Malabar (i.e., southern India), type locality

Ompok miostoma (Vaillant 1902)     mio-, less or small; stoma, mouth, referring to “médiocre” mouth, the commissure ending well before reaching anterior margin of eye

Ompok pabda (Hamilton 1822)    from Kani pahda, Bengali name for this and related catfishes in India

Ompok pabo (Hamilton 1822)    Assamese name for this catfish in India

Ompok pinnatus Ng 2003    feathered or plumed, referring to very long dorsal fin and barbels

Ompok platyrhynchus Ng & Tan 2004    platys, flat; rhynchus, nose, referring to “lack of a distinct nuchal concavity”

Ompok pluriradiatus Ng 2002    pluris, more; radiatus, rayed, referring to relatively numerous anal-fin rays

Ompok rhadinurus Ng 2003    rhadinos, tapering; ouros, tail, referring to slender caudal peduncle

Ompok sabanus Inger & Chin 1959    anus, belonging to: Sabah, local name for North Borneo, where it is endemic

Ompok siluroides Lacepède 1803    oides, having the form of: Silurus, a related genus from Europe, but in this case perhaps referring to catfishes in general

Ompok supernus Ng 2008    Latin for “that is above” or “in high,” referring to dorsally placed eyes

Ompok urbaini (Fang & Chaux 1949)    in honor of Achille Urbain (1884-1957), Director, Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle (Paris)

Ompok weberi (Hardenberg 1936)    in honor of the “well known” ichthyologist Max Weber (1852-1937)

Phalacronotus Bleeker 1857    phalacro-, baldheaded; notus, back, referring to absence of dorsal fin, i.e., barebacked

Phalacronotus apogon (Bleeker 1851)    a-, without; pogon, beard, referring to seeming lack of barbels in the poorly preserved specimens Bleeker initially examined; later, when Bleeker received better specimens, he discovered that the catfish indeed had extremely thin, hair-like barbels and changed the name to micropogon, but the original name must stand

Phalacronotus bleekeri (Günther 1864)    in honor of Dutch medical doctor and ichthyologist Pieter Bleeker (1819-1878), who described many silurid catfishes from southeast Asia and whose collection contained the type

Phalacronotus micronemus (Bleeker 1846)    micro-, small; nemus, thread, referring to its very thin barbels

Phalacronotus parvanalis (Inger & Chin 1959)    parvus, small; analis, anal, allusion not explained, perhaps referring to fewer anal-fin rays compared to P. apogon and P. micronema

Pinniwallago Gupta, Jayaram & Hajela 1981    pinnis, fin, similar to Wallago but distinguished from it by presence of a second rayed dorsal fin, much longer than first dorsal fin and widely separated from the tail

Pinniwallago kanpurensis Gupta, Jayaram & Hajela 1981    ensis, suffix denoting place: Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India, type locality

Pterocryptis Peters 1861    pterus, fin; cryptos, hidden, a transposition of the similar Kryptopterus, from which it is easily distinguished by the fusion of its anal and caudal fins

Pterocryptis anomala (Herre 1934)    anomalous, referring to absence of ventral fins on type specimen, a presumed adaptation to “living on the muddy bottoms of ponds and sluggish streams”

Pterocryptis barakensis Vishwanath & Nebeshwar Sharma 2006    –ensis, suffix denoting place: Barak River, Brahmaputra River basin, India, where it is endemic

Pterocryptis berdmorei (Blyth 1860)   in honor of the late Major Hugh Thomas Berdmore (d. 1859), Madras Artillery, Assistant to the Commissioner and in charge of the forests’ office, who collected or provided type

Pterocryptis bokorensis (Pellegrin & Chevey 1937)    ensis, suffix denoting place: Bokor, Cambodia, elevation 800-1000 meters, type locality

Pterocryptis buccata Ng & Kottelat 1998   cheeked, referring to prominent mandibular muscles, causing cheeks to appear inflated

Pterocryptis cochinchinensis (Valenciennes 1840)    ensis, suffix denoting place: Cochinchine (now southern Viêt Nam), type locality (also occurs in China and Laos)

Pterocryptis crenula Ng & Freyhof 2001    Latin for small notch, referring to relatively shallow notch between confluent anal and caudal fins

