Order SILURIFORMES: Families CALLICHTHYIDAE, SCOLOPLACIDAE and ASTROBLEPIDAE

COMMENTS
v. 10.0 – 26 April 2017  view/download PDF

Family CALLICHTHYIDAE Armored Catfishes
8 genera • 217 species

Subfamily CALLICHTHYINAE

Callichthys Scopoli 1777    tautonymous with Silurus callichthys (callum, hard skin, referring to two rows of bony plates, or scutes, running down length of body; ichthys, fish)

Callichthys callichthys (Linnaeus 1758)    callum, hard skin, referring to two rows of bony plates, or scutes, running down length of body; ichthys, fish

Callichthys fabricioi Román-Valencia, Lehmann A. & Muñoz 1999     in honor of naturalist Fabricio Lehmann G., Popayán (Colombia), who enthusiastically supported the authors’ expedition to the region

Callichthys oibaensis Ardila Rodríguez 2006    ensis, suffix denoting place: the “beautiful town” of Oibita, Departamento de Santander, Colombia, for the “hospitality and warmth of its people” (translation)

Callichthys serralabium Lehmann A. & Reis 2004    serra, saw; labium, lip, referring to serrated free margin of lower lip

Dianema Cope 1871    di[a]-, two; nema, thread, referring to pair of long maxillary barbels [dates to 1871 meeting abstract with brief description and no species mentioned; full description with species published in 1872]

Dianema longibarbis Cope 1872    longus, long; barbis, barbel, referring to pair of long maxillary barbels

Dianema urostriatum (Miranda Ribeiro 1912)    uro-, tail; striatum, striped, referring to alternating black and white horizontal stripes on tail [spelled urotriatum in heading of account, but corrected in attached printed errata]

Hoplosternum Gill 1858    hoplon, shield; sternum, breast, referring to prominent coracoid bones on breast

Hoplosternum littorale (Hancock 1828)    pertaining to the shore, presumably referring to its nest-making behavior, described by Hancock, on beds of submerged grass, presumably along the shoreline

Hoplosternum magdalenae Eigenmann 1913    of the Río Magdalena basin, Colombia, type locality (also occurs in Venezuela)

Hoplosternum punctatum Meek & Hildebrand 1916    dotted, referring to small, roundish black spots on entire body (except upper surface of head and dorsal region) and on dorsal- and caudal-fin rays

Lepthoplosternum Reis 1997    leptos, small and delicate, presumably referring to smaller size compared to Hoplosternum (known in the aquarium trade as “dwarf hoplos”)

Lepthoplosternum altamazonicum Reis 1997    altus, high; –ica, belonging to: referring to the upper Amazon River of Peru, where it is endemic

Lepthoplosternum beni Reis 1997    named for the region of Beni, Bolivia, where it is endemic

Lepthoplosternum pectorale (Boulenger 1895)    referring to larger pectoral plates compared to Megalechis thoracata, its presumed congener at the time

Lepthoplosternum stellatum Reis & Kaefer 2005    starred, referring to small dark-brown, roundish dots covering entire body

Lepthoplosternum tordilho Reis 1997    regional Brazilian name for horse color pattern consisting of a light brownish or grayish background with many small darker spots, which applies to this catfish

Lepthoplosternum ucamara Reis & Kaefer 2005    named for Project Ucamara, funded by the U.S. National Sciences Foundation, conducted in Peru (1999-2004), and for the geological term “Ucamara depression,” describing the low-lying reaches of the Ucayali and Marañon rivers caused by subsidence in the Upper Amazon foreland basin, where this catfish occurs

Megalechis Reis 1997    mega-, large; lekis, plate, referring to extreme development of coracoids on breast of fully developed males

Megalechis picta (Müller & Troschel 1849)    painted or colored, described as having black flecks on chest and abdomen and a few dark spots on sides

Megalechis thoracata (Valenciennes 1840)    armored (as in breastplate), referring to extreme development of coracoids on breast (of fully developed males only, a distinction that Valenciennes was probably not aware of)

Subfamily CORYDORADINAE Cory Cats

Aspidoras Ihering 1907    aspis, shield; doras, probably abridgement of Corydoras, referring to two pairs of nuchal plates between the occipital and base of dorsal fin, compared to just one nuchal plate in the “apparently closely related” Corydoras

Aspidoras albater Nijssen & Isbrücker 1976    albus, white; ater, black, referring to solid black or dark-brown blotches on pale tan body

Aspidoras belenos Britto 1998    from the Celtic mythological deity Belenos, whose name means “the one who is shining,” referring to iridescent color in life

Aspidoras brunneus Nijssen & Isbrücker 1976    dusky, dark or tawny, referring to dark brown color pattern

Aspidoras carvalhoi Nijssen & Isbrücker 1976    in honor of Antenor Leitão de Carvalho (1910-1985), Chefe do Departamento de Vertebrados of the Museu Nacional, Rio de Janeiro, who lent the authors many Aspidoras specimens from his museum

Aspidoras depinnai Britto 2000    in honor of Mário C. C. de Pinna, Universidade de São Paulo, who discovered this species, for numerous contributions to ichthyology, primarily in the study of catfishes

Aspidoras eurycephalus Nijssen & Isbrücker 1976    eurys, broad; cephalus, head, referring to its wide interorbital

Aspidoras fuscoguttatus Nijssen & Isbrücker 1976    fuscus, dusky, dark or swarthy; guttatus, dappled, speckled or spotted, referring to dark brown markings of various sizes on body

Aspidoras gabrieli Wosiacki, Graças Pereira & Reis 2014    in honor of the first author’s son Gabriel, “as an encouragement of his growing interest in zoology”

Aspidoras kiriri Oliveira, Zanata, Tencatt & Britto 2017    named after the Kiriri Indians, who originally inhabited a broad area in eastern Brazil but nowadays are mainly restricted to the municipality of Banzaê, in northern Bahia, where this catfish occurs

Aspidoras lakoi Miranda Ribeiro 1949    in honor of Carlos Lako, apparently a preparator or keeper at Museu Nacional (National Museum of Brazil), who collected type

Aspidoras maculosus Nijssen & Isbrücker 1976    spotted, referring to eye-sized spots along middle of body

Aspidoras marianae Leão, Britto & Wosiacki 2015    in honor of Mariana P. Wosiacki, daughter of the third author

Aspidoras menezesi Nijssen & Isbrücker 1976    in honor of Brazilian ichthyologist Rui Simões de Menezes, who collected type

Aspidoras mephisto Tencatt & Bichuette 2017    shortened name of Mephistopheles, demon from German folklore (me-, a negation; phos, light; philis, loving, i.e., not light-loving), referring to its subterranean behavior (the first troglobitic species known from the family)

Aspidoras microgalaeus Britto 1998    micro-, small; galaeus, helmet, referring to small supraoccipital

