Order GOBIIFORMES: Family GOBIIDAE (a-c)

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v. 5.0 – 6 April 2019  view/download PDF

Family GOBIIDAE Gobies (Acentrogobius through Ctenogobiops)
Taxonomic note: includes taxa formerly included in the families Kraemeriidae, Microdesmidae and Schindleriidae.

Acentrogobius Bleeker 1874    a-, without and kentron, thorn or spine, referring to absence of preopercular spine on A. chlorostigma (=viridipunctatus), compared to presence of that spine on Centrogobius (=Oplopomus); gobius, goby

Acentrogobius andhraensis (Herre 1944)    ensis, suffix denoting place: Andhra, ancient name of area encompassing Vizagapatam, India, type locality

Acentrogobius brevirostris (Günther 1861)    brevis, short; rostris, snout, referring to obtuse snout, as long as orbit

Acentrogobius caninus (Valenciennes 1837)    dog, presumably referring to enlarged teeth in outer row of upper jaw and/or to canine teeth on each side of lower jaw

Acentrogobius cenderawasih Allen & Erdmann 2012    named for Cenderawasih Bay, West Papua, Indonesia, type locality

Acentrogobius chusanensis (Herre 1940)    ensis, suffix denoting place: Chusan Island, China, type locality

Acentrogobius cyanomos (Bleeker 1849)    cyano-, blue; omos, shoulder, referring to blue blotch on shoulder

Acentrogobius dayi Koumans 1941    in honor of Francis Day (1829-1889), Inspector-General of Fisheries in India, who reported this goby as A. brevirostris in 1876 and 1889

Acentrogobius decaryi (Pellegrin 1932)    in honor of biologist Raymond Decary (1891-1973), a colonial administrator in Madagascar, who sent several collections of fishes to the Muséum National d’Histoire naturelle (Paris), including type of this one

Acentrogobius gracilis (Bleeker 1875)    slender, referring to its more elongate body compared to Arenigobius frenatus, its presumed close relative at the time

Acentrogobius griseus (Day 1876)    gray or grayish, but described as “olivaceous, with bands and many well marked deep brown or black spots”

Acentrogobius janthinopterus (Bleeker 1853)    ianthus (with Latin “i” replaced by Roman “j”), purple or violet; pterus, fin, referring to color of fins

Acentrogobius limarius Allen, Erdmann & Hadiaty 2015    of mud, referring to its mud-bottom habitat

Acentrogobius madraspatensis (Day 1868)    ensis, suffix denoting place: Madrasapattinam (Madras Town), precursor to Madras (now Chennai), Tamil Nadu, India, type locality

Acentrogobius masoni (Day 1873)    in honor of Day’s friend, British zoologist James Wood-Mason (1846-1893), Indian Museum (Calcutta)

Acentrogobius mbudyae Nalbant & Mayer 1975    of Mbudya Island, Tanzania, only known area of occurrence

Acentrogobius microps Chu 1963    micro-, small; ops, eye, described as “eye small, 5-6.5 times eye diameter in head length, round in shape, dorsolaterally placed” (translation)

Acentrogobius moloanus (Herre 1927)    anus, belonging to: Molo, Iloilo Province, Panay Island, Philippines, type locality (occurs widely in Western Pacific and Andaman Sea)

Acentrogobius multifasciatus (Herre 1927)    multi-, many; fasciatus, banded, referring to 10-14 narrow dark-brown crossbands, which become black lines on belly

Acentrogobius pellidebilis Lee & Kim 1992    pellis, skin; debilis, feeble, “alluding to the feeble skin” (not mentioned elsewhere in description)

Acentrogobius pflaumii (Bleeker 1853)    in honor of A.K.J.L.W. Pflaum, Surgeon Major, Royal Dutch East Indies Army, who provided type

Acentrogobius quinquemaculatus Allen 2017    quinque, five; maculatus, spotted, referring to five, large brown markings on middle of sides

Acentrogobius signatus (Peters 1855)    marked, presumably referring to any or all of the following: large black-brown spots on body, white-blue spots on cheek and operculum (the former with two blue longitudinal lines), white spots on pectoral fins, numerous vertical spots on tail, large blue-black ocellus on first dorsal fin

Acentrogobius simplex (Sauvage 1880)    onefold or single, allusion not explained nor evident

Acentrogobius suluensis (Herre 1927)    ensis, suffix denoting place: Sulu Province, Philippines, type locality (occurs in eastern Indonesia east to Philippines, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to New Guinea)

Acentrogobius therezieni Kiener 1963     in honor of friend and colleague Y. Thérézien, hydrobiologist, who collected type

Acentrogobius vanderloosi Allen 2015    in honor of Robert (“Rob”) van der Loos (spelled “Vanderloos” by Allen), owner and operator of the live-aboard dive vessel Chertan (Alotau, Papua New Guinea); his generous assistance was instrumental in the discovery of this goby

Acentrogobius veliensis (Geevarghese & John 1982)    ensis, suffix denoting place: Veli estuary in Trivandrum, southwestern coast of Kerala State, India, type locality

Acentrogobius viganensis (Steindachner 1893)    ensis, suffix denoting place: Vigan, Ilocos Sur, Philippines, type locality

Acentrogobius violarisi Allen 2015    in honor of Julius Violaris, owner of Nawe Constructions at Alotau, Papua New Guinea, for “allowing uninterrupted access to the survey site that yielded the new species, and for his generosity in continuing to provide an excellent home base for the Chertan, the live-aboard dive vessel that served as the logistic centre for the trip on which the new species was collected”

Acentrogobius virgatulus (Jordan & Snyder 1901)    diminutive of virgatus, i.e., finely streaked, referring to five narrow, dark, longitudinal streaks on sides

Acentrogobius viridipunctatus (Valenciennes 1837)    viridis, green; punctatus, spotted, referring to “very brilliant metallic green” (translation) spots on body

Afurcagobius Gill 1993    a-, without and furca, fork, referring to lack of forked tongue, the most obvious distinguishing character between this genus and the morphologically similar Glossogobius; gobius, goby

Afurcagobius suppositus (Sauvage 1880)    substituted, being a substitute or replacement name for Gobius obscurus Castelnau 1873, preoccupied by G. obscurus Peters 1855

Afurcagobius tamarensis (Johnston 1883)    ensis, suffix denoting place: Tamar River, Tasmania, Australia, type locality

Akko Birdsong & Robins 1995    Greek for specter, referring to “pallid and unusual appearance” of A. dionaea

Akko brevis (Günther 1864)    short, allusion not explained, possibly referring to its length (described from one specimen “3 inches long” [7.62 cm]), shorter than its presumed congeners in Amblyopus (Oxudercidae, now divided among Gobioides, Odontamblyopus and Taenioides)

Akko dionaea Birdsong & Robins 1995    Dionaea, genus of the Venus Flytrap, referring to appearance of its open mouth and exposed teeth

Akko rossi Van Tassell & Baldwin 2004    in honor of friend and colleague D. Ross Robertson, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Panama, for substantial contributions to our understanding of the diversity of tropical eastern Pacific shorefishes

Aioliops Rennis & Hoese 1987    aiolos, swift, God of the Wind; iops, a small fish, referring to the speed with which these small fishes avoid capture

Aioliops brachypterus Rennis & Hoese 1987    brachy, short; pterus, fin, referring to the relatively short lengths of its dorsal, caudal and pelvic fins

Aioliops megastigma Rennis & Hoese 1987    mega, large; stigma, mark or spot, referring to its large caudal-fin spot

