Order ORECTOLOBIFORMES

COMMENTS
v. 5.0 – 11 Nov. 2016  view/download PDF

7 families • 13 genera • 45 species

Family PARASCYLLIIDAE Collared Carpet Sharks
2 genera • 8 species

Cirrhoscyllium Smith & Radcliffe 1913    cirrus, curl or tendril, referring to barbels on throat; skylion, Greek for dogfish or small shark, probably from skyllo, to tear or mangle

Cirrhoscyllium expolitum Smith & Radcliffe 1913    varnished, referring to how the shark’s body, when dry, “glistens as though varnished, owing to the peculiar character of the dermal denticles”

Cirrhoscyllium formosanum Teng 1959    anum, adjectival suffix: referring to distribution off the coast of Formosa (Taiwan)

Cirrhoscyllium japonicum Kamohara 1943    Japanese, known only from Mimase, Shikoku, Japan

Parascyllium Gill 1862    para-, near, i.e., related to Scylliorhinus (now in Scyliorhinidae); skylion, Greek for dogfish or small shark, probably from skyllo, to tear or mangle

Parascyllium collare Ramsay & Ogilby 1888    collar, referring to prominent dark and unspotted collar around gills

Parascyllium elongatum Last & Stevens 2008    prolonged, referring to distinctive, elongate body shape

Parascyllium ferrugineum McCulloch 1911    rust-colored, referring to dark brown spots on sides and fins

Parascyllium sparsimaculatum Goto & Last 2002    sparsi, sparse; maculatum, spotted, referring to relatively larger (and hence fewer) spots than congeners

Parascyllium variolatum (Duméril 1853)    spotted, referring to white spots that sprinkle body


Family BRACHAELURIDAE Blind Sharks

Brachaelurus Ogilby 1907    brachys, short, referring to short and stout body; aelurus, cat, i.e., a short catshark

Brachaelurus colcloughi Ogilby 1908    in honor of the friend John Colclough, Amateur Fisherman’s Association of Queensland, who collected many specimens for Ogilby

Brachaelurus waddi (Bloch & Schneider 1801)    meaning unknown, presumably an Australian or Aboriginal name (perhaps based on waddi or waddy, a war club or type of tree) used by John Latham on the painting (now lost) from which it was described


Family ORECTOLOBIDAE Wobbegongs
3 genera • 12 species

Eucrossorhinus Regan 1908    eu-, very; crosso-, tasseled; rhinos, snout, referring to dense tassel of dermal lobes around the head

Eucrossorhinus dasypogon (Bleeker 1867)    dasys, hairy; pogon, beard, referring to dense beard-like tassel of dermal lobes fringing the head

Orectolobus Bonaparte 1834    orecto-, stretched out; lobus, protuberance, referring to long nasal barbels

Orectolobus floridus Last & Chidlow 2008    florid, referring to rich, floral pattern of bands and blotches on dorsal surface

Orectolobus halei Whitley 1940    in honor of Herbert M. Hale (1895-1963), Director of the South Australian Museum

Orectolobus hutchinsi Last, Chidlow & Compagno 2006    in honor of Western Australian Museum (Perth) fish curator Barry Hutchins, who first reported this shark as a new species in 1983

Orectolobus japonicus Regan 1906    Japanese, referring to type locality (but occurring throughout Western North Pacific)

Orectolobus leptolineatus Last, Pogonoski & White 2010    leptos, fine or thin; lineatus, lined, referring to thin, vermicular markings on dorsal surface

Orectolobus maculatus (Bonnaterre 1788)    spotted, referring to large, 0-shaped markings that densely cover dorsal surface

Orectolobus ornatus (DeVis 1883)    referring to its extremely ornate and variegated color pattern

Orectolobus parvimaculatus Last & Chidlow 2008    parvus, little, referring to smaller size compared to similarly spotted O. maculatus

Orectolobus reticulatus Last, Pogonoski & White 2008    net-like or netted, referring to characteristic network pattern on dorsal surface

Orectolobus wardi Whitley 1939    in honor of actor, naturalist and marine collector Charles Melbourne Ward (1903-1966), who collected type

Sutorectus Whitley 1939    suter, cobbler, which is its Australian name; rectus, straight, perhaps referring to its simple, unbranched nasal cirrhi

Sutorectus tentaculatus (Peters 1864)    tentacule, feeler, i.e., small tentacle; -atus, provided with, referring to warty tubercles on dorsal surface and dorsal fin bases


Family HEMISCYLLIIDAE Bamboo Sharks
2 genera • 17 species

Chiloscyllium Müller & Henle 1837    chilo, lip, referring to membranous and broad lower lip; skylion, Greek for dogfish or small shark, probably from skyllo, to tear or mangle