Aspidoras pauciradiatus (Weitzman & Nijssen 1970)    paucus, few; radiatus, rayed, referring to six soft dorsal-fin rays compared to seven in congeners

Aspidoras poecilus Nijssen & Isbrücker 1976    varicolored or mottled, referring to its color pattern

Aspidoras psammatides Britto, Lima & Santos 2005    named after Psamathos Psamathides, the sand sorcerer, a character in J.R.R. Tolkien’s Roverandom (written in 1925, published in 1998), from psammos, sand, and ides, son of, referring to its sand-dwelling behavior

Aspidoras raimundi (Steindachner 1907)    patronym not identified, perhaps, as suggested by Nijssen & Isbrücker (1976), a Brazilian associate of Steindachner; another possibility: Raimund Banowsky (d. 1885), a contemporary of Steindachner at the Zoological and Botanical Society of Vienna

Aspidoras rochai Ihering 1907    in honor of Portuguese biologist Francisco Dias da Rocha (1869-1960), who “offered” type

Aspidoras spilotus Nijssen & Isbrücker 1976    spotted or stained, referring to dark brown markings on sides and dorsal fin

Aspidoras taurus Lima & Britto 2001    Latin for bull, referring to its robust appearance

Aspidoras velites Britto, Lima & Moreira 2002    plural of veles, light-armed troops of the Roman army, who usually began a battle hurling javelins and then retreated among the ranks of the heavy infantry as the struggle advanced, alluding to its “relatively delicate complexion”

Aspidoras virgulatus Nijssen & Isbrücker 1980    striped, referring to distinctive three-lined color pattern

Corydoras Lacepède 1803    corys, helmet, referring to large plates covering head; doras, cuirass, a piece of armor covering body from neck to waist (e.g., breastplate), referring to bony plates on sides

Corydoras acrensis Nijssen 1972    ensis, suffix denoting place: Acre State, Brazil, type locality

Corydoras acutus Cope 1872    pointed, referring to its pointed or sharp snout

Corydoras adolfoi Burgess 1982    in honor of aquarium-fish collector and exporter Adolfo Schwartz, Turkys Aquarium (Manaus, Brazil), who has been “a great help to TFH Publications in securing rare, interesting and unknown fishes”

Corydoras aeneus (Gill 1858)    bronze, the head and dorso-lateral plates a “deep bronze” color

Corydoras agassizii Steindachner 1876    in honor of zoologist-geologist Louis Agassiz (1807-1873), at the time the leading authority on Brazilian fishes, who led the Thayer Expedition (1865-1866) to Brazil, which provided Steindachner with many specimens to study

Corydoras albolineatus Knaack 2004    albus, white; lineatus, lined, referring to bright-white lateral stripe

Corydoras amandajanea Sands 1995    in honor of Sands’ wife Amanda Jane, for “unending help and assistance” during his research

Corydoras amapaensis Nijssen 1972    ensis, suffix denoting place: Amapá State, Brazil, type locality (also occurs in French Guiana)

Corydoras ambiacus Cope 1872    acus, belonging to: Río Ambyiacu, Peru, type locality (also occurs in Brazil and Colombia)

Corydoras amphibelus Cope 1872    etymology not explained, perhaps amphi-, around or on both sides; belos, dart or arrow, possibly referring to “very long” dorsal- and anal-fin spines

Corydoras apiaka Espíndola, Spencer, Rocha & Britto 2014    named for the indigenous tribe Apiaká (means “people” in Tupí language), which originally occupied the middle and lower rio Arinos (Mato Grosso State, Brazil), where this catfish occurs; this tribe is known for facial tattoos, bravery in battles, and anthropophagic rites after fights

Corydoras approuaguensis Nijssen & Isbrücker 1983    ensis, suffix denoting place: Approuague River, French Guiana, type locality

Corydoras araguaiaensis Sands 1990    ensis, suffix denoting place: Rio Araguaia, Brazil, type locality

Corydoras arcuatus Elwin 1938    bowed, referring to distinctive dark band extending in an arc through eye to lower edge of caudal fin

Corydoras areio Knaack 2000    named for the Córrego Areio system of streams, Mato Grosso, Brazil, type locality

Corydoras armatus (Günther 1868)    armed, referring to finely serrated dorsal-fin spine, as high as the body, and stronger (but shorter) pectoral-fin spine

Corydoras atropersonatus Weitzman & Nijssen 1970    ater, black; personatus, masked, referring to black mask, or band, over eye

Corydoras aurofrenatus Eigenmann & Kennedy 1903    aureus, golden; frenatus, forehead, presumably referring to broad yellow band across snout

Corydoras axelrodi Rössel 1962    in honor of pet-book publisher Herbert R. Axelrod (b. 1927), who helped collect type series and sent it to the Senckenberg Museum (Frankfurt, Germany)

Corydoras baderi Geisler 1969    in honor of Herbert Bader (Hannover, Germany), “superb aquarist and travel companion” (translation)

Corydoras bicolor Nijssen & Isbrücker 1967    bi-, two, referring to body and head consisting of two main colors (presumably yellowish brown general color and dark brown patch situated beneath dorsal fin and dark mask around eyes)

Corydoras bifasciatus Nijssen 1972    bi-, two; fasciatus, banded, referring to two longitudinal stripes on sides

Corydoras bilineatus Knaack 2002    bi-, two; lineatus, lined, referring to two whitish stripes appearing between areas of black pigment on males and breeding females

Corydoras blochi Nijssen 1971    in honor of German medical doctor and naturalist Marcus Elieser Bloch (1723-1799), who described type species of genus, C. punctatus, in 1794

Corydoras boehlkei Nijssen & Isbrücker 1982    in memory of James E. Böhlke (1930-1982), Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, colleague and friend, who helped collect type in 1977 and recognized it as a new species (but died before he had a chance to describe it)

Corydoras boesemani Nijssen & Isbrücker 1967    in honor of ichthyologist Marinus Boeseman (1916-2006), who collected type

Corydoras bondi Gosline 1940    in honor of F. F. Bond, University of Rochester (Rochester, New York, USA), who collected type while researching mosquito-control fishes in Venezuela

Corydoras breei Isbrücker & Nijssen 1992    in honor of mammalogist Peter Jan Hendrik van Bree (1927-2011), University of Amsterdam, on the occasion of his retirement

Corydoras brevirostris Fraser-Brunner 1947    brevis, short; rostris, snout; described as a subspecies of C. melanistius, which has a longer snout

Corydoras britskii (Nijssen & Isbrücker 1983)    in honor of Heraldo A. Britski (Universidade de São Paulo), who brought the species to the authors’ attention and permitted them to describe it

Corydoras brittoi Tencatt & Ohara 2016    in honor of Marcelo Ribeiro de Britto, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, “dear friend and mentor,” for his extensive contributions to the taxonomy and systematics of the Corydoradinae

Corydoras burgessi Axelrod 1987    in honor of ichthyologist Warren E. Burgess, for contributions to the study of catfishes, particularly Corydoras