Aioliops novaeguineae Rennis & Hoese 1987    of Papua New Guinea, type locality (also occurs off Indonesia)

Aioliops tetrophthalmus Rennis & Hoese 1987    tetra, four; ophthalmus, eye, referring to four-eyed appearance created by its caudal-fin spot

Amblyeleotris Bleeker 1874    amblys, blunt, referring to “very obtuse and truncated profile” (translation) of A. periophthalma, which was originally placed in Eleotris

Amblyeleotris arcupinna Mohlmann & Munday 1999    arcus, bow; pinna, fin, referring to arc-shaped mark on first dorsal fin

Amblyeleotris aurora (Polunin & Lubbock 1977)    Aurora, Roman goddess of dawn, referring to pattern on caudal fin, “reminiscent of the rising sun”

Amblyeleotris bellicauda Randall 2004    bellus, beautiful; cauda, tail, referring to its strikingly colored caudal fin

Amblyeleotris biguttata Randall 2004    bi-, two; guttata, spotted, referring to pair of prominent black spots on chin

Amblyeleotris bleekeri Chen, Shao & Chen 2006    in honor of Dutch medical doctor and ichthyologist Pieter Bleeker (1819-1878), for “significant” contributions to Indo-Pacific fish research, including authorship of this genus

Amblyeleotris callopareia Polunin & Lubbock 1979    callos, beautiful; pareia, cheek, referring to distinctive coloration on side of head, with three more-or-less vertical golden-yellow stripes

Amblyeleotris cephalotaenia (Ni 1989)    cephalus, head; taenia, band, referring to two black streaks behind eye

Amblyeleotris delicatulus Smith 1958    diminutive of delicatus, delicate or dainty, described from a “fragile” holotype, “damaged, many scales gone”

Amblyeleotris diagonalis Polunin & Lubbock 1979    diagonal, referring to oblique bands on body

Amblyeleotris downingi Randall 1994    in honor of marine biologist Nigel Downing, formerly of the Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, who collected the northern Arabian (Persian) Gulf specimens with Randall and provided logistical support during the latter’s visit to Kuwait

Amblyeleotris ellipse Randall 2004    referring to large elliptical mark in caudal fin

Amblyeleotris fasciata (Herre 1953)    banded, referring to five broad, transverse bands encircling body, brownish in alcohol, probably purple-red or brown in life

Amblyeleotris fontanesii (Bleeker 1853)     honor of Surgeon-Major H. R. F. Fontanes, Dutch East Indian Army physician, who provided a collection of fishes from Bulucumba, Sulawesi, Indonesia, presumably including type of this one

Amblyeleotris guttata (Fowler 1938)    spotted, referring to many variable, mostly large rounded blue-gray spots, more or less ringed with darker brown, on head and body

Amblyeleotris gymnocephala (Bleeker 1853)    gymnos, naked or bare; cephalus, head, referring to its scaleless head

Amblyeleotris harrisorum Mohlmann & Randall 2002    orum, commemorative suffix, plural: in honor of Randall’s friends Hamilton and Nancy Harris (John E. Randall, pers. comm.), who sponsored the authors’ expedition to Kiritimati, or Christmas Island, where this goby is endemic

Amblyeleotris japonica Takagi 1957    Japanese, presumably referring to type locality, Kagoshima Bay, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan (also occurs in Hong Kong)

Amblyeleotris latifasciata Polunin & Lubbock 1979    latus, broad; fasciatus, banded, referring to wider bands on body compared to many related species

Amblyeleotris macronema Polunin & Lubbock 1979    macro-, long; nema, thread, referring to long (third and fourth) spines of first dorsal fin

Amblyeleotris marquesas Mohlmann & Randall 2002    named for the Marquesas Islands, type locality

Amblyeleotris masuii Aonuma & Yoshino 1996    in honor of M. Masui, a collector for Umikawa Coral Fish Shop (Okinawa-jima Island, Japan), who collected type

Amblyeleotris melanocephala Aonuma, Iwata & Yoshino 2000    mela-, black; cephala, head, referring to dark coloration of head

Amblyeleotris memnonia Prokofiev 2016    poetic designation of dark or black color in Ovid, from the name Memnon, mythical king of Ethiopians, referring to uniform dark color of body

Amblyeleotris morishitai Senou & Aonuma 2007    in honor of diver and underwater photographer Osamu Morishita, who discovered this goby

Amblyeleotris neglecta Jaafar & Randall     , referring to the fact that this goby was first collected and photographed 34 years before it was recognized as a new species

Amblyeleotris neumanni Randall & Earle 2006    in honor of Mike Neumann, “fellow diver, underwater photographer and good friend,” who helped collect and photograph this goby

Amblyeleotris novaecaledoniae Goren 1981    of New Caledonia, type locality (also occurs at Papua New Guinea)

Amblyeleotris ogasawarensis Yanagisawa 1978    ensis, suffix denoting place: Ogasawara Islands, Japan, type locality

Amblyeleotris periophthalma (Bleeker 1853)    probably referring to its head, described as “periophthalmoïdeo” (Periophthalmus-like), i.e., similar to blunt head and/or elevated eyes of mudskipper gobies (Oxudercidae)

Amblyeleotris randalli Hoese & Steene 1978    in honor of ichthyologist John E. Randall (b. 1924), Bishop Museum (Honolulu), who brought this goby to the authors’ attention

Amblyeleotris rhyax Polunin & Lubbock 1979    Greek for volcano, referring to its “fiery” colors (e.g., numerous red-edged orange spots on head and body; head and anterior body with three narrow reddish bars)

Amblyeleotris rubrimarginata Mohlmann & Randall 2002    ruber, red; marginata, edged, referring to distinctive bright-red margin on both dorsal fins

Amblyeleotris steinitzi (Klausewitz 1974)    in honor of the late Heinz Steinitz (1909-1971), marine biologist, herpetologist, and founder of the marine laboratory that bears his name, in Eilat, Israel, on the Gulf of Aqaba, where this goby occurs

Amblyeleotris stenotaeniata Randall 2004    stenos, narrow; taeniatus, banded, referring to narrow oblique dark bars on body

Amblyeleotris sungami (Klausewitz 1969)    in honor of ethologist Dietrich B. E. Magnus, who collected type (Sungam is Magnus spelled backwards; why Klausewitz reversed the name is not explained)

Amblyeleotris taipinensis Chen, Shao & Chen 2006    ensis, suffix denoting place: Taipin Island, South China Sea, type locality

Amblyeleotris triguttata Randall 1994    tri-, three; guttata, spotted, referring to its three most prominent dark spots, one on side of nape and two on first dorsal fin

Amblyeleotris wheeleri (Polunin & Lubbock 1977)    in honor of Alwyne C. Wheeler (1929-2005), Curator of Fishes at the British Museum (Natural History), for his help over the years, particularly with the authors’ study of prawn-associated gobies of the Seychelles

Amblyeleotris yanoi Aonuma & Yoshino 1996    in honor of Korechika Yano, diving instructor and underwater photographer (Iriomote Island, Japan), who collected type

Amblygobius Bleeker 1874    amblys, blunt, referring to compressed, convex and blunt head of A. sphynx; gobius, goby

Amblygobius albimaculatus (Rüppell 1830)    albus, white; maculatus, spotted, referring to two series of fine, milky white spots at bases of dorsal fins

Amblygobius buanensis Herre 1927    ensis, suffix denoting place: Buan Island, off eastern coast of Tawitrawi, Philippines, type locality (occurs in western Pacific from Indonesia to Solomon Islands)