Chiloscyllium arabicum Gubanov 1980    referring to distribution in the Arabian (Persian) Gulf, between Iran and Arabian Peninsula

Chiloscyllium burmense Dingerkus & DeFino 1983    ensis, suffix denoting place: Burma (Myanmar), type locality

Chiloscyllium caeruleopunctatum Pellegrin 1914    caeruleus, sky blue; punctatus, spotted, referring to color pattern of light-blue spots on a gray-brown background

Chiloscyllium griseum Müller & Henle 1838    grayish, referring to light gray coloration in spirits (usually light brown in life)

Chiloscyllium hasseltii Bleeker 1852    in honor of Dutch physician and biologist Johan Coenraad van Hasselt (1797-1823), who explored the colonial Dutch East Indies with his friend Heinrich Kuhl in 1820

Chiloscyllium indicum (Gmelin 1789)    referring to the Indian Ocean, type locality

Chiloscyllium plagiosum (Anonymous [Bennett] 1830)    plaga, stripe; –osus, full of, probably referring to its dark bands

Chiloscyllium punctatum Müller & Henle 1838    dotted, referring to scattering of small blackish spots on young specimens

Hemiscyllium Müller & Henle 1837    hemi-, partial; skylion, Greek for dogfish or small shark (probably from skyllo, to tear or mangle), referring to similarity to Chiloscyllium and/or Scyllium (=Scyliorhinus, now in Scyliorhinidae)

Hemiscyllium freycineti (Quoy & Gaimard 1824)    in honor of French navigator Louis de Freycinet (1779-1841), who collected type

Hemiscyllium galei Allen & Erdmann 2008    in honor of underwater photographer and shark enthusiast Jeffrey Gale, who successfully bid to help conserve this species at a charity auction, and who financially supported Conservation International’s efforts to preserve its habitat

Hemiscyllium hallstromi Whitley 1967    in honor of philanthropist Edward Hallstrom (1886-1970), trustee and chairman of Taronga Zoological Park, where holotype and paratype were alive in captivity

Hemiscyllium halmahera Allen, Erdmann & Dudgeon 2013    named for Halmahera, Indonesia, type locality

Hemiscyllium henryi Allen & Erdmann 2008    in honor of underwater photographer Wolcott Henry, who has generously supported Conservation International’s marine initiatives, including taxonomy of western New Guinea fishes

Hemiscyllium michaeli Allen & Dudgeon 2010    in honor of photographer and aquarist Scott W. Michael, who first brought the difference between this species and H. freycineti to the authors’ attention, and for contributing information and photographs to the first author’s research on Indo-Pacific fishes

Hemiscyllium ocellatum (Bonnaterre 1788)    eyed, referring to conspicuous white-ringed black ocellus on flanks above pectoral fins

Hemiscyllium strahani Whitley 1967    in honor of Australian zoologist Ronald Strahan (1922–2010), director of Taronga Zoological Park, where holotype lived in captivity

Hemiscyllium trispeculare Richardson 1843    tri, three; specularis, to look, presumably referring to three “eye” spots on shoulder


Family STEGOSTOMATIDAE Zebra Shark

Stegostoma Müller & Henle 1837    stego, cover; stoma, mouth, referring to how a “large and thick wreath or rim” conceals upper jaw and mouth opening

Stegostoma fasciatum (Hermann 1783)    striped, referring to zebra-like vertical bars seen on juveniles


Family GINGLYMOSTOMATIDAE Nurse Sharks
3 genera • 3 species

Ginglymostoma Müller & Henle 1837    ginglymus, hinge; stoma, mouth, presumably referring to how corner of mouth has a hinged appearance

Ginglymostoma cirratum (Bonnaterre 1788)    curl, referring to elongated nasal barbels

Ginglymostoma unami Moral-Flores, Ramírez-Antonio, Angulo & Pérez-Ponce de León 2015    in honor of UNAM (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México), for the “vital role it plays in educating the people of México” (translation)

Nebrius Rüppell 1837    nebris, Greek for skin of the fawn, referring to rusty-fawn coloration of upper part of body

Nebrius ferrugineus (Lesson 1831)    rust-colored, referring to brown coloration

Pseudoginglymostoma Dingerkus 1986    pseudo-, false, i.e., not a true Ginglymostoma, in which type species had been classified

Pseudoginglymostoma brevicaudatum (Günther 1867)    brevi-, short; caudatum, tail, referring to caudal fin being less than ¼ of total length


Family RHINCODONTIDAE Whale Shark

Rhincodon Smith 1829     rhinc, presumably a typographical error for rhine, rasp (often translated as rhynchos, snout); odon, teeth, referring to small, slightly curved teeth, “placed in longitudinal rows, and altogether so disposed towards the anterior edges of jaws as to exhibit the resemblance of a rasp or file lying across each”

Rhincodon typus Smith 1828    serving as type of genus