Corydoras carlae Nijssen & Isbrücker 1983    in honor of Carla Lindenaar-Sparrius, in charge of administrative duties for 11 years at the Zoölogisch Museum (Amsterdam) Department of Ichthyology (where the authors were curators of fishes)

Corydoras caudimaculatus Rössel 1961    cauda, tail; maculatus, spotted, referring to dark blotch on caudal peduncle

Corydoras cervinus Rössel 1962    deer, presumably referring to deer-brown (“hirschbraun”) coloration in alcohol of upper body plates (compared to yellow-brown coloration of lower body plates)

Corydoras cochui Myers & Weitzman 1954    in honor of tropical fish importer Ferdinand (Fred) Cochu, Paramount Aquarium, who collected type

Corydoras concolor Weitzman 1961    colored uniformly, referring to pale tan body color in alcohol (living color not known at time of description)

Corydoras condiscipulus Nijssen & Isbrücker 1980    Latin for schoolmate, referring to its sympatric occurrence with C. oiapoquensis, with which it shares a color pattern

Corydoras copei Nijssen & Isbrücker 1986    in honor of zoologist-paleontologist Edward Drinker Cope (1840-1897), who described C. acutus, C. ambiacus, C. amphibelus and C. trilineatus, all, like this species, from Peru

Corydoras coppenamensis Nijssen 1970    ensis, suffix denoting place: Coppename River, Suriname, type locality

Corydoras coriatae Burgess 1997    in honor of Nery Coriat, “supplier of aquarium fishes from Peru who has worked for the past 25 years in the Peruvian fish business and has contributed a greal deal to the industry”

Corydoras costai Ottoni, Barbosa & Katz 2016    in honor of Wilson J. E. M. Costa, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, who first collected and identified this species as new in 1999

Corydoras crimmeni Grant 1997    in honor of Oliver Crimmen, fish curator, Natural History Museum (London), for his “extensive support, advice and assistance” in the descriptions of this species and C. kanei

Corydoras cruziensis Knaack 2002    ensis, suffix denoting place: Santa Cruz Department, Bolivia, type locality

Corydoras crypticus Sands 1995    referring to its cryptic coloration, similar to the sympatric C. bicolor, an example of “cryptic pigment pattern-sharing by twin-species”

Corydoras davidsandsi Black 1987    in honor of aquarist and amateur Corydoras taxonomist David Sands, for his “underestimated contribution to the popularisation of catfishes”

Corydoras delphax Nijssen & Isbrücker 1983    Greek for a young pig, referring to its feeding behavior (not described)

Corydoras desana Lima & Sazima 2017    named for the Desana, an ethnic group who inhabits the rio Tiquié basin (where this catfish occurs); the Desana are closely related linguistically and culturally to the Tukano Indians of the same basin, therefore name is also an allusion to the resemblance between the mimic pair C. desana and C. tukano

Corydoras difluviatilis Britto & Castro 2002    di-, two; fluviatilis, riverine, referring to its occurrence in two major drainage basins (Paraná River and São Francisco) in Brazil

Corydoras diphyes Axenrot & Kullander 2003    Greek for double nature, referring to unique color pattern, striped in some specimens and blotchy in others

Corydoras duplicareus Sands 1995    duplicate, referring to similar color pattern as C. adolfoi

Corydoras ehrhardti Steindachner 1910    patronym not identified, probably in honor of Wilhelm Ehrhardt (1860-ca. 1936), animal collector and taxidermist, who supplied several musuems with zoological specimens from Brazil, including presumably types of this catfish

Corydoras elegans Steindachner 1876    elegant, fine or select, allusion not explained, presumably referring to its coloration

Corydoras ellisae Gosline 1940    in honor of Marion Durbin Ellis (1887-ca. 1972), Indiana University, who identified this catfish as C. flaveolus in 1913

Corydoras ephippifer Nijssen 1972    ephippium, saddle; fero-, to bear, referring to distinctive dark, saddle-like marking on upper body

Corydoras eques Steindachner 1876    horseman or rider, allusion not explained, possibly referring to oblique saddle-like orange band behind eyes running between base of pectoral fins and over the head (Steindachner used this name for three characiforms with saddle-like markings: Abramites eques, Nannostomus eques, Hyphessobrycon eques)

Corydoras esperanzae Castro 1987    in honor of Castro’s wife Esperanza Rocha, for her help during the “elaboration” of his paper on Colombian Corydoras

Corydoras evelynae Rössel 1963    matronym not identified but almost certainly in honor of Evelyn Axelrod, wife of pet-book publisher Herbert R. Axelrod (b. 1927), the latter who collected type

Corydoras eversi Tencatt & Britto 2016    in honor of Hans-Georg Evers (b. 1964), “a dear friend and great enthusiast in the fishkeeping hobby, especially in the breeding of Corydoras species,” who collected type and specimens that apparently originated all the stock present in the hobby

Corydoras filamentosus Nijssen & Isbrücker 1983    referring to its extremely long dorsal-fin filament

Corydoras flaveolus Ihering 1911    bright yellow, referring to “yellowish” (translation) body color

Corydoras fowleri Böhlke 1950    in honor of Henry Weed Fowler (1878-1965), Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, for his contributions to South American freshwater ichthyology

Corydoras froehlichi Tencatt, Britto & Pavanelli 2016    in honor and memory of zoologist Otávio Froehlich (1958-2015), Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul, “great teacher, mentor and dear friend, for generously sharing his knowledge with several colleagues [and] contributing to the development of [the first author] as researcher and person”

Corydoras garbei Ihering 1911    in honor of Ernesto Garbe, who collected specimens for the Museu Paulista, University of São Paulo, including presumably type of this species

Corydoras geoffroy Lacepède 1803    in honor of colleague Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire (1772-1844), “who has earned the gratitude of all who cultivate natural history through his observations of the various animals of Egypt, particulary the fishes of the Nile” (translation) [a noun in apposition, without the patronymic “i”]

Corydoras geryi Nijssen & Isbrücker 1983    in honor of Jacques Géry (1917-2007), for his many contributions to the ichthyology of the freshwater fishes of South America

Corydoras gladysae Calviño & Alonso 2010    in honor of ichthyologist Gladys Ana María Monasterio de Gonzo, for contributions to the diversity, distribution and biology of fishes in the Salta province of Argentina; she was also the first collector of this species

Corydoras gomezi Castro 1986    in honor of Juan A. Gómez, Director, Centro de Investigaciones Cientificas, Universidad de Bogotá Jorge Tadeo Lozano, for his “permanent support” of Castro’s project on the freshwater fishes of Colombia

Corydoras gossei Nijssen 1972    in honor of Jean-Pierre Gosse (1924-2001), curator of vertebrates, Institut Royal des Sciences Naturalles de Belgique, who collected type

Corydoras gracilis Nijssen & Isbrücker 1976    slender, referring to its body shape