Amblygobius bynoensis (Richardson 1844)   ensis, suffix denoting place: Bynoe Harbour, Western Australia, type locality

Amblygobius calvatus Allen & Erdmann 2016    bald, referring to lack of scales on entire nape region

Amblygobius cheraphilus Allen & Erdmann 2016    cheras, silt or detritus; philos, fond of, referring to its mud and silt habitat, sometimes near freshwater-stream mouths

Amblygobius decussatus (Bleeker 1855)    divided crosswise in the form of an X, referring to four longitudinal bands on body, united by crossbars

Amblygobius esakiae Herre 1939    in honor of entomologist Teiso Esaki (1899-1957), Kyushu Imperial University (Fukuoka, Japan), who collected type

Amblygobius linki Herre 1927    in honor of Capt. Francis Link, longtime resident of Jolo, Philippines, for his “indefatigable labors in advancing our knowledge of the Sulu Archipelago, and its fauna, flora, and people”

Amblygobius nocturnus (Herre 1945)    nocturnal, referring to Herre’s observation that this and other “alleged” pelagic gobies of the Pacific live on the bottom and come to the surface only at night

Amblygobius phalaena (Valenciennes 1837)    moth, allusion not explained, perhaps referring to its moth-like coloration, e.g., dark brown edged with white (see also A. sphynx)

Amblygobius semicinctus (Bennett 1833)    semi-, half; cinctus, belt or girdle, referring to six black-margined, vertical blue bands on lower half of body

Amblygobius sewardii (Playfair 1867)    in honor of George E. Seward (d. 1917), Surgeon to the Zanzibar Political Agency (type locality is Zanzibar, Tanzania)

Amblygobius sphynx (Valenciennes 1837)    etymology not explained, presumably named for its sphynx moth-like coloration or appearance, e.g., gray-brown silver with six large brown vertical stripes (see also A. phalaena)

Amblygobius stethophthalmus (Bleeker 1851)    stethos, breast or chest; ophthalmus, eye, allusion not explained nor evident

Amblygobius tekomaji (Smith 1959)    named for Tekomaji Island, Mozambique, western Indian Ocean, type locality

Anatirostrum Iljin 1930    anatinus, of ducks; rostrum, snout, referring to its elongate, duck-bill shaped snout (commonly called the Duck-bill Goby)

Anatirostrum profundorum (Berg 1927)    of the depths, referring to its occurrence at depths below 100 m in the Southern Caspian Sea, Iran

Ancistrogobius Shibukawa, Yoshino & Allen 2010    agkistros, fish hook, referring to short, ventrally directed, spur-like preopercular spine; gobius, goby

Ancistrogobius dipus Shibukawa, Yoshino & Allen 2010    di-, two; pous, foot, referring to widely separated pelvic fins

Ancistrogobius squamiceps Shibukawa, Yoshino & Allen 2010    squama, scale; ceps, head, referring to presence of scales on head (upper part of operculum) and nape

Ancistrogobius yanoi Shibukawa, Yoshino & Allen 2010    in honor of Korechika Yano, Dive Service YANO (Iriomote Island, Japan), who discovered this goby and photographed it underwater, who provided several specimens and habitat information, and helped confirm that it differed from A. yoshigoui

Ancistrogobius yoshigoui Shibukawa, Yoshino & Allen 2010    in honor of zoologist Hidenori Yoshigou, Chugai Technos Co. Ltd. (Hiroshima, Japan), who provided five paratypes and valuable information about this goby

Antilligobius Van Tassell & Tornabene 2012    from the Dutch Antillen, which refers to the region now known as the Antilles or Caribbean Sea, referring to distribution of A. nikkiae; gobius, goby

Antilligobius nikkiae Van Tassell & Colin 2012    in honor of Nicole Laura Schrier, daughter of Adriaan “Dutch” Schrier, owner of the Sea Aquarium in Curaçao, who collected many of the type specimens

Aphia Risso 1827    latinization of aphya, Greek for a small fish or herring, referring to its size; at 44 mm, Risso believed it was the smallest fish in the Mediterranean

Aphia minuta (Risso 1810)    very small, described at 44 mm, “the smallest fish that exists in all our waters [Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea]” (translation)

Arcygobius Larson & Wright 2003    arkys, a net, referring to how A. baliurus is usually collected as bycatch by trawl nets; gobius, goby

Arcygobius baliurus (Valenciennes 1837)    balios, speckled; oura, tail, presumably referring to white dots on caudal-fin rays

Arenigobius Whitley 1930    etymology not explained, perhaps arena, sand, referring to occurrence of A. bifrenatus in burrows on sandy, silty or muddy bottoms; gobius, goby

Arenigobius bifrenatus (Kner 1865)    bi-, two; frenatus, bridled, referring to two oblique dark bands originating on head below eye

Arenigobius frenatus (Günther 1861)    bridled, referring to light-edged blackish band from maxillary to lower pectoral-fin base, with another less-distinct band running parallel to upper pectoral-fin base

Arenigobius leftwichi (Ogilby 1910)    in honor of oyster merchant Richard W. Leftwich, Jr. (1856-1914), of Maryborough (Queensland, Australia), to whom Ogilby was “indebted for many kindnesses”

Aruma Ginsburg 1933    etymology not explained; word does not appear in any of our standard dictionaries

Aruma histrio (Jordan 1884)    harlequin, presumably referring to cross bands on body, as wide as eye

Asterropteryx Rüppell 1830    a-, not; sterrhos, firm or stiff; pteryx, fin, referring to slender and flexible dorsal-fin spines

Asterropteryx atripes Shibukawa & Suzuki 2002    ater, black; pes, foot, referring to its conspicuously black pelvic fins

Asterropteryx bipunctata Allen & Munday 1995    bi-, two; punctatus, spotted, referring to prominent ocellated black spot at base of first three dorsal spines, and a similar spot with orange margin at base of middle caudal-fin rays

Asterropteryx ensifera (Bleeker 1874)    ensis, sword; fero, to bear, referring to bony, spine-like projection at corner of preopercle

Asterropteryx ovata Shibukawa & Suzuki 2007    egg-shaped, referring to large ovoid black spot on base of caudal fin

Asterropteryx profunda Allen & Erdmann 2016    deep, referring to its deep-reef habitat in relation to congeners and most reef-dwelling gobies

Asterropteryx semipunctata Rüppell 1830    semi-, partial; punctata, spotted, allusion not explained, perhaps referring to sky-blue spots, which cover entire body except for lower half of head

Asterropteryx senoui Shibukawa & Suzuki 2007    in honor of Hiroshi Senou, Kanagawa Prefectural Museum of Natural History, who collected some of the paratypes, for his “great” contribution to our knowledge of systematics and distribution of Japanese fishes

Asterropteryx spinosa (Goren 1981)    spiny, referring to five bony, spine-like projections on preopercle

Asterropteryx striata Allen & Munday 1995    striped, referring to its distinctive midlateral stripe

Aulopareia Smith 1945    aulon, groove; pareia, cheek, referring to cheek scales of A. janetae, which are arranged in six horizontal rows separated by narrow grooves or furrows

Aulopareia atripinnata (Smith 1931)    atri-, black; pinnatus, finned, referring to all of its fins being black except for pectorals, which are dusky

Aulopareia janetae Smith 1945    in honor of Smith’s daughter, Janet Elizabeth Claudy

Aulopareia ocellata (Day 1873)    with eye-like spots, referring to yellow ocellus at top of posterior half of caudal fin