Pterocryptis cucphuongensis (Mai 1978)    ensis, suffix denoting place: a cave in Cuc Phuong National Park, northern Viêt Nam, type locality

Pterocryptis furnessi (Fowler 1905)    in honor of ethnologist William H. Furness III (1867-1920), University of Pennsylvania, who collected type

Pterocryptis gangelica Peters 1861    ica, belonging to: Ganges River, India, type locality (also occurs in Bangladesh) [misspelled gangetica by some authors, assuming that original spelling was in error]

Pterocryptis inusitata Ng 1999    strange, referring to “unusual” (elliptical vs. circular) shape of eye

Pterocryptis taytayensis (Herre 1924)    ensis, suffix denoting place: a small freshwater creek near Taytay, Palawan, Philippines, type locality

Pterocryptis verecunda Ng & Freyhof 2001    shy, referring to genital papilla, which is partly concealed by the anus

Pterocryptis wynaadensis (Day 1873)    ensis, suffix denoting place: Wynaad, India, type locality

Silurichthys Bleeker 1856    Silurus, referring to Bleeker’s original placement of S. phaiosoma in that genus; ichthys, fish

Silurichthys citatus Ng & Kottelat 1997    swift, referring to its occurrence in fast-flowing streams

Silurichthys gibbiceps Ng & Ng 1998    gibbus, hump; ceps, head, referring to distinctively humped head

Silurichthys hasseltii Bleeker 1858    in honor of Dutch physician and biologist Johan Coenraad van Hasselt (1797-1823), who explored the colonial Dutch East Indies with his friend Heinrich Kuhl in 1820; Blekeer described this catfish based on their illustration

Silurichthys indragiriensis Volz 1904    ensis, suffix denoting place: Indragari, Sumatra, Indonesia, type locality

Silurichthys ligneolus Ng & Tan 2011    diminutive of ligneus, wood, referring to slender, uniformly brown body, resembling a small piece of wood

Silurichthys marmoratus Ng & Ng 1998    marbled, referring to its coloration

Silurichthys phaiosoma (Bleeker 1851)    phaios, dusky brown; soma, body, referring to body coloration

Silurichthys sanguineus Roberts 1989    blood-red, referring to coloration in life

Silurichthys schneideri Volz 1904    in honor of anthropologist Gustav Schneider (1840-1917), Universität Basel, Zoologisches Institut, who collected type

Silurus Linnaeus 1758     from the Greek silouros, catfish; according to Cuvier (1839), name may have first belonged to a species from Egypt or Syria, but was later applied to S. glanis of Europe and used as another word for glanis (another ancient name for catfish) in Pliny’s translation of Aristotle

Silurus aristotelis Garman 1890    is, genitive singular of: Aristotle (384-322 BCE), Greek philosopher and scientist who wrote about the parental behavior of a Greek catfish, now identified as this species (name coined by Agassiz in 1856 but without a description)

Silurus asotus Linnaeus 1758    meaning unknown; Jordan & Fowler (1903) say it means “a sot” (i.e., a drunkard), while Latin dictionaries give varying definitions (e.g., lost, profligate, debauched)

Silurus biwaensis (Tomoda 1961)    ensis, suffix denoting place: Lake Biwa, Japan, where it is endemic

Silurus burmanensis Khin Thant 1967    ensis, suffix denoting place: Burma (Myanmar), where it is endemic to Inlé Lake

Silurus caobangensis Nguyễn, Vũ & Nguyễn 2015    –ensis, suffix denoting place: Cao Bang province, Viêt Nam, type locality

Silurus dakrongensis Nguyễn, Vũ & Nguyễn 2015    –ensis, suffix denoting place: Dakrong River, Quang Tri province, Viêt Nam, type locality

Silurus duanensis Hu, Lan & Zhang 2004    ensis, suffix denoting place: Du’an County, Guangxi, China, where it is endemic

Silurus glanis Linnaeus 1758    ancient name for a silurid catfish (probably S. aristotelis) dating back to at least Aristotle

Silurus grahami Regan 1907    in honor of missionary John Graham, who collected many fishes in Yunnan, China, including type of this one

Silurus langsonensis Nguyễn, Vũ & Nguyễn 2015    –ensis, suffix denoting place: Lang Son province, Viêt Nam, type locality