Corydoras griseus Holly 1940    gray, referring to uniform grayish color pattern

Corydoras gryphus Tencatt, Britto & Pavanelli 2014    Latin for griffon, a mythical creature with a lion’s head and body and the wings of a hawk or eagle, referring to conspicuous wing-like elongation of pectoral-fin spine and its first branched ray in males

Corydoras guapore Knaack 1961    named for Rio Guaporé, Rondônia, Brazil, type locality (also endemic to Rio Guaporé basin)

Corydoras guianensis Nijssen 1970    ensis, suffix denoting place: the Guiana countries (e.g., French Guiana and Dutch Guiana, also known as Suriname)

Corydoras habrosus Weitzman 1960    delicate or dainty, probably referring to its size (35 mm), considered one of the “pygmy” species of Corydoras

Corydoras haraldschultzi Knaack 1962    in honor of ethnographer and fish collector Harald Schultz (1909-1966), who collected type

Corydoras hastatus Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1888    spear-shaped, pressumably referring to “arrow-shaped spot” on caudal peduncle

Corydoras hephaestus Ohara, Tencatt & Britto 2016    named for the Greek god of fire, metalworking, forges and blacksmiths, referring to red color of body and fins

Corydoras heteromorphus Nijssen 1970    heteros, different; morphus, shape, referring to several characters that are intermediate between blunt- and long-snouted groups in the genus

Corydoras imitator Nijssen & Isbrücker 1983    referring to similar color pattern to the sympatric C. adolfoi

Corydoras incolicana Burgess 1993    -incola, inhabitant of: Rio Içana, Upper Rio Negro drainage, Brazil, type locality

Corydoras isbrueckeri Knaack 2004    in honor of Isaäc J. H. Isbrücker (b. 1944), on the occasion of his 60th birthday, for building and maintaining the fish collection at Zoölogisch Museums Amsterdam, and for his many publications on the taxonomy of catfishes (Callichthyidae, Loricariidae)

Corydoras julii Steindachner 1906    patronym not identified, possibly Julius Michaelis, who provided Steindachner (and Günther) with fishes from Brazil

Corydoras kanei Grant 1998    in honor of Grant’s son Kane, “who has and still is suffering much due to ill health”

Corydoras knaacki Tencatt & Evers 2016    in honor of Joachim Knaack (1933-2012), German physician, amateur ichthyologist and aquarist, who devoted more than 60 years of his life to the study of South American catfishes, especially Corydoras

Corydoras lacerdai Hieronimus 1995    in honor of Marco T. C. Lacerda, Rio de Janeiro, who collected type

Corydoras lacrimostigmata Tencatt, Britto & Pavanelli 2014    lacrima, tear; stigmata, marks, referring to diffuse dark stripe between corner of mouth and anterior margin of orbit and the drop-shaped dark blotch on posterior portion of infraorbital 1, which resemble tears

Corydoras lamberti Nijssen & Isbrücker 1986    in honor of Lambertus van Tuijl (1944-2012), a technician at the Zoölogisch Museum (Amsterdam) Department of Ichthyology (where the senior authors were curators of fishes), since February 1971

Corydoras latus Pearson 1924    broad or wide, allusion not explained nor evident, perhaps referring to its deep body

Corydoras leopardus Myers 1933    referring to leopard-like pattern of small black spots on body, head and snout

Corydoras leucomelas Eigenmann & Allen 1942    leucos, white; melas, black, presumably referring to blackish spots on whitish body

Corydoras longipinnis Knaack 2007    longus, long; pinnis, fin, referring to elongated dorsal and pectoral fins in males

Corydoras loretoensis Nijssen & Isbrücker 1986    ensis, suffix denoting place: Loreto, Peru, where it is abundant

Corydoras loxozonus Nijssen & Isbrücker 1983    loxos, slanting; xonus, belt or girdle, referring to dark oblique stipe on body

Corydoras lymnades Tencatt, Vera-Alcaraz, Britto & Pavanelli 2013    in Greek mythology, small creatures derived from goblins that can see the bottom of a man’s soul and take the form of his most beloved person, referring to its close resemblance in color (but not in size) to the larger C. garbei

Corydoras maculifer Nijssen & Isbrücker 1971    macula, spot; fero-, to bear, referring to horizontal rows of spots on body

Corydoras mamore Knaack 2002    named for Río Mamoré system, Bolivia, where it appears to be endemic

Corydoras melanistius Regan 1912    melano-, black; histion, sail, referring to blackish dorsal fin

Corydoras melanotaenia Regan 1912    melano-, black; taenia, band, referring to broad blackish lateral band

Corydoras melini Lönnberg & Rendahl 1930    in honor of Swedish herpetologist Douglas Melin, who collected type

Corydoras metae Eigenmann 1914    of the Río Meta, Colombia, type locality (also endemic to Río Meta basin)

Corydoras micracanthus Regan 1912    micro-, small; acanthus, spine, presumably referring to dorsal-fin spine, ½ length of head (compared to several species covered in same paper with spine as long as and longer than head)

Corydoras microcephalus Regan 1912    micro-, small; cephalus, head, referring to shorter head compared to C. paleatus

Corydoras multimaculatus Steindachner 1907    multi-, many; maculatus, spotted, referring to numerous spots on head, body and paired fins

Corydoras multiradiatus (Orcés V. 1960)    multi-, many; radiatus, rayed, referring to “exceptionaly high” number of dorsal-fin rays (up to 18) for a callichthyid fish

Corydoras nanus Nijssen & Isbrücker 1967    dwarf, the smallest species of the genus (then known) in the Guianas

Corydoras napoensis Nijssen & Isbrücker 1986     ensis, suffix denoting place: Napo, Ecuador, type locality (also occurs in Peru)

Corydoras narcissus Nijssen & Isbrücker 1980    Narkissos, son of Greek river god Kephissus, who fell in love with his reflection in the water, ironically honoring “those who recently collected undescribed Corydoras species and kindly suggested new names [presumably their own] for them” (collecting party included pet-book publisher Herbert R. Axelrod, ornamental-fish wholesaler and supplier Heiko Bleher, and ichthyologist Jacques Géry)

Corydoras nattereri Steindachner 1876    in honor of Johann Natterer (1787-1843), who explored South America and collected specimens for 18 years, including type of this species

Corydoras negro Knaack 2004    named for the Río Negro, Blanco River basin, Bolivia, type locality

Corydoras nijsseni Sands 1989    in honor of Corydoras expert Han Nijssen (1935-2013), University of Amsterdam, who encouraged Sands in his “early and later ignorance” and wrote the introduction to Sands’ first book

Corydoras noelkempffi Knaack 2004    in honor of German-born conservation biologist Noel Kempff Mercardo; his efforts to protect 750,000 hectares of biologically rich and geologically significant land in Bolivia led to his murder by drug traffickers in 1986 (two years later, the land became Noel Kempff Mercado National Park)