Aulopareia spilopterus (Smith 1932)    spilos, spot; pterus, fin, referring to its white-spotted dorsal, caudal and ventral fins

Aulopareia unicolor (Valenciennes 1837)    uni-, one, presumably referring to its uniform tawny-brown body coloration

Austrolethops Whitley 1935    Austro-, an Australian blind goby similar to Lethops (Oxudercidae) [lethos, to forget; ops, eye, referring to poorly developed eyes]

Austrolethops wardi Whitley 1935    in honor of actor, naturalist and marine collector Charles Melbourne Ward (1903-1966), who collected type

Babka Iljin 1927    Russian slang for an old woman or grandmother, and a local name for gobies

Babka gymnotrachelus (Kessler 1857)    gymnos, bare or naked; trachelus, neck, referring to absence of scales on midline of nape, in front of preoperculum

Babka macrophthalma (Kessler 1877)    macro-, large; ophthalmus, eye, referring to its large eyes, their diameter up to in HL in specimens up to 66 mm TL

Barbulifer Eigenmann & Eigenmann 1888    barbula, small barbel; fero, to bear, referring to numerous minute barbels around mouth and chin of B. papillosus (=ceuthoecus)

Barbulifer antennatus Böhlke & Robins 1968    atus, adjectival suffix: antenna, feeler, referring to longer barbels compared to B. ceuthoecus

Barbulifer ceuthoecus (Jordan & Gilbert 1884)    keuthmon, cavity; oikeus, dweller, type specimen taken from the cavity of a sponge

Barbulifer enigmaticus Joyeux, Van Tassell & Macieira 2009    enigmatic, referring to its identity remaining unresolved for many years

Barbulifer mexicanus Hoese & Larson 1985    Mexican, referring to type locality in eastern Pacific of Baja California, México

Barbulifer pantherinus (Pellegrin 1901)    like a panther, presumably referring to its color pattern (irregular brown spots on yellowish-white body)

Barbuligobius Lachner & McKinney 1974    barbula, small barbel, referring to numerous barbels on head; gobius, goby

Barbuligobius boehlkei Lachner & McKinney 1974    in honor of James E. Böhlke (1930-1982), Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, who collected some of the specimens

Bathygobius Bleeker 1878    bathy, deep, allusion not explained nor evident (probably does not refer to water depth since Bleeker proposed genus for B. petrophilus, which he collected by hand from coral rocks); gobius, goby

Bathygobius aeolosoma (Ogilby 1889)    Aelos, god of the winds, or aiolos, shifting, changing, variable; soma, body, allusion not explained nor evident

Bathygobius andrei (Sauvage 1880)    in honor of “André,” who collected type, probably French horticulturalist Édouard François André (1840-1911), who collected plants in South America, including Ecuador (type locality)

Bathygobius antilliensis Tornabene, Baldwin & Pezold 2010    ensis, suffix denoting place: islands of the Antilles, which constitute most of the known range of this goby and the region where it is most abundant

Bathygobius brasiliensis Carvalho-Filo & De Araújo 2017    ensis, suffix denoting place: Brazil, where it is known only from the oceanic islands of Fernando de Noronha and Atol das Rocas

Bathygobius burtoni (O’Shaughnessy 1875)    in honor of Capt. Richard Francis Burton (1821-1890), English explorer, geographer and diplomat, who collected type

Bathygobius casamancus (Rochebrune 1880)    us, adjectival suffix: from Casamance River, Senegal, type locality (occurs along eastern Atlantic from Mauritania to Angola, including Cape Verde and Gulf of Guinea islands)

Bathygobius coalitus (Bennett 1832)    united or grown together, presumably referring to its “subcontinuis” (almost touching) dorsal fins [italics in original]

Bathygobius cocosensis (Bleeker 1854)    ensis, suffix denoting place: Cocos Island/Cocos-Keeling Islands, eastern Indian Ocean, type locality (type specimen now lost)

Bathygobius cotticeps (Steindachner 1879)    cottus, sculpin; ceps, head, presumably referring to its wide, sculpin-like head

Bathygobius curacao (Metzelaar 1919)    named for Curaçao, Lesser Antilles, the island nation where many of Metzelaar’s specimens were collected

Bathygobius cyclopterus (Valenciennes 1837)    cyclo-, circle; pterus, fin, referring to its round ventral fins, similar to Sicydium (Oxudercidae)

Bathygobius fishelsoni Goren 1978    in honor of ecologist and marine biologist Lev Fishelson, Tel-Aviv University, for his “well-known” contributions to the knowledge of the Red Sea, where this goby is endemic to the Gulf of Suez

Bathygobius fuscus (Rüppell 1830)    dark, referring to its uniform liver-brown color in alcohol

Bathygobius geminatus Tornabene, Baldwin & Pezold 2010    paired, doubled or repeated, referring to diagnostic pattern of vertically paired spots that are repeated 6-7 times laterally along its body

Bathygobius hongkongensis Lam 1986    ensis, suffix denoting place: Chung Hum Kok, Hong Kong, type locality

Bathygobius karachiensis Hoda & Goren 1990    ensis, suffix denoting place: Karachi coast of Pakistan, type locality

Bathygobius krefftii (Steindachner 1866)    patronym not identified but probably in honor of Johann Ludwig (Louis) Gerard Krefft (1830-1881), Australian zoologist and paleontologist (this goby is Australian) [although misspelled “kreftii” by Steindachner; “krefftii” is in prevailing usage and does not need to revert to original spelling]

Bathygobius lacertus (Poey 1860)    lizard, allusion not explained nor evident

Bathygobius laddi (Fowler 1931)    in honor of “Dr. H. L. Ladd,” who collected type and other fishes for the Bishop Museum (Honolulu) [although Fowler consistently used the initials “H. L.,” this goby may be named after geologist Harry Stephen Ladd (1899-1982), who went to Fiji (type locality) on a Bishop Museum fellowship in 1925]

Bathygobius lineatus (Jenyns 1841)    lined, referring to 10 “rather indistinct” (in spirits) longitudinal dark lines on body

Bathygobius meggitti (Hora & Mukerji 1936)    in honor of parasitologist F. J. Meggitt, University College (Rangoon), who provided a collection of fishes from Tavoy District, Myanmar, including type of this one

Bathygobius mystacium Ginsburg 1947    mustachioed, allusion not explained, perhaps referring to scattered dark blotches on cheek and jaws

Bathygobius niger (Smith 1960)    black, referring to “almost uniform blackish brown” color in life

Bathygobius panayensis (Jordan & Seale 1907)    ensis, suffix denoting place: Panay Island, Philippines, type locality

Bathygobius petrophilus (Bleeker 1853)    petro, stone; philos, fond of, presumably referring to the coral rocks of Onrust Island, Indonesia, where Bleeker caught this goby by hand

Bathygobius ramosus Ginsburg 1947    branched, referring to “profusely” branched rays (usually the upper five) of pectoral fin

Bathygobius smithi Fricke 1999    in honor of ichthyologist-chemist J.L.B. Smith (1897-1968), Rhodes University (Grahamstown, South Africa), who described this goby in 1960 but used a name (Pyosicus niger) now secondarily preoccupied in Bathygobius by Gobius nigri Günther 1861

Bathygobius soporator (Valenciennes 1837)    sleeper, referring to its local name in Martinique (type locality), presumed to be related or similar to the sleeper gobies of Eleotris and Dormitator (Eleotridae)

Benthophiloides Beling & Iljin 1927    oides, having the form of: Benthophilus, to which it is presumed to be closely related

