Order GONORYNCHIFORMES

COMMENTS
v. 1.3 – 28 Oct. 2016  view/download PDF

4 families • 7 genera • 37 species

Family CHANIDAE Milkfishes

Chanos Lacepède 1803    tautonymous with Mugil chanos (which Lacepède unnecessarily renamed as Chanos arabicus)

Chanos chanos (Forsskål 1775)    open-mouthed, from an ancient Greek name, possibly referring to how it sometimes feeds at surface with open mouth


Family GONORYNCHIDAE Beaked Sandfishes

Gonorynchus Scopoli 1777    tautonymous with Cyprinus gonorynchus

Gonorynchus abbreviatus Temminck & Schlegel 1846     shortened, presumably referring to shorter head compared to G. gonorynchus

Gonorynchus forsteri Ogilby 1911    patronym not identified, possibly in honor of Johann Reinhold Forster (1729-1798), naturalist aboard Captain Cook’s second voyage on HMS Resolution, which first documented the occurrence of Gonorynchus in New Zealand (where this species occurs) in 1769

Gonorynchus gonorynchus (Linnaeus 1766)    gonio-, angle; rhynchus, snout, referring to distinctive angular snout used to dig themselves into sand

Gonorynchus greyi (Richardson 1845)    in honor of Capt. George Grey (1812-1898), Lieutenant-Governor of West Australia, “whose exertions in the cause of Zoology have been productive of several important discoveries,” including this species

Gonorynchus moseleyi Jordan & Snyder 1923    in honor of Edwin Lincoln Moseley (1865-1948), professor of biology, State Normal School at Bowling Green, Ohio, USA, who collected type


Family KNERIIDAE Knerias
4 genera • 30 species

Cromeria Boulenger 1901    ia, belonging to: Lord Cromer (Evelyn Baring, 1841-1917), British Consul-General of Egypt (1883-1907)

Cromeria nilotica Boulenger 1901    ica, belonging to: the upper Nile River basin, East Africa

Cromeria occidentalis Daget 1954    western, referring to distribution in West Africa, west of C. nilotica

Grasseichthys Géry 1964    ichthys, fish, named for entomologist Pierre-Paul Grassé (1895-1985), who led a wildlife inventory in the Ivindo basin (Gabon), during which type species was collected

Grasseichthys gabonensis Géry 1964    ensis, suffix denoting place: Gabon, where it is endemic

Kneria Steindachner 1866    ia, belonging to: Austrian ichthyologist Rudolph Kner (1810-1869), Steindachner’s “revered teacher and friend” (translation)

Kneria angolensis Steindachner 1866    ensis, suffix denoting place: Angola, type locality

Kneria ansorgii (Boulenger 1910)    in honor of explorer William John Ansorge (1850-1913), who collected type

Kneria auriculata (Pellegrin 1905)    eared, referring to well-developed contact organ on gill covers of males

Kneria katangae Poll 1976    of Katanga, referring to type locality in Upemba National Park, Katanga Province, Democratic Republic of Congo

Kneria maydelli Ladiges & Voelker 1961    in honor of Gustav Adolf von Maydell (1919-1959), Zoological Expedition of the University of Hamburg, who collected type

Kneria paucisquamata Poll & Stewart 1975    paucus, few; squama, scale, referring to larger (and, therefore, fewer) scales along lateral line, in a genus in which “small scales are a rule” (translation)

Kneria polli Trewavas 1936    in honor of Belgian ichthyologist Max Poll (1908-1991), who discovered that opercular contact organ was a character of mature males, thus subsuming Xenopomatichthys Pellegrin 1905 into the synonymy of Kneria

Kneria ruaha Seegers 1995    named for Ruaha River drainage, Tanzania, type locality

Kneria rukwaensis Seegers 1995    ensis, suffix denoting place: Lake Rukwa drainage, Tanzania and Zambia, center of its distribution

Kneria sjolandersi Poll 1967    in honor of David Sjölanders (1886-1954, also spelled Sjölander), Swedish adventurer, nature photographer and curator, who led the Angola Expedition (1948-1949) that collected type

Kneria stappersii Boulenger 1915    in honor of Louis Stappers, who led a Belgian expedition to central Africa in 1911-1913 and collected type

Kneria uluguru Seegers 1995    named for Uluguru Mountains, Tanzania, where it appears to be endemic

Kneria wittei Poll 1944    in honor of herpetologist Gaston François De Witte (1897-1980), whose collections in the Congolese state of Katanga helped Poll distinguish between Kneria and Xenopomatichthys (males of Kneria)

Parakneria Poll 1965    para-, near, referring to similarity to Kneria, in which several species had originally been placed

Parakneria abbreviata (Pellegrin 1931)    shortened, described as a variety of P. cameronensis, probably referring to its more compact form (height 5-6 times in length vs. 7-9)

Parakneria cameronensis (Boulenger 1909)    ensis, suffix denoting place: southern Cameroon, type locality

Parakneria damasi Poll 1965    in honor of Hubert Damas (1910-1964), professor, University of Liège (Belgium), who collected type during one of his expeditions in central Africa

Parakneria fortuita Penrith 1973    reflecting the “fortuitous circumstances” (on a Friday the 13th) that were involved in collecting this species: pitching camp on the wrong river and forced to collect there because a burned-down bridge and a washed-out road prevented access to correct river

Parakneria kissi Poll 1969    in honor of hydrobiologist R. Kiss, who collected type

Parakneria ladigesi Poll 1967    in honor of aquarist and ichthyologist Werner Ladiges (1910-1984), director, Zoologisches Staats Instituut and Zoologisches Museum de Hamburg

Parakneria lufirae Poll 1965    of Lufira River, Upemba National Park, Zaire, type locality

Parakneria malaissei Poll 1969    in honor of F. Malaisse, University of Lubumbashi (Democratic Republic of the Congo), who collected type

Parakneria marmorata (Norman 1923)    marbled, referring to yellow-brown coloration on upper half of body, marbled with dark brown

Parakneria mossambica Jubb & Bell-Cross 1974    ica, belonging to: Republic of Mozambique, where it is endemic

Parakneria spekii (Günther 1868)    in honor of soldier and explorer John Hanning Speke (1827-1864), who presented type to the British Museum (Natural History)

Parakneria tanzaniae Poll 1984    of Tanzania, where it is endemic

Parakneria thysi Poll 1965     in honor of Poll’s Musée de l’Afrique Centrale colleague, Dirk Thys van den Audenaerde (b. 1934), who collected in Katanga in “difficult and even dangerous” conditions (translation)

Parakneria vilhenae Poll 1965    in honor of Ernesto de Vilhena (1876-1967), managing director of Angolan Diamond Company, for his support of the study of Angolan zoology


Family PHRACTOLAEMIDAE Snake Mudhead                  

Phractolaemus Boulenger 1901    phraktos, fenced in; laimos, throat, referring to a pair of large bones covering the throat, the right overlapping the left

Phractolaemus ansorgii Boulenger 1901    in honor of explorer William John Ansorge (1850-1913), who collected type