v. 1.0 – 24 June 2016  view/download PDF

2 families • 8 genera/subgenera • 27 species

Family HALOSAURIDAE Halosaurs
4 genera/subgenera • 16 species

Aldrovandia Goode & Bean 1896    ia, belonging to: Ulysses Aldrovandus (1522-1605), of Bologna, “founder of the first natural history museum, whose name, strangely enough, has never been honored by association with a genus of animals or plants”

Aldrovandia affinis (Günther 1877)    related, referring to the “greatest similarity” between this species and A. rostrata and Halosaurus ovenii

Aldrovandia gracilis Goode & Bean 1896    slender, described as a “very slender species”

Aldrovandia mediorostris (Günther 1887)    etymology not explained, either medius, middle, or mediocris, middling; rostris, snout, perhaps referring to “comparatively short snout”

Aldrovandia oleosa Sulak 1977    oily, referring to yellowish oil invested in its flesh

Aldrovandia phalacra (Vaillant 1888)    bald-headed, referring to lack of scales on upper portion of head (above occipital region)

Aldrovandia rostrata (Günther 1878)    beaked, referring to “very much produced” snout

Halosauropsis Collett 1896    opsis, appearance, i.e., similar to Halosaurus but with differently shaped light organs on head and lateral line (disputed by Samuel Garman, who suggested that Collett may have examined damaged specimens), but genus clearly differs from Halosaurus in lacking scales on top of head between eyes and nostrils       

Halosauropsis macrochir (Günther 1878)    macro-, long; cheiros, hand, referring to long pectoral fin, which extends nearly to the “root of the ventral”

Halosaurus Johnson 1864    halos, sea; saurus, lizard, literally a “sea lizard,” probably referring to lizard-like shape

Subgenus Halosaurus                      

Halosaurus attenuatus Garman 1899    tapered, referring to “very attentuate and filamentary” caudal region

Halosaurus guentheri Goode & Bean 1896    in honor of ichthyologist-herpetologist Albert Günther (1830-1914), for “inspiration [in the nascent study of deep-sea fishes] and kindly advice”

Halosaurus johnsonianus Vaillant 1888    anus, belonging to: English naturalist James Yate Johnson (1820-1900), the first (1864) to describe this “curious genus” (translation)

Halosaurus ovenii Johnson 1864    in honor of Richard Owen (1804-1864), Superintendent of the Natural History Departments of the British Museum, “whose investigations in regard to the skeletons of fishes are not the least valuable part of his many contributions to zoological science” [name latinized with “v” instead of “w”]

Halosaurus pectoralis McCulloch 1926    referring to its very long pectoral fins, which distinguishes it from most congeners

Halosaurus radiatus Garman 1899    rayed, referring to numerous branchiostegal rays, which “serve to distinguish this species from any other at present known”

Halosaurus ridgwayi (Fowler 1934)    in honor of the late Robert Ridgway (1850-1929), “with pleasant memories of by gone days in his department of ornithology in the Smithsonian Institution”

Halosaurus sinensis Abe 1974    ensis, suffix denoting place: Sinica (China), specifically the South China Sea, only known distribution

Subgenus Halosaurichthys Alcock 1889    halos, sea; saurus, lizard; ichthys, fish, literally “sea lizard fish,” alluding to lizard-like shape and affinity with Halosaurus

Halosaurus carinicauda (Alcock 1889)    carina, keel; cauda, tail, referring to dorsally keeled tail, crested by a low median fold of skin

4 genera • 11 species

Lipogenys Goode & Bean 1895    lipo-, lacking or wanting; genys, lower jaw, referring to short, “imperfect” lower jaw, lying within sucker-like opening of mouth

Lipogenys gilli Goode & Bean 1895    in honor of Smithsonian zoologist Theodore Gill (1837-1914), who first recognized (and named) this genus in an unpublished manuscript [often but incorrectly spelled with a single terminal “i”]

Notacanthus Bloch 1788    noton, back; acanthus, thorn, referring to isolated dorsal fin spines and no conspicuous soft rays

Notacanthus abbotti Fowler 1934    in honor of naturalist William L. Abbott (1860-1936), “who made many important natural history collections for the U.S. National Museum, including fishes”

Notacanthus bonaparte Risso 1840    patronym not identified but probably in honor of Charles Lucien Bonaparte (1803-1857), who named a barracudina (Arctozenus risso) in honor of Risso the same year

Notacanthus chemnitzii Bloch 1788    in honor of garrison preacher (and conchologist) Johann Hieronimus Chemnitz (1730-1778) of Copenhagen, who supplied Bloch with North Atlantic and Arctic fishes, including type of this one

Notacanthus indicus Lloyd 1909    icus, belonging to: India, referring to distribution in Arabian Sea

Notacanthus sexspinis Richardson 1846    sex, six; spinis, spine, referring to six dorsal fin spines

Notacanthus spinosus Garman 1899    spiny, probably referring to 8-9 “erectile spines” on dorsal surface but perhaps also referring to three “simple spines” on ventral fin and 12-19 spines on anal fin

Polyacanthonotus Bleeker 1874    poly, many; acanthus, thorn; notus, back, referring to isolated dorsal fin spines, more (26-41) than in Notacanthus (6-15)

Polyacanthonotus challengeri (Vaillant 1888)    in honor of HMS Challenger, deep-sea research vessel, from which type was collected

Polyacanthonotus merretti Sulak, Crabtree & Hureau 1984    in honor of ichthyologist Nigel R. Merrett (b. 1940), for his considerable contributions to the systematics and ecology of deep-sea bottom fishes

Polyacanthonotus rissoanus (De Filippi & Verany 1857)    anus, belonging to: Antoine Risso (1777-1845), Italian-French naturalist whose collection supplied type

Tilurus Kölliker 1853    tilos, shred or fiber; oura, tail, referring to tail terminating in a thread [a larval notacanthiform unidentifiable to adult; nevertheless, a legal name applied within the rules of zoological nomenclature and therefore included here]

Tilurus gegenbauri Kölliker 1853    in honor of anatomist Carl (also spelled Karl) Gegenbaur (1826-1903), who collected and/or provided type