Benthophiloides brauneri Beling & Iljin 1927    in honor of Ukrainian zoologist Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Brauner (1857-1941), who collected type

Benthophiloides turcomanus (Iljin 1941)    anus, belonging to: Turkmenistan side of Caspian Sea, syntype locality

Benthophilus Eichwald 1831    benthos, of the deep; philos, loving, presumably referring to occurrence of B. macrocephalus in bays of the Caspian Sea, moving into deeper water (20-25 m) during winter months

Benthophilus abdurahmanovi Ragimov 1978    in honor of Yu. A. Abdurakhmanov, “one of the leading” (translation) ichthyologists of Azerbaijan

Benthophilus baeri Kessler 1877    in memory of Baltic-German Russian biologist Karl Ernst von Baer (1792-1876), who collected some of the type series, for his “great contributions to the natural-history study of the Caspian Sea” (translation)

Benthophilus casachicus Ragimov 1978    icus, belonging to: latinization of Kazakh, referring to Kenderli Spit, located at end of Kazakh Bay, middle Caspian Sea, type locality

Benthophilus ctenolepidus Kessler 1877    cteno-, comb; lepidos, scale, presumably referring to bony tubercles or scutes on body, which resemble ctenoid scales

Benthophilus durrelli Boldyrev & Bogutskaya 2004    in honor of Gerald (here spelled Jerald) Durrell (1925-1995), the “famous English animal writer”

Benthophilus granulosus Kessler 1877    granulated, referring to minute uniform granules densely covering body and head

Benthophilus grimmi Kessler 1877    in honor of Russian ichthyologist Oscar von Grimm, who collected type

Benthophilus kessleri Berg 1927    in honor of German-Russian zoologist Karl Fedorovich Kessler (1815-1881); proposed as a variety of B. grimmi, which Kessler described in 1877

Benthophilus leobergius Berg 1949    latinization of Leo Berg, in honor of ichthyologist Lev (also Leo) Semyonovich Berg (1876-1950) [name proposed by Iljin (1949) but made available by Berg, who therefore becomes author of a name honoring himself]

Benthophilus leptocephalus Kessler 1877    leptos, narrow; cephalus, head, its width of its length

Benthophilus leptorhynchus Kessler 1877    leptos, narrow; rhynchos, snout, referring to elongate snout

Benthophilus macrocephalus (Pallas 1787)    macro-, large; cephalus, head, referring to its large, sculpin-like head

Benthophilus magistri Iljin 1927    teacher, allusion not explained, but here is a guess (per Ronald Fricke, pers. comm.): in honor of Iljin’s teacher, Caspian Sea biologist Nikolai Mikhailovich Knipovich (1862-1938), whom Iljin had honored with the new genus Knipowitschia in the same paper

Benthophilus mahmudbejovi Ragimov 1976    in honor of Azerbajianian ichthyologist A. A. Mahmudbekov, who devoted his life to the study of the Caspian Sea (where this goby occurs)

Benthophilus nudus Berg 1898    bare or naked, proposed as a variety of B. macrocephalus in which sexually mature males lose their scales

Benthophilus pinchuki Ragimov 1982    in honor of ichthyologist Vitaly Iustinovich Pinchuk (1931-1992), USSR Academy of Sciences, who collaborated with Ragimov on the description of B. svetovidovi in 1979

Benthophilus ragimovi Boldyrev & Bogutskaya 2004    in honor of the late Dadash Ragimov (1932-1992), “well-known” ichthyologist and “expert” in Caspian gobiid fishes

Benthophilus spinosus Kessler 1877    spiny, referring to three rows of spines on trunk

Benthophilus stellatus (Sauvage 1874)    starry, referring to stellate tubercles on cheek

Benthophilus svetovidovi Pinchuk & Ragimov 1979    in honor of Soviet ichthyologist Anatolii Nikolaevich Svetovidov (1903-1985), for his significant contributions to the study of Caspian fishes

Bollmannia Jordan 1890    ia, belonging to: Jordan’s late colleague, naturalist Charles Harvey Bollman (1868-1889), “whose untimely death while engaged in the exploration of the rivers of Georgia, took place while this paper was passing through the press” (Bollmann died of dysentery contracted while collecting fish in the swamps of Waycross, Georgia, USA)

Bollmannia boqueronensis Evermann & Marsh 1899    ensis, suffix denoting place: Ensenada del Boqueron, Puerto Rico, type locality

Bollmannia chlamydes Jordan 1890    cloaked, allusion not explained, possibly referring to its “very large” ctenoid scales

Bollmannia communis Ginsburg 1942    common, “evidently a common species” in the Gulf of Mexico between Padre Island, Texas, and the Mississippi Delta

Bollmannia eigenmannorum (Garman 1896)    in honor of the “distinguished” ichthyologists Carl H. Eigenmann (1863-1927) and his wife Rosa (1858-1947), “who have added so much to our knowledge of the American Gobiidae” [originally spelled eigenmanni, but since name honors more than one person, emendment is necessary]

Bollmannia gomezi Acero P. 1981    in honor of Acero’s professor and friend, Alfredo Gómez Gaspar, who “stimulated” his interest in ichthyology

Bollmannia litura Ginsburg 1935    erasure, blot or blur, presumably referring to median series of five diffuse, very faint blotches, then believed to be unique to the genus (B. marginalis also has blotches)

Bollmannia macropoma Gilbert 1892    macro-, large; poma, lid, referring to its “conspicuously larger” opercle compared to B. ocellata

Bollmannia marginalis Ginsburg 1939    marginal, differing from all congeners known at the time in having a dorsal spot on margin of first dorsal fin

Bollmannia ocellata Gilbert 1892    having little eyes, referring to black spot on first dorsal fin, “conspicuously ocellated with white”

Bollmannia stigmatura Gilbert 1892    stigma, mark or spot; oura, tail, referring to roundish dusky spot at base of caudal fin

Bollmannia umbrosa Ginsburg 1939    shady, presumably referring to black blotch on first dorsal fin and/or black marginal band on upper lip

Bryaninops Smith 1959    ops, appearance, “related” (and presumably similar) to Bryanina (=Sicyopterus)

Bryaninops amplus Larson 1985    large, referring to larger maximum size compared to known congeners at the time

Bryaninops annella Suzuki & Randall 2014    referring to the large sea fan Annella mollis, with which it is commensal

Bryaninops dianneae Larson 1985    in honor of Dianne Bray, Australian Museum, who collected type

Bryaninops discus Suzuki, Bogorodsky & Randall 2012    dish or dish-like, referring to flat pelvic fins of adults

Bryaninops earlei Suzuki & Randall 2014    in honor of John L. Earle, Association for Marine Exploration, who discovered this goby and collected type with second author

Bryaninops erythrops (Jordan & Seale 1906)    erythros, red; ops, eye, referring to rosy color around pupil

Bryaninops isis Larson 1985    Isis, host gorgonian for this species-specific goby

Bryaninops loki Larson 1985    named after the legendary Old Norse god Loki, who was a “rather enigmatic trickster,” presumably referring to its cryptic coloration, matching the gorgonian sea fans and whips on which it is most often found

Bryaninops natans Larson 1985    swimming or floating, referring to its hovering behavior, in contrast to the clinging, cryptic habits of other congeners

Bryaninops nexus Larson 1987    tied or bound together, referring to fused anterior and posterior nostrils, leaving an oval area with a raised rim

Bryaninops ridens Smith 1959    laughing or smiling, allusion not explained, perhaps referring to large mouth (illustration that accompanies description does appear to show this goby “smiling”)