Corydoras oiapoquensis Nijssen 1972    ensis, suffix denoting place: Oiapoque (or Oyapock) River basin, border between Brazil and French Guiana, where it is endemic

Corydoras ornatus Nijssen & Isbrücker 1976    handsome or splendid, referring to the “beautiful appearance” of its “most attractive” color pattern

Corydoras orphnopterus Weitzman & Nijssen 1970    orphnos, dark or dusky; pteron, fin, referring to dark blotch on dorsal fin

Corydoras ortegai Britto, Lima & Hidalgo 2007    in honor of Hernán Ortega Torres, curator of fishes, Museo de Historia Natural, Universidade Nacional Mayor de San Marcos (Lima, Peru), for his “deep interest” in the freshwater fishes of Peru and his contributions to our knowledge of their diversity

Corydoras osteocarus Böhlke 1951    osteo, bone; carus, head, allusion not explained, presumably referring to large plates that cover head of all Corydoras species

Corydoras ourastigma Nijssen 1972    oura, tail; stigma, spot, referring to prominent spot in front of caudal peduncle

Corydoras oxyrhynchus Nijssen & Isbrücker 1967    oxys, sharp; rhynchus, snout, referring to “remarkably” long snout

Corydoras paleatus (Jenyns 1842)    dappled, referring to “dusky spots and motlings” on body

Corydoras panda Nijssen & Isbrücker 1971    referring to color pattern, which resembles that of the Giant Panda of China

Corydoras pantanalensis Knaack 2001    ensis, suffix denoting place: Pantanal, a wetland area in Bolivia and Brazil, where it is endemic

Corydoras paragua Knaack 2004    named for Río Paragua, Bolivia, type locality

Corydoras parallelus Burgess 1993    referring to parallel horizontal stripes on sides

Corydoras pastazensis Weitzman 1963    ensis, suffix denoting place: Pastaza Province, Ecuador, type locality, and/or Pastaza River basin, where it is endemic

Corydoras paucerna Knaack 2004    named for Río Paucerna, Bolivia, where it was first collected (not to be confused with Río Paragua, the type locality)

Corydoras pavanelliae Tencatt & Ohara 2016    in honor of Carla Simone Pavanelli (b. 1967), Universidade Estadual de Maringá (Brazil), advisor of the first author and dear friend, for her extensive contributions to the knowledge of the ecology and taxonomy of neotropical fishes

Corydoras petracinii Calviño & Alonso 2010    in honor of aquarist Roberto Petracini, for contributions to the development, knowledge and diffusion of the fishkeeping hobby in Argentina and South (and Central) America

Corydoras pinheiroi Dinkelmeyer 1995    in honor of Mario Pinheiro, manager of Trop Rio, an aquarium-fish exporter in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, who provided type

Corydoras polystictus Regan 1912    poly, many; stictus, spot, referring to longitudinal series of small dark spots on sides of body and on rays of dorsal fin

Corydoras potaroensis Myers 1927    ensis, suffix denoting place: Potaro River basin, Guyana, where it is endemic

Corydoras pulcher Isbrücker & Nijssen 1973    beautiful, referring to its attractive color pattern

Corydoras punctatus (Bloch 1794)    spotted, referring to small black spots all over head and body

Corydoras pygmaeus Knaack 1966    dwarf, referring to small size (up to 23.7 mm in nature and up to 32.0 mm [females] in the aquarium)

Corydoras rabauti La Monte 1941    in honor of explorer and natural history collector Auguste Rabaut, who collected type [Rabaut is more famously known as the discoverer of the Neon Tetra, Paracheirodon innesi]

Corydoras reticulatus Fraser-Brunner 1938    reticulated, referring to “gold reticulations of dark brown” on upper half of body

Corydoras reynoldsi Myers & Weitzman 1960    in honor of Col. John N. Reynolds, United States Air Force, “an ardent aquarist and a fine fish collector,” who helped collect type

Corydoras robineae Burgess 1983    in honor of Robine Schwartz, mother of aquarium-fish collector and exporter Adolfo Schwartz, Turkys Aquarium (Manaus, Brazil), who supplied type and asked that his mother be honored with the name

Corydoras robustus Nijssen & Isbrücker 1980    robust, referring to its dimensions

Corydoras sanchesi Nijssen & Isbrücker 1967    in honor of Gijsbert Harry Sanches (b. 1919), formerly Commissioner of Brokopondo District, for his “valuable assistance” during Martin Boeseman’s survey of fishes in Suriname

Corydoras saramaccensis Nijssen 1970    ensis, suffix denoting place: Saramacca River, Suriname, type locality

Corydoras sarareensis Dinkelmeyer 1995    –ensis, suffix denoting place: Rio Sararé, Mato Grosso State, Brazil, type locality

Corydoras schwartzi Rössel 1963    in honor of Hans-Willi Schwartz (d. 1981), aquarium-fish exporter in Manaus, Brazil, who helped collect type

Corydoras semiaquilus Weitzman 1964    semi-, half; aquilus, dark-colored, referring to dark color on upper body scutes

Corydoras septentrionalis Gosline 1940    northern, referring to its distribution in northern Venezuela

Corydoras serratus Sands 1995    toothed like a saw, referring to “distinctively serrated or toothed” pectoral-fin spines

Corydoras seussi Dinkelmeyer 1996    in honor of German aquarist Werner Seuss, author of a popular reference book on Corydoras and an experienced breeder of fishes in the genus

Corydoras similis Hieronimus 1991    similar, referring to very similar coloration as C. ourastigma

Corydoras simulatus Weitzman & Nijssen 1970    imitated or copied, referring to its similarity to C. metae

Corydoras sipaliwini Hoedeman 1965    named for Sipaliwini River at Paru Savannah, Suriname, type locality (also occurs in Guyana)

Corydoras sodalis Nijssen & Isbrücker 1986    Latin for companion, referring to its similarity to C. reticulatus

Corydoras solox Nijssen & Isbrücker 1983    rough, referring to rough pectoral-fin spine of males

Corydoras spectabilis Knaack 1999    referring to its “spectacular discovery, capture and other circumstances” (translation), although Joachim Knaack (1933-2012) did not explain what they were; according to fellow Corydoras aquarist Erik Schiller (pers. comm.), who discussed this species with Knaack, the name refers to the author’s surprise and delight in finding several specimens one year when in an earlier year he had found only one, which he suspected was a hybrid between C. haraldschultzi and either C. caudimaculatus or C. guapore (note: many hobbyist references state that the name refers to the fish’s “showy” or spectacular appearance, but Knaack’s own explanation, albeit vague, does not support this interpretation)

Corydoras spilurus Norman 1926    spilos, spot; oura, tail, referring to series of small spots on tail

Corydoras splendens (Castelnau 1855)    bright, shining or splendid, referring to its “beautiful golden green” coloration with burgundy fins (translation)