Silurus lanzhouensis Chen 1977    ensis, suffix denoting place: Lanzhou (also spelled Lanchow), Gansu Province, China, city on Yellow River, type locality

Silurus lithophilus (Tomoda 1961)    lithos, stone; philos, fond of, referring to occurrence on rocky reefs of Lake Biwa, Japan (compared to the offshore S. biwaensis)

Silurus mento Regan 1904    mentum, chin, presumably referring to “projecting” lower jaw

Silurus meridionalis Chen 1977    southern, referring to distribution in southern China

Silurus microdorsalis (Mori 1936)    micro-, small; dorsalis, dorsal, referring to “very small” dorsal fin, “a little longer than eye diameter”

Silurus soldatovi Nikolskii & Soin 1948    in memory of Vladimir Konstantinovich Soldatov (1875-1941), preeminent authority on Amurian fishes

Silurus triostegus Heckel 1843    trio-, three; stegus, cover, allusion not explained nor evident; the only “three” mentioned by Heckel refers to its three dorsal-fin rays, which distinguished it from S. glanis

Wallago Bleeker 1851    presumably local name for W. attu in India (spelled wallagoo by Valenciennes in 1840)

Wallago attu (Bloch & Schneider 1801)    from Attu-vahlay, Malayan name for this catfish in southern India

Wallagonia Myers 1938    ia, belonging to: Wallago; replacement name for Wallago Bleeker 1851, which Myers believed was a senior synonym of Belodontichthys (Myers missed an earlier publication of Wallago, which he realized and corrected in 1948)

Wallagonia leerii (Bleeker 1851)     in honor of Bleeker’s Dutch medical colleague Lieut.-Col. J. M. van Leer, who collected and/or provided type

Wallagonia maculatus (Inger & Chin 1959)    spotted, referring to row of black blotches below lateral line

Wallagonia micropogon (Ng 2004)     micro-, small; pogon, beard, referring to short maxillary barbels


Family KRYPTOGLANIDAE Indian Cave Catfish

Kryptoglanis Vincent & Thomas 2011   crypta, vault or tunnel, referring to its “cryptic” habitat, a well fed by subterranean springs; glanis, sheatfish (Silurus glanis), now used as a general term for catfish

Kryptoglanis shajii Vincent & Thomas 2011in honor of “distinguished” fish taxonomist C. P. Shaji, “who significantly contributed to the documentation of freshwater fish diversity of the Kerala region of Western Ghats by the Kerala Forest Research Institute (KFRI Peechi)”     


Family AUSTROGLANIDIDAE Rock Catfishes

Austroglanis Skelton, Risch & de Vos 1984    auster, south wind, being the most southerly distributed catfishes in Africa; glanis, sheatfish (Silurus glanis), now used as a general term for catfish

Austroglanis barnardi (Skelton 1981)    continuing the tradition of naming species in this genus after directors of the South African Museum, in honor of Keppel Harcourt Barnard (1887-1964), who described A. gilli in 1943

Austroglanis gilli (Barnard 1943)    in honor of Edwin Leonard Gill (1877-1956), Director, South African Museum (noting that it is “appropriate” that A. sclateri was named after Gill’s predecessor)

Austroglanis sclateri (Boulenger 1901)    in honor of William Lutley Sclater (1863-1944), Director, South African Museum, who supplied type


Family PANGASIIDAE Shark Catfishes
5 genera/subgenera · 28 species                                 

Helicophagus Bleeker 1857    helix, snail; phago, eating or devouring, referring to its molluscivorous diet

Helicophagus leptorhynchus Ng & Kottelat 2000    leptos, slender; rhynchus, snout, referring to relatively slender snout compared to congeners

Helicophagus typus Bleeker 1857    serving as type of genus

Helicophagus waandersii Bleeker 1858    in honor of J. F. van Bloemen Waanders, major of the artillery in the Dutch East Indian army, who collected type

Pangasianodon Chevey 1931    ano-, without; don, teeth, i.e., a toothless Pangasius

Pangasianodon gigas Chevey 193    1large, described at up to 2.5 m (known to reach 3.2 m and 300 kg, one of the largest freswater fishes in the world)

Pangasianodon hypophthalmus (Sauvage 1878)    hypo-, below; ophthalmus, eyes, referring to low placement of eyes on head