Bryaninops spongicolus Suzuki, Bogorodsky & Randall 2012    spongi-, sponge; –cola, dweller or inhabitant, i.e., living commensally on a sponge

Bryaninops tectus Suzuki & Randall 2014    secret, hidden or disguised, referring to its being misidentified as B. loki

Bryaninops tigris Larson 1985    tiger, referring to brown and golden colors in life and its secretive behavior

Bryaninops translucens Suzuki & Randall 2014    named for its translucent coloration in life

Bryaninops yongei (Davis & Cohen 1969)    in honor of British marine zoologist Maurice Yonge (1899-1986), the authors’ shipmate on cruise that collected type

Buenia Iljin 1930    ia, belonging to: Iljin’s “eminent colleague” (translation) in the study of gobies, Spanish ichthyologist and oceanographer Fernando de Buen y Lozano  (1895-1962)

Buenia affinis Iljin 1930    related, originally referring to Gobius affinis Kolombatović 1891, which Iljin misidentified when he established it as type species of Buenia; furthermore, G. affinis is preoccupied by G. affinis Eichwald 1831, but no one has established a new type species nor a replacement name, so Buenia affinis is retained until name and authorship are clarified

Buenia jeffreysii (Günther 1867)    in honor of British conchologist and malacologist John Gwyn Jeffreys (1809-1885), who collected type while dredging for invertebrates

Buenia lombartei Kovačić, Ordines & Schliewen 2018    in honor of fisheries biologist Antoni Lombarte, Institut de Ciències del Mar-CSIC (Barcelona), who collected the first specimen (paratype) among trawl debris despite its small size

Buenia massutii Kovačić, Ordines & Schliewen 2017    in honor of marine biologist Enric Massutí, Instituto Español de Oceanografía in the Centre Oceanogràfic de les Balears, for his dedication to the study of benthic habitats in the circalittoral bottoms of the Balearic Islands

Cabillus Smith 1959    etymology not explained; name does not appear in any of our Latin and Greek dictionaries

Cabillus atripelvicus Randall, Sakamoto & Shibukawa 2007    ater, black; pelvicus, pelvic, referring to its “very dark” pelvic fins

Cabillus caudimacula Greenfield & Randall 2004    cauda, tail; macula, spot, referring to prominent black blotch posteriorly on body and caudal-fin base

Cabillus lacertops Smith 1959    lacerta, lizard; ops, appearance, allusion not explained, presumably referring to what Smith perceived as a lizard-like appearance

Cabillus macrophthalmus (Weber 1909)    macro-, large; opthalmus, eye, referring to its large eyes, which raise above the head profile and touch each other, their diameter 3.5 times in head length

Cabillus nigromarginatus Kovačić & Bogorodsky 2013    nigro-, black; marginatus, margined, referring to color pattern of predorsal area and dorsal saddles

Cabillus nigrostigmus Kovačić & Bogorodsky 2013    nigro-, black; stigmus, mark or spot, referring to distinctive black mark in lower posterior of first dorsal fin

Cabillus pexus Shibukawa & Aizawa 2013    comb, referring to enlarged ctenii on a pair of scales at base of caudal fin

Cabillus tongarevae (Fowler 1927)    of Tongareva (now called Penrhyn Island), northern Cook Islands, South Pacific, type locality

Caffrogobius Smitt 1900    proposed as a subgenus of Gobius, etymology not explained, probably alluding to caffer, an inhabitant of the Eastern Cape of South Africa (historically known as Kaffraria), type locality of type species, C. nudiceps [see also C. caffer, below]

Caffrogobius agulhensis (Barnard 1927)    ensis, suffix denoting place: Agulhas Bank, off East London, South Africa, type locality

Caffrogobius caffer (Günther 1874)    an inhabitant of the Eastern Cape of South Africa (historically known as Kaffraria), referring to type locality at Port Elizabeth (today “caffer” is a highly offensive term used by white South Africans to describe black South Africans, equivalent to the “n-word” in the United States)

Caffrogobius dubius (Smith 1959)    doubtful or uncertain, allusion not explained, perhaps referring to Smith’s initial placement of it in Coryphopterus, a “doubtful ‘catch-all’ genus”

Caffrogobius gilchristi (Boulenger 1898)    in honor of a Scottish-born South African ichthyologist John Dow Fisher Gilchrist (1866-1926), who discovered this goby and the dragonet Callionymus (now Paracallionymus) costatus

Caffrogobius natalensis (Günther 1874)    ensis, suffix denoting place: Port of Natal (now called Durban), South Africa, type locality

Caffrogobius nudiceps (Valenciennes 1837)    nudus, naked or bare; ceps, head, referring to scaleless head, most of nape, and base of chest

Caffrogobius saldanha (Barnard 1927)    named for Saldanha Bay, South Africa, type locality

Callogobius Bleeker 1874    callo-, beautiful, allusion not explained, perhaps referring to color of type species, C. hasseltii (reddish-green above, orange below, clouded with black, fins yellow) and/or lanceolate caudal fin; gobius, goby

Callogobius amikami Goren, Miroz & Baranes 1991    in honor of Amikam Gorovitch (no other information available), who was killed in a diving accident in Eilat, Israel, type locality

Callogobius andamanensis Menon & Chatterjee 1974    ensis, suffix denoting place: Middle Andaman Island, Andaman Sea, type locality

Callogobius bauchotae Goren 1979    in honor of Marie-Louise Bauchot (b. 1928), ichthyologist, Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle (Paris), who co-sponsored Marshall Island expedition that collected type

Callogobius bifasciatus (Smith 1958)    bi-, two; fasciatus, banded, referring to broad orange-brown bar below first dorsal fin, extending onto front of fin, and a second similar bar, more oblique, between second dorsal fin and hind part of anal fin, extending into basal front of dorsal and over hind part of anal

Callogobius bothriorrhynchus (Herzenstein 1896)    bothrion, diminutive of bothros, pit or trench; rhynchus, snout, allusion not explained, perhaps referring to visible pores on head

Callogobius centrolepis Weber 1909    centrum, spine and/or midpoint of a circle; lepis, scale, presumably referring to ctenoid scales at tail and posterior half of body, “with a few large spines [ctenii], [the scales] almost circular and with a central point, placed a little off-center, from which the channels [radii] radiate” (translation)

Callogobius clarkae (Goren 1978)    in honor of ichthyologist Eugenie Clark (1922-2015), University of Maryland, for her “outstanding” contributions to the knowledge of the fishes of the Red Sea (where this goby occurs) [originally and often incorrectly spelled clarki]

Callogobius clitellus McKinney & Lachner 1978    pack-saddle, referring to dark saddles and bars on head, trunk and fins

Callogobius crassus McKinney & Lachner 1984    thick, fat or stout, referring to its stout body

Callogobius depressus (Ramsay & Ogilby 1886)    referring to “very much depressed” head

Callogobius dori Goren 1980    in honor of Menachem Dor (1901-1998), for his contribution to the knowledge of fishes of the Red Sea (where this goby occurs)

Callogobius flavobrunneus (Smith 1958)    flavus, yellow; brunneus, brown, referring to olive to yellow-brown color in life, with distally yellow dorsal fins, yellowish pectoral and yellow throat

Callogobius hasseltii (Bleeker 1851)    in honor of Dutch physician and biologist Johan Coenraad van Hasselt (1797-1823), who explored the colonial Dutch East Indies with his friend Heinrich Kuhl in 1820; Bleeker described this goby based on their illustration