Corydoras steindachneri Isbrücker & Nijssen 1973    in honor of Franz Steindachner (1834-1919), for his many contributions to ichthyology; he also described several Corydoras species new to science (1877-1910)

Corydoras stenocephalus Eigenmann & Allen 1942    stenos, narrow; cephalus, head, perhaps referring to its “greatly prolonged” snout

Corydoras sterbai Knaack 1962    in honor of zoologist and aquarist Günther Sterba (b. 1922), University of Leipzig

Corydoras surinamensis Nijssen 1970    ensis, suffix denoting place: Suriname, where it is endemic

Corydoras sychri Weitzman 1960    in honor of aquarist Al Sychr [rhymes with biker] of Hayward, California, who provided Weitzman with many species of Corydoras, including type of this one

Corydoras treitlii Steindachner 1906    patronym not identified, probably in honor of Josef Treitl (1804-1895), Austrian bank and hospital director who bequeathed a large sum of money to the Austrian Academy of Sciences, where Steindachner worked

Corydoras trilineatus Cope 1872    tri-, three; lineatus, lined, referring to three stripes (two white, one black) along middle of body

Corydoras tukano Britto & Lima 2003    named after the Tukano, an Amerindian group from the rio Negro and Japurá/Caquetá basins in Brazil, Colombia and Venezuela; the known range of this catfish is entirely within Tukano territory in Brazil

Corydoras undulatus Regan 1912    wavy, referring to “dark purplish spots tending to run together, forming undulating longitudinal bands”

Corydoras urucu Britto, Wosiacki & Montag 2009    named for the Rio Urucu basin, Rio Solimões system, Brazil, type locality (from the Tupí uru-ku, meaning red, derived from the fruit color of the urucuzeiro, Bixa orellana, family Bixacea, native to tropical South America)

Corydoras virginiae Burgess 1993    in honor of Virginia Schwartz, wife of aquarium-fish exporter Adolfo Schwartz (who collected type), International Fisheries, Inc. (Hialeah, Florida, USA)

Corydoras vittatus Nijssen 1971    banded, referring to dark stripe along posterior portion of body

Corydoras weitzmani Nijssen 1971    in honor of Smithsonian ichthyologist Stanley H. Weitzman (1927-2017), “who has had a long and continuing interest in the genus Corydoras

Corydoras xinguensis Nijssen 1972    ensis, suffix denoting place: upper Río Xingú, Mato Grosso State, Brazil, type locality (also endemic to upper Río Xingú basin)

Corydoras zawadzkii Tencatt & Ohara 2016    in honor of Cláudio Henrique Zawadzki, Universidade Estadual de Maringá (Paraná, Brazil), for comprehensive contributions to the knowledge of neotropical fishes, especially of the Loricariidae; in addition, he is a “dear friend” who directly participated in the professional development of the senior author

Corydoras zygatus Eigenmann & Allen 1942    etymology not explained, perhaps derived from the Ancient Greek zugón, yoke, typically used to denote a pair or union, perhaps referring to contacting humeral plates in larger specimens

Scleromystax Günther 1864    sclero-, hard; mystax, moustache, referring to beard-like odontodes on cheeks of sexually active males of S. barbatus

Scleromystax barbatus (Quoy & Gaimard 1824)    bearded, referring to beard-like odontodes on cheeks of sexually active males

Scleromystax macropterus (Regan 1913)    macro-, long; pterus, fin, referring to very long pectoral fin, extending to origin of anal fin

Scleromystax prionotos (Nijssen & Isbrücker 1980)    jagged or serrated, referring to medial border of pectoral-fin spine

Scleromystax reisi Britto, Fukakusa & Malabarba 2016    in honor of Roberto E. Reis (Pontificia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul), for his many contributions to neotropical ichthyology, including studies of callichthyid fishes

Scleromystax salmacis Britto & Reis 2005    named after a character in Ovid’s “The Fountain of Salmacis,” about a nymph named Salmacis whose body intertwined and merged into one with that of her lover, Hermaphroditus, consisting of one pair of arms, one set of legs, one head and one face but was both male and female at the same time, referring to “very subtle” sexual dimorphism compared to congeners


Family SCOLOPLACIDAE Spiny Dwarf Catfishes

Scoloplax Bailey & Baskin 1976    skolos, thorn; plax, plate, referring to movable, dermal bone on top of snout (rostral plate) that is studded with large integumentary teeth

Scoloplax baileyi Rocha, Lazzarotto & Py-Daniel 2012    in honor of ichthyologist Reeve M. Bailey (1911-2011), University of Michigan, for his “remarkable” contributions to ichthyology, including the descriptions of Scoloplax and S. dicra

Scoloplax baskini Rocha, de Oliveira & Rapp Py-Daniel 2008    in honor of Jonathan Baskin, California State Polytechnic University, for his “significant” contributions to neotropical ichthyology, including description of the genus Scoloplax

Scoloplax dicra Bailey & Baskin 1976    Greek for forked, clove, or bifurcate, referring to forked maxillary barbel

Scoloplax distolothrix Schaefer, Weitzman & Britski 1989    distolos, in pairs; thrix, hair, referring to its paired bilateral mental barbels

Scoloplax dolicholophia Schaefer, Weitzman & Britski 1989    dolichos, long; lophia, crest or ridge, referring to its long pterotic-supracleithral crest or ridge

Scoloplax empousa Schaefer, Weitzman & Britski 1989    Greek for hobgoblin or specter having various forms, referring to its especially bizarre appearance


Family ASTROBLEPIDAE Climbing Catfishes
1 genus • 81 species                    

Astroblepus Humboldt 1805    aster, star; blepos, to look, i.e., a stargazer, referring to dorsally placed eyes of A. grixalvii

Astroblepus acostai Ardila Rodríguez 2011    in honor of Eduardo Acosta Bendek, director, Universidad Metropolitana de Barranquilla, where Ardila Rodríguez works, for cooperation with his research both in and outside of the institution

Astroblepus ardiladuartei Ardila Rodríguez 2015    in honor of Ardila Rodríguez’ son, Carlos Julio Ardila Duarte, also a biologist, who collected type

Astroblepus ardilai Ardila Rodríguez 2012    in honor of Ardila Rodríguez’ son, Carlos Julio Ardila Duarte, for his scientific illustrations of the fishes of Bolivar, Colombia

Astroblepus ardilai Ardila Rodríguez 2012    in honor of Ardila Rodríguez’ son, Carlos Julio Ardila Duarte, for his scientific illustrations of the fishes of Bolivar, Colombia

Astroblepus bellezaensis Ardila Rodríguez 2015    –ensis, suffix denoting place: Municipio La Belleza, Santander, Colombia, only known area of occurrence

Astroblepus brachycephalus (Günther 1859)    brachys, short; cephalus, referring to shorter head (1/5 of TL) compared to A. sabalo (¼ of TL)

Astroblepus cacharas Ardila Rodríguez 2011    named for the Cácharas, an indigenous group of people who inhabited the upper reaches of the Río Cácharas, Norte de Santander, Colombia, type locality