Pangasius Valenciennes 1840    tautonymous with Pimelodus pangasius (but unnecessarily renamed P. buchanani); latinization of pangas, Assamese name for P. pangasius in India

Subgenus Pangasius                    

Pangasius bocourti Sauvage 1880    in honor of zoologist and artist Marie Firmin Bocourt (1819-1904), who described P. larnaudii in 1866

Pangasius conchophilus Roberts & Vidthayanon 1991    concho, shell; philus, loving, refers to its “pronounced molluscivory”

Pangasius djambal Bleeker 1846    Malayan and Sundanese name for this catfish

Pangasius elongatus Pouyaud, Gustiano & Teugels 2002    referring to its elongate body, the most elongate species in the subgenus

Pangasius krempfi Fang & Chaux 1949    in honor of marine biologist Armand Krempf (1879-?), Nha Trang Institute of Oceanography (Viêt Nam), who collected type

Pangasius kunyit Pouyaud, Teugels & Legendre 1999    local name for this species among fishermen in Sumatra and Kalimantan, from the Javanese word for saffron, referring to its goldish color

Pangasius larnaudii Bocourt 1866    in honor of Father R. P. Larnaudie, missionary priest, for his care and hospitality during Bocourt’s seven months in Thailand

Pangasius macronema Bleeker 1850    macro-, long; nema, thread, referring to long barbels, longer than head

Pangasius mahakamensis Pouyaud, Gustiano & Teugels 2002    ensis, suffix denoting place: Mahakam River basin, East Kalimantan, Indonesia, type locality

Pangasius mekongensis Gustiano, Teugels & Pouyaud 2003    ensis, suffix denoting place: Mekong River basin, Viêt Nam, type locality

Pangasius myanmar Roberts & Vidthayanon 1991    named for Myanmar (formerly Burma), where it is endemic

Pangasius nasutus (Bleeker 1863)    large-nosed, referring to “sharp and angular snout” (translation)

Pangasius pangasius (Hamilton 1822)    latinization of pangas, Assamese name for this catfish in India

Pangasius polyuranodon Bleeker 1852    poly, many; urano-, relating to roof of mouth; odon, tooth, referring to large, square group of vomerine teeth

Pangasius rheophilus Pouyaud & Teugels 2000    rheos, stream; philos, loving, referring to its adaptation to torrential waters

Pangasius sabahensis Gustiano, Teugels & Pouyaud 2003    ensis, suffix denoting place: Sabah State, Malaysia, type locality

Pangasius sanitwongsei Smith 1931    in honor of the late Dr. Yai S. Sanitwongse, for “his keen personal interest” in the fishes of Thailand; he brought this species to Smith’s attention and pointed out its distinctive characters

Subgenus Neopangasius Popta 1904    neo-, new, proposed as a new genus of Pangasius

Pangasius humeralis Roberts 1989    pertaining to shoulder, referring to exceptionally large humeral (postcleithral) process

Pangasius kinabatanganensis Roberts & Vidthayanon 1991    ensis, Kinabatangan River basin, northeastern Borneo, Malaysia, where it is endemic

Pangasius lithostoma Roberts 1989    lithos, stone; stoma, mouth, referring to vomerine toothplate that “projects strongly downwards from the roof of the mouth like a millstone”

Pangasius nieuwenhuisii (Popta 1904)    in honor of Dutch explorer Anton Willem Nieuwenhuis (1864-1953), who collected type

Pseudolais Vaillant 1902    pseudo-, false, referring to similarity with the schilbeid genus Lais (now Laides)

Pseudolais micronemus (Bleeker 1846)    micro-, small; nema, thread, referring to short mandibular barbels, not or barely reaching eye

Pseudolais pleurotaenia (Sauvage 1878)    pleuro-, side; taenia, band, referring to narrow black band on flanks


Family CHACIDAE Frogmouth Catfishes

Chaca Gray 1831    tautonymous with Platystacus chaca Hamilton 1822, local Assamese name for this catfish in India (which Gray unnecessarily renamed C. hamiltoni)

Chaca bankanensis Bleeker 1852    ensis, suffix denoting place: Bangka, Indonesia, type locality

Chaca burmensis Brown & Ferraris 1988    ensis, suffix denoting place: Burma (now Myanmar), where it is endemic