Callogobius hastatus McKinney & Lachner 1978    like a spear, referring to elongate, spear-shaped caudal fin

Callogobius illotus (Herre 1927)    dirty, “papillae on head are dark or blackish, giving the appearance of adhering dirt or trash”

Callogobius irrasus (Smith 1959)    unshaved, allusion not explained, perhaps referring to “many papillate ridges” on head

Callogobius kuderi (Herre 1943)    in honor of Edward M. Kuder, Division Superintendent of Schools in the Philippines, whose “generous cooperation” made possible Herre’s visit to a group of small isles west of Jolo, Sulu Province, type locality

Callogobius maculipinnis (Fowler 1918)    macula, spot; pinna, fin, referring to dark-colored fins with whitish bars or spots

Callogobius mannarensis Rangarajan 1970    ensis, suffix denoting place: Gulf of Mannar, southern India, type locality

Callogobius mucosus (Günther 1872)    slimy, referring to “thick mucous covering, which envelopes all parts and forms on the snout and sides of the head”

Callogobius nigromarginatus Chen & Shao 2000    nigro-, black; marginatus, margined, referring to blackish stripe at outer margin of anal and caudal fins

Callogobius okinawae (Snyder 1908)    of Okinawa Island, Japan, type locality (but occurs in western Pacific from Vietnam to Marshall Islands and Vanuatu, and northeastern Australia to Ryukyu Islands)

Callogobius pilosimentum Delventhal, Mooi, Bogorodsky & Mal 2016    pilosus, hairy; mentum, chin, referring to extra rows of papillae on chin

Callogobius plumatus (Smith 1959)    plumed or covered with feathers, allusion not explained nor evident

Callogobius producta (Herre 1927)    elongated, referring to “long-drawn-out body, caudal, and pectoral”

Callogobius santa (Herre 1935)    latinization of Santo, referring to the island, Espiritu Santo (commonly called Santo), Vanuatu, type locality

Callogobius sclateri (Steindachner 1879)    patronym not identified, perhaps in honor of lawyer and zoologist Philip L. Sclater (1829-1913), Secretary of the Zoological Society of London and a pioneer in zoogeography

Callogobius seshaiyai Jacob & Rangarajan 1960    in honor of R. V. Seshaiya, Centre of Advanced Study in Marine Biology (Annamalai University, Porto Novo, India), “in appreciation of his devotion to zoology”

Callogobius sheni Chen, Chen & Fang 2006    in honor of Shih (or Shieh)-Chieh Shen, National Taiwan University, for his “great” contribution to ichthyology in Taiwan, where this goby occurs

Callogobius shunkan (Takagi 1957)    named for Shunkan Sôzu (1142-1179), a Buddhist sub-bishop and a tragic hero in Japanese historical literature [presumably a noun in apposition without the patronymic “i”]

Callogobius snelliusi Koumans 1953    in honor of the Dutch hydrographic research vessel Snellius, which collected type

Callogobius snyderi (Fowler 1946)    in honor of the late John Otterbein Snyder (1867-1943), for his papers on Riu Kiu (Ryukyu, Japan) fishes

Callogobius stellatus McKinney & Lachner 1978    starry, allusion not explained, presumably referring to four, dark narrow stripes radiating from eye

Callogobius tanegasimae (Snyder 1908)    of Tanegashima, Osumi Islands, Japan, type locality [note spelling, without “h”]

Callogobius trifasciatus Menon & Chatterjee 1976    tri-, three; fasciatus, banded, referring to three distinct, darker and broad transverse bands, below first dorsal fin, below hinder part of second dorsal fin, and at caudal peduncle

Callogobius tutuilae (Jordan & Seale 1906)    of Pago Pago, Tutuila Island, American Samoa, type locality

Callogobius winterbottomi Delventhal & Mooi 2013    in honor of Richard Winterbottom, Royal Ontario Museum, who helped collect type; in addition, he has “made substantial contributions to the systematics of gobies and other Indo-Pacific fishes, and to the development of both authors’ respective careers”

Carrigobius Van Tassell, Tornabene & Gilmore 2016    Carrie, referring to Carrie-Bow Cay, Belize, home of the Smithsonian Institution’s field station, where many specimens of C. amblyrhynchus were collected; gobius, goby

Carrigobius amblyrhynchus (Smith & Baldwin 1999)    amblys, blunt or obtuse; rhynchus, snout or muzzle, referring to blunt anterior profile of head

Caspiosoma Iljin 1927    Caspio-, referring to occurrence in the Caspian Sea; –soma, abridgement of Gobiosoma, referring to previous placement of C. caspium in that genus

Caspiosoma caspium (Kessler 1877)    named for the Caspian Sea, type locality (also occurs in northern Black Sea and Sea of Azov)

Cerdale Jordan & Gilbert 1882    wary, crafty or fox-like, allusion not explained, perhaps referring to its quick and agile burrowing behavior, especially when disturbed

Cerdale fasciata Dawson 1974    striped, referring to prominent dark stripes on preserved specimens (“either absent in live holotype or inconspicuous and masked by the striking combination” of a broad chalk-white stripe extending from eye to caudal fin base, margined above and below by golden-yellow which continues over abdomen, pre-dorsum and remainder of head)

Cerdale floridana Longley 1934    ana, belonging to, Dry Tortugas, Florida, USA, type locality (distributed from southern Florida and the Bahamas, south through the Antilles, and on mainland coasts of Costa Rica and Panama)

Cerdale ionthas Jordan & Gilbert 1882    freckled, referring to back and sides “very finely marked with clusters of fine dots”

Cerdale paludicola Dawson 1974    paludis, marsh or swamp; cola, to inhabit, referring to its mangrove swamp habitat

Cerdale prolata Dawson 1974    extended, referring to high dorsal- and anal-fin ray and vertebral counts compared to congeners

Cerogobius Kovačić, Bogorodsky, Troyer & Tornabene 2019    ceros, horn, referring to horn-like tentacle on head; gobius, goby

Cerogobius petrophilus Kovačić, Bogorodsky, Troyer & Tornabene 2019    petro, stone; philos, fond of, referring to its rocky habitat (rubble-sand patches at base of isolated coral blocks)

Chriolepis Gilbert 1892    chrio-, want or lack; lepid, scale, referring to absence of scales on C. minutillus

Chriolepis atrimelum Bussing 1997    atri-, black; melon, cheek, referring to large black opercular blotch

Chriolepis cuneata Bussing 1990    wedge-shaped, referring to five dark, narrow crossbars on body, usually vertical, typically expanded dorsally, especially on dorsal midline, giving a saddle-like appearance to each

Chriolepis dialepta Bussing 1990    distinguishable, allusion not explained, perhaps referring to several unique pale spots on cheek and opercle, which distinguish it from the similar C. lepidota

Chriolepis fisheri Herre 1942    in honor of Walter K. Fisher (1878-1953), director, Hopkins Marine Station, Stanford University, who collected type

Chriolepis lepidota Findley 1975    scaly, referring to its more extensive squamation compared to congeners in the eastern tropical Pacific known at the time

Chriolepis minutilla Gilbert 1892    minute or very small, type specimen described at 2.54 cm

Chriolepis roosevelti (Ginsburg 1939)    in honor of Franklin D. Roosevelt (1882-1945), President of the United States (1933-1945)

Chriolepis semisquamata (Rutter 1904)    semi-, partial; squamata, scaled, referring to scaleless body anteriorly, scaled behind origin of second dorsal fin and tip of depressed pectoral fins