Astroblepus cajamarcaensis Ardila Rodríguez 2013    ensis, suffix denoting place: Departamento de Cajamarca, Andes of Peru, type locality

Astroblepus caquetae Fowler 1943    of Caquetá, Colombia, where type locality (Río Orteguasa) is situated

Astroblepus chapmani (Eigenmann 1912)    patronym not identified; Eigenmann mentioned a “Dr. F. M. Chapman” in a later (1942) publication, who was a traveling companion in South America; this may have been ornithologist Frank M. Chapman (1864-1945), American Museum of Natural History

Astroblepus chimborazoi (Fowler 1915)    of Chimborazo, Ecuador, type locality

Astroblepus chinchaoensis Ardila Rodríguez 2014    ensis, suffix denoting place: Distrito Chinchao, Peru, where type locality (Quebrada [brook] Saria, elevation 1100 m) is situated

Astroblepus chotae (Regan 1904)    of the Chota Valley, Ecuador, type locality (also occurs in Colombia, Peru and Venezuela)

Astroblepus cirratus (Regan 1912)    curled or having tendrils, presumably referring to nasal flap “produced into a barbel which is as long as the diameter of the eye”

Astroblepus curitiensis Ardila Rodríguez 2015     –ensis, suffix denoting place: Municipio de Curiti, “land of mists and beautiful sunsets” (translation), Departamento de Santander, Colombia, type locality

Astroblepus cyclopus (Humboldt 1805)    latinization of Cyclops, mythological one-eyed giants that lived inside the volcano of Mt. Aetna (or Etna) of Sicily, alluding to local reports that the Andean volcanoes of Ecuador regularly eject a muddy substance mixed with fresh water and large numbers of this catfish, which presumably live in subterranean lakes beneath the volcano; Humboldt believed these claims but they have never been authenticated

Astroblepus dux Posado 1909    Latin for leader, probably referring to “El Capitán,” its vernacular name in Medellín, Colombia, at time of description

Astroblepus eigenmanni (Regan 1904)    in honor of Carl H. Eigenmann (1863-1927), who loaned specimens to Regan; in addition, Eigenmann identified this catfish as Cyclopium cyclopum in 1888

Astroblepus festae (Boulenger 1898)    in honor of Italian naturalist Enrico Festa (1868-1939), who collected type

Astroblepus fissidens (Regan 1904)    fissus, cleave or split; dens, teeth, probably referring to premaxillary teeth, which are “acutely” bicuspid or “more or less Y-shaped”

Astroblepus floridablancaensis Ardila Rodríguez 2016    ensis, suffix denoting place: municipio de Floridablanca, Colombia, type locality

Astroblepus floridaensis Ardila Rodríguez 2013    ensis, suffix denoting place: río a la Florida (Quebrada Florida), Departamento del Amazonas, Andes of Peru, type locality

Astroblepus formosus Fowler 1945    handsome, referring to its “pleasing contrasted coloration” (brown to black body, whitish belly and whiskers, pale to whitish fins)

Astroblepus frenatus Eigenmann 1918    bridled, referring to dark streak from eye to base of barbels

Astroblepus grixalvii Humboldt 1805    in memory of Don Mariano Grixalva, a “respectable scholar” who “disseminated at Popayan [Colombia, where this catfish occurs] a taste for the physical sciences, which he himself cultivated with success” (translation)

Astroblepus guentheri (Boulenger 1887)    patronym not identified but clearly in honor of ichthyologist-herpetologist Albert Günther (1830-1914), British Museum (Natural History), where type is housed

Astroblepus heterodon (Regan 1908)    hetero-, different; odon, tooth, referring to unicuspid teeth on upper jaw and bicuspid teeth on lower

Astroblepus hidalgoi Ardila Rodríguez 2013    in honor of ichthyologist Max Hidalgo, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos de Lima, for his contributions to the study of the freshwater fishes of Peru

Astroblepus homodon (Regan 1904)    homos, same; odon, tooth, probably referring to teeth of the outer series of the premaxillaries, which are all bicuspid, or “more or less Y-shaped”

Astroblepus huallagaensis Ardila Rodríguez 2013    ensis, suffix denoting place: río Huallaga, Departamento de Huánuco, Andes of Peru, type locality

Astroblepus itae Ardila Rodríguez 2011    of ITA, a tribute to Instituto Técnico Agrícola, Cáchira, Norte de Santander, Colombia, in existence for 55 years

Astroblepus jimenezae Ardila Rodríguez 2013    in honor of Luz Fernanda Jiménez Segura, director of the ichthyology lab at Universidad de Antioquia, for her contributions to the knowledge of Colombian fishes

Astroblepus jurubidae Fowler 1944    of the Río Jurubidá, Nuquí, Colombia, type locality

Astroblepus labialis Pearson 1937    of the lips, characterized by its very wide lips

Astroblepus latidens Eigenmann 1918    latus, wide; dens, teeth, referring to wider teeth on outer row of premaxillary compared to the similar A. trifasciatus

Astroblepus longiceps Pearson 1924    longus, long; ceps, head, presumably referring to its head, 31/3-32/3 times in length

Astroblepus longifilis (Steindachner 1882)    longus, long; filum, thread, referring to long pectoral- and caudal-fin rays

Astroblepus mancoi Eigenmann 1928    in honor of Inca governor and founder Ayar Manco, also known as Manco Cápac, “the Moses of the Peruvians, who led the exodus from Tampu-tocco to Cuzco about 1100 A.D.

Astroblepus mariae (Fowler 1919)    in honor of Hermano Apolinar Maria (1867-1949), Director, Museum at the Instituto de La Salle, Bogotá, who collected type and offered Fowler the opportunity to study it

Astroblepus marmoratus (Regan 1904)    marbled, referring to its brownish coloration, “marbled with blackish”

Astroblepus martinezi Ardila Rodríguez 2013    in honor of Antonio José Martinez Negrete, Administrator, Parque Nacional Natural Paramillo (Cordoba, Colombia), for his conservation work and scientific research

Astroblepus mendezi Ardila Rodríguez 2014    in honor of parasitologist Eustorgio Mendez Cedeño (b. 1927), who, for 40 years, maintained the zoological collection (which now bears his name) at the Gorgas Memorial Institute for Health Studies in Panama, the country where this catfish occurs

Astroblepus micrescens Eigenmann 1918    micro-, small; –escens, becoming, i.e., smallish, allusion not explained, perhaps referring to maximum SL (up to 9 cm) compared to the nominate species (up to 30 cm SL)

Astroblepus mindoensis (Regan 1916)    ensis, suffix denoting place: Mindo, western Ecuador, type locality

Astroblepus mojicai Ardila Rodríguez 2015    in honor of José Iván Mojica, Director, Museo de Ictiología del Instituto de Ciencias Naturales de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia (Bogotá), for contributions to the knowledge of Colombian ichthyology