Chaca chaca (Hamilton 1822)    local Assamese name for this catfish in India

Chaca serica Ng & Kottelat 2012    silken, referring to smooth oral margin of lower lip compared to C. bankanensis, the congener it superficially resembles the most


Family PLOTOSIDAE Eeltail Catfishes
10 genera · 41 species

Anodontiglanis Rendahl 1922    ano-, without and odontos, tooth, referring to lack of teeth on jaws and vomer (but pharyngeal teeth well developed); glanis, sheatfish (Silurus glanis), now used as a general term for catfish

Anodontiglanis dahli Rendahl 1922    in honor of Norwegian zoologist and explorer Knut Dahl (1871-1951), who collected type

Cnidoglanis Günther 1864    cnido-, nettle, allusion not explained, probably referring to venomous dorsal- and pectoral-fin spines, which inflict very painful wounds analogous to those of a sea nettle; glanis, sheatfish (Silurus glanis), now used as a general term for catfish

Cnidoglanis macrocephalus (Valenciennes 1840)    macro-, large; cephalus, head, “distinguished easily by its big head” (translation), comprising ¼ of its total length

Euristhmus Ogilby 1899    eurys, wide, referring to gill membranes separated by a wide isthmus

Euristhmus lepturus (Günther 1864)    leptos, thin; oura, tail, described as “long, much produced and pointed behind”

Euristhmus microceps (Richardson 1845)    micro-, small; ceps, head, “remarkable for the smallness of its head, which does not exceed the eighth part of the entire length of the fish”

Euristhmus microphthalmus Murdy & Ferraris 2006    micro-, small; ophthalmus, eye, referring to small eye compared to congeners

Euristhmus nudiceps (Günther 1880)    nudus, bare or naked; ceps, head, referring to osseous occipital region, “not covered with loose skin” unlike E. lepturus and E. microcephalus

Euristhmus sandrae Murdy & Ferraris 2006    in honor of Sandra J. Raredon, Museum Specialist, Smithsonian Institution, Division of Fishes, who contributed greatly to the revision of this genus and other studies undertaken by the authors

Neosiluroides Allen & Feinberg 1998    oides, having the form of: referring to superficial resemblance to Neosilurus

Neosiluroides cooperensis Allen & Feinberg 1998    ensis, suffix denoting place: Cooper Creek and its tributaries, South Australia, where it is endemic

Neosilurus Steindachner 1867    neo-, new; silurus, catfish, e.g., a new catfish

Neosilurus ater (Perugia 1894)    black, referring to uniform black color of body and fins (throat whitish)

Neosilurus brevidorsalis (Günther 1867)    brevis, short; dorsalis, dorsal, presumably referring to small, short anterior dorsal fin (a character not mentioned by Günther; instead, he described anterior half of second dorsal fin (confluent with caudal fin) as “replaced by a pad of fat, from which the rays gradually emerge behind”

Neosilurus coatesi (Allen 1985)    in honor of biologist David Coates, Fisheries Research Laboratory of the Papua New Guinea Department of Primary Industry, who helped collect type series

Neosilurus equinus (Weber 1913)    horse-like, allusion not explained, perhaps referring to its elongate, horse-like face (Gerald R. Allen, pers. comm.)

Neosilurus gjellerupi (Weber 1913)    in honor of Danish health officer Knud Gjellerup (1876-1950), who collected type

Neosilurus gloveri Allen & Feinberg 1998    in honor of the late John Glover, former Curator of Fishes, South Australian Museum, who collected many of the type specimens and made valuable contributions to our knowledge of fishes from the central Australian desert

Neosilurus hyrtlii Steindachner 1867    patronym not identified, possibly in honor of Steindachner’s Austrian colleage, anatomist Josef Hyrtl (1810-1894)

Neosilurus idenburgi (Nichols 1940)    of the Idenburg River, Irian Jaya, Indonesia, type locality

Neosilurus mollespiculum Allen & Feinberg 1998    mollis, soft; spiculum, pointed or spiked, referring to weak, flexible dorsal- and pectoral-fin spines, usually without serrations

Neosilurus novaeguineae (Weber 1907)    of New Guinea, specifically Irian Jaya of Western New Guinea (now West Papua, Indonesia), type locality