Chriolepis tagus Ginsburg 1953    named for Tagus Cove, Albemarle Island, Galápagos Islands, type locality

Chriolepis zebra Ginsburg 1938    referring to its “striking, sharply marked” banded color pattern, like that of a zebra

Chromogobius de Buen 1930    chroma-, color, presumably referring to two color varieties of C. quadrivittatus; Gobius, proposed as a subgenus of this genus

Chromogobius britoi Van Tassell 2001    in honor of Alberto Brito Hernández (b. 1954), University of Laguna (Tenerife, Canary Islands), for numerous contributions to the study of fishes of the Canary Islands

Chromogobius quadrivittatus (Steindachner 1863)    quadri-, four; vittatus, banded, presumably referring to four white transverse bands across back and upper part of body; according to Steindachner’s more detailed redescription in 1868, the first band is narrow and immediately behind eyes, the second (widest) band extends from posterior of head almost to spine of first dorsal fin, the third band falls between the dorsal fins, and the fourth (smallest, blotch-like) band is just behind center of second dorsal

Chromogobius zebratus (Kolombatović 1891)    zebra-like, presumably referring to five conspicuous pale saddles across back, like the stripes of a zebra

Clarkichthys Smith 1958    in honor of H. Walton Clark (1870-1941), Curator of Ichthyology, California Academy of Sciences, who described type species, C. bilineatus, in 1936; ichthys, fish

Clarkichthys bilineatus (Clark 1936)    bi-, two; lineatus, lined, referring to long narrow black line along each side of dorsal beginning near tip of snout, and a somewhat broader line extending from very tip of snout across cheek and along middle side to tip of tail

Corcyrogobius Miller 1972    derived from Corcyra Negra, ancient Roman name for Korcˇula, a Croation island in the Adriatic Sea, type locality of C. liechtensteini; gobius, goby

Corcyrogobius liechtensteini (Kolombatović 1891)    in honor of Johann Maria Franz Placidus (1840-1929), Prince Johann II of Liechtenstein, for his support of the natural sciences

Corcyrogobius lubbocki Miller 1988    in honor of the late Hugh Roger Lubbock (1951-1981), marine biologist, who collected type, for his work on gobioid systematics [Lubbock died in a car crash in Rio de Janeiro just shy of his 30th birthday]

Coryogalops Smith 1958    etymology not explained nor evident, but here is a guess: cory[sto]-, head or cory[tho]-, helmet; ogalo, ogle; ops, eye, referring to “dorsal, virtually contiguous” eyes of C. anomolus

Coryogalops adamsoni (Goren 1985)    in honor of Thomas A. Adamson, formerly of the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, for his “genuine” interest in Indo-West Pacific fishes and his “valuable” contributions to ichthyology

Coryogalops anomolus Smith 1958    unusual, irregular or different, etymology not explained nor evident

Coryogalops bretti Goren 1991    in honor of Gregg Brett (East London Museum, South Africa), who helped collect type

Coryogalops bulejiensis (Hoda 1983)    ensis, suffix denoting place: Buleji, Karachi coast, Pakistan, type locality

Coryogalops guttatus Kovačić & Bogorodsky 2014    spotted, referring to distinctive orange spot on many longitudinal row scales on lower part of body of living and freshly dead specimens

Coryogalops monospilus Randall 1994    mono-, one; spilos, spot, referring to black spot on first dorsal fin, its most conspicuous color marking

Coryogalops nanus Kovačić & Bogorodsky 2016    small or dwarf, referring to its small size (up to 15.2 mm SL) compared to congeners

Coryogalops ocheticus (Norman 1927)    presumably a latinization of ochetos, Greek for aqueduct or conduit, referring to Suez Canal, type locality

Coryogalops pseudomonospilus Kovačić & Bogorodsky 2014    pseudo-, false, i.e., although similar in coloration with C. monospilus, such an appearance is false

Coryogalops sordidus (Smith 1959)    dirty, presumably referring to coloration, “brownish, irregularly speckled dark, fins mottled dusky, dark spot on upper part of pectoral base, pelvics dusky”

Coryogalops tessellatus Randall 1994    tessellated, i.e., inlaid with small square stones, referring to checkered color pattern on ventral half of body

Coryogalops william (Smith 1948)    etymology not explained, perhaps in honor of Smith’s son William (now a popular television science and mathematics teacher in South Africa) [presumably a noun in apposition, without the patronymic “i”]

Coryphopterus Gill 1863    corypho-, top; pterus, fin, referring to “distinct” dorsal fins of C. glaucofraenum: “the first with six spines, all flexible, the third generally longest, the sixth remote; second oblong, generally increasing backwards, and with most of its rays having an anterior simple and a posterior forked branch; the last ray free”

Coryphopterus alloides Böhlke & Robins 1960    of different form, referring to ventral fins entirely separate, without trace of frenum between spines and with a very reduced membrane between innermost rays

Coryphopterus curasub Baldwin & Robertson 2015    named for the manned submersible Curasub (which collected type), owned and operated by Substation Curaçao, for its contributions to increasing our knowledge of the Caribbean deep-reef fish fauna

Coryphopterus dicrus Böhlke & Robins 1960    Greek for cloven, referring to its partially split ventral disc

Coryphopterus eidolon Böhlke & Robins 1960    Greek for apparition, referring to its lack of pigmentation

Coryphopterus glaucofraenum Gill 1863    glaucus, hoary blue; fraenum, bridle, referring to a straight blue line crossing cheek, continuing, after interruption, to operculum

Coryphopterus hyalinus Böhlke & Robins 1962    hyalinos, glass, referring to its transparent nature

Coryphopterus kuna Victor 2007    named for the Kuna indigenous people of the Kuna Yala, region of Atlantic Panama where type was collected, for their cooperation in marine biological research

Coryphopterus lipernes Böhlke & Robins 1962    outcast, referring to its solitary habits, living on and about coral, apparently not gathering in school like C. personatus

Coryphopterus personatus (Jordan & Thompson 1905)    masked, referring to dark snout, upper lip and region just below eye; this area extends behind upper and lower posterior quadrants of eye to suggest a mask

Coryphopterus punctipectophorus Springer 1960    punctum, spot; pecto-, pectoral; phorus, carrying, referring to spot on base of pectoral fin

Coryphopterus thrix Böhlke & Robins 1960    Greek for hair, referring to filamentous second spine of dorsal fin

Coryphopterus tortugae (Jordan 1904)    of Garden Key, Dry Tortugas, Florida, USA, type locality

Coryphopterus urospilus Ginsburg 1938    oura, tail; spilos, mark or spot, referring to “sharply marked,” very dark spot on base of caudal fin

Coryphopterus venezuelae Cervigón 1966    of Laguna Grande, Gulf of Cariaco, Venezuela, type locality

Cristatogobius Herre 1927    cristatus, having a comb, referring to high, thin and skinny crest on nape of C. lophius; gobius, goby

Cristatogobius albius Chen 1959    white, referring to its uniformly gray color in formalin, without any markings on the sides

Cristatogobius aurimaculatus Akihito & Meguro 2000    aureus, golden; maculatus, spotted, referring to yellow spots on dorsal and caudal fins

Cristatogobius lophius Herre 1927    crest, referring to high, thin and skinny crest on nape

Cristatogobius nonatoae (Ablan 1940)    in honor of Susana G. Nonato, Ablan’s wife, who collected type

Cristatogobius rubripectoralis Akihito, Meguro & Sakamoto 2003    rubrus, red; pectoralis, pectoral, referring