Astroblepus moyanensis Ardila Rodríguez 2014    ensis, suffix denoting place: Quebrada (brook) Moyán, Departamento de Cajamarca, Peru, type locality

Astroblepus nettoferreirai Ardila Rodríguez 2015    in honor of André Luiz Netto Ferreira, Universidad de São Paulo, for “great” (translation) contributions to the ichthyology of South America

Astroblepus nicefori Myers 1932    in honor of Brother Nicéforo Maria, Museo del Instituto de La Salle (Bogota), who sent a collection of fishes to Myers, including type of this one

Astroblepus onzagaensis Ardila Rodríguez 2015     –ensis, suffix denoting place: Municipio de Onzaga, Departamento de Santander, Colombia, type locality

Astroblepus orientalis (Boulenger 1903)    eastern, the first member of the family recorded from east of the Andes (Venezuela)

Astroblepus ortegai Ardila Rodríguez 2012    in honor of Hernán Ortega, curator, Colección Ictiológica de la Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos (MUSM) de Lima, for his contributions to the knowledge of Peruvian fishes

Astroblepus peruanus (Steindachner 1876)    anus, belonging to: Peru, where it is endemic to the upper Ucayali River basin

Astroblepus phelpsi Schultz 1944    in honor of businessman and ornithologist William H. Phelps, of Caracas, a “well-known leader in furthering the development of the biological sciences in Venezuela” [we assume name honors Phelps, Sr. (1875-1965), but it could also apply to William H. Phelps, Jr. (1902-1988), who continued his father’s commercial and ornithilogical work in Venezuela]

Astroblepus pholeter Collette 1962    Greek for “one who lurks in holes,” referring to its cavernicolous habits

Astroblepus pirrensis (Meek & Hildebrand 1913)    ensis, suffix denoting place: location not specified, perhaps referring to Pirre River and/or Mount Pirre, both near type locality

Astroblepus pradai Ardila Rodríguez 2015     in honor of Saul Prada Pedreros, president of the Colombian Association of Ichthyologists (ACICTIOS), which has greatly contributed to the knowledge of Colombian ichthyology

Astroblepus praeliorum Allen 1942    orum, commemorative suffix, plural: in honor of Hermanos Praeli, “merchants of Tarma and La Merced [Peru], who were instrumental in procuring facilities and who aided the collecting in person”

Astroblepus prenadillus (Valenciennes 1840)    from preñadilla, local name for astroblepid catfishes in the Andes of Ecuador

Astroblepus putumayoensis Ardila Rodríguez 2015    –ensis, suffix denoting place: Putumayo, Colombia, only known area of occurrence

Astroblepus quispei Ardila Rodríguez 2012    in honor of Roberto Quispe, Museo de Historia Natural de la Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, for contributions to the study of the Andean catfishes of Peru

Astroblepus regani (Pellegrin 1909)    in honor of ichthyologist Charles Tate Regan (1878-1943), Natural History Museum (London), for his important 1904 monograph on loricariid catfishes

Astroblepus rengifoi Dahl 1960    in honor of entomologist Santiago Rengifo Salcedo (1913-1965), for his “ceaseles [sic] work for the advancement of biological science in Colombia”

Astroblepus retropinnus (Regan 1908)    retro, back; pinnis, fin, referring to more posteriorly placed dorsal fin compared to the related A. boulengeri and A. homodon

Astroblepus riberae Cardona & Guerao 1994    in honor of Carles Ribera, University of Barcelona, a specialist in cavernicolous spiders, who collected type from Ninabamba caves in Peru

Astroblepus rosei Eigenmann 1922    in honor of botanist Joseph Nelson Rose (1862-1928), United States National Museum, a “student of the flora of South America”

Astroblepus sabalo (Valenciennes 1840)    a common Spanish name for many fishes from South America, including this one

Astroblepus santanderensis Eigenmann 1918    ensis, suffix denoting place: Santander, Colombia, where type locality (Quebrada [brook] do Guapota) is situated

Astroblepus simonsii (Regan 1904)    in honor of the late Perry Oveitt Simons (1869-1901), American natural history collector in South America, who collected type (his guide murdered him while crossing the Andes of Argentina, presumably for his money and gear)

Astroblepus stuebeli (Wandolleck 1916)    in honor of Moritz Alphons Stübel (1835-1904), German geologist and vulcanologist, whose collection provided type

Astroblepus supramollis Pearson 1937    supra, above; mollis, soft, referring to jelly-like substance beneath skin on top of head and in front of dorsal fin on sexually mature specimens in life (in preservative the substance disappeared and the skin became wrinkled)

Astroblepus taczanowskii (Boulenger 1890)    in memory of Polish zoologist Władysław (or Ladislas) Taczanowski (1819-1890), who provided type during an exchange between the British Museum (Natural History) and the Warsaw University Museum

Astroblepus tamboensis Ardila Rodríguez 2014    ensis, suffix denoting place: río Tambo, Huánuco, Peru, type locality

Astroblepus theresiae (Steindachner 1907)    in honor of Princess Theresa of Bavaria (Therese von Bayern, 1850-1925), an amateur naturalist and explorer, for promoting of knowledge of the fauna of Peru, Bolivia and Ecuador via her scientific expeditions to South America

Astroblepus trifasciatus (Eigenmann 1912)    tri-, three; fasciatus, banded, presumably referring to three black bands on young specimens, although Eigenmann describes four: “across the head, another across the back at the base of dorsal fin, another across the anterior part of adipose and the back just in front of it[,] and another across the end of the caudal peduncle”

Astroblepus ubidiai (Pellegrin 1931)    in honor of Georges Ubidia, a student of parasitologist Otto Fuhrmann; Ubidia collected the type, which Fuhrmann forwarded to Pellegrin

Astroblepus unifasciatus (Eigenmann 1912)    uni-, one; fasciatus, banded, presumably referring to a “light band, clear or marbled, from the posterior portion of the spine of the adipose and the back of the caudal peduncle obliquely downward and forward”

Astroblepus vaillanti (Regan 1904)    in honor of Léon Vaillant (1834-1914), zoologist, Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle (Paris), “through whose kindness [Regan] was permitted to examine the specimens in the Jardin des Plantes”

Astroblepus vanceae (Eigenmann 1913)    in honor of Miss Lola Vance (no other information available), who provided a small collection of fishes from Peru, including type of this one

Astroblepus ventralis (Eigenmann 1912)    ventral, referring to lancet-shaped ventral fins, reaching slightly beyond anus in large males and females

Astroblepus verai Ardila Rodríguez 2015     in honor of agronomist Jorge Augusto Vera Mantilla, for his help in capturing the type specimens

Astroblepus whymperi (Boulenger 1890)    in honor of English mountaineer and explorer Edward Whymper (1840-1911), who collected fishes, amphibians and reptiles in the Andes of Ecuador, including type of this catfish, which he sent to the British Museum (Natural History)