Neosilurus pseudospinosus Allen & Feinberg 1998    pseudo-, false; spinosum, spined, referring to weak and flexible dorsal- and pectoral-fin spines, lacking serrations

Oloplotosus Weber 1913    olo-, Attic Greek for lost, i.e., Plotosus with lost (or absent) maxillary teeth

Oloplotosus luteus Gomon & Roberts 1978    yellow, presumably referring to bright orange barbels and ventral surface of head, and pale orange ventral surface of abdomen

Oloplotosus mariae Weber 1913    in honor of the Baroness Maria van Nagell, wife of Dutch explorer Hendrikus Albertus Lorentz (1871-1944), who collected type

Oloplotosus torobo Allen 1985    local Papua New Guinea name for this catfish

Paraplotosus Bleeker 1863    para-, near, referring to previous placement of P. albilabris in Plotosus

Paraplotosus albilabris (Valenciennes 1840)    albus, white; labris, lip, referring to all-black color in alcohol, except for lips, which are white (or yellow or tan)

Paraplotosus butleri Allen 1998    in honor of naturalist and environmental consultant W. “Harry” Butler (b. 1930), who helped collect many of the paratypes; he also offered generous support to the Western Australian Museum for field work via his Butler Fund

Paraplotosus muelleri (Klunzinger 1879)    in honor of German-Australian physician, geographer and botanist Ferdinand von Müller (1825-1896), who collected and/or provided type

Plotosus Lacepède 1803    from the Greek plotos, swimming, presumably referring to long tail of P. lineatus, confluent with second dorsal and anal fins, which makes it a strong anguilliform swimmer

Plotosus abbreviatus Boulenger 1895    shortened, allusion not explained, perhaps referring to body depth eight times in total length

Plotosus canius Hamilton 1822    latinization of Kani, from Kani magur, local Bengali name for this catfish in India

Plotosus fisadoha Ng & Sparks 2002    Malagasy contraction of fisaka, flat, and loha, head, referring to flattened head especially when compared with the sympatric P. lineatus

Plotosus japonicus Yoshino & Kishimoto 2008    Japanese, referring to distribution in southern Japan, from Honshu Island to the Ryukyu Islands

Plotosus limbatus Valenciennes 1840    edged or bordered, referring to fins edged in black

Plotosus lineatus (Thunberg 1787)    lined, referring to striped color pattern (distinct in juveniles, less so in adults)

Plotosus nhatrangensis Prokofiev 2008    ensis, suffix denoting place: fish market at Nha Trang Bay, Viêt Nam, type locality

Plotosus nkunga Gomon & Taylor 1982    local Zulu name for this species

Plotosus papuensis Weber 1910    ensis, suffix denoting place: Papua, i.e., West Papua or Western New Guinea, where Lorentz River (type locality) is situated

Porochilus Weber 1913    poro, hole or passage; cheilos, lip, referring to interior of upper lip border perforated by the anterior nostrils

Porochilus argenteus (Zietz 1896)    silvery, referring to pale, silvery white color

Porochilus meraukensis (Weber 1913)    ensis, suffix denoting place: Merauke, Papua, Indonesia, type locality

Porochilus obbesi Weber 1913    in honor of Dutch artist Joan François Obbes (1869-1963), who illustrated the figures in Weber’s monograph

Porochilus rendahli (Whitley 1928)    in honor of Hialmar Rendahl (1891-1969), zoologist and artist, who described this catfish in 1922 as Copidoglanis obscurus, preoccupied by C. obscurus Günther 1864 (=Plotosus limbatus)

Tandanus Mitchell 1838    tautonymous with T. tandanus, latinization of Tandan, aboriginal name for this catfish in New South Wales, Australia

Tandanus bostocki Whitley 1944    in honor of Rev. George James Bostock (1833-1881), Anglican Church minister, who collected fishes for Castelnau in western Australia, including type of this one [replacement name for Plotosus unicolor Castelnau 1873, preoccupied by P. unicolor Valenciennes 1840 (=P. canius)]

Tandanus tandanus (Mitchell 1838)    latinization of Tandan, aboriginal name for this catfish in New South Wales, Australia

Tandanus tropicus Welsh, Jerry & Burrows 2014    tropical, referring to the wet, tropical region of northeast Queensland, Australia, where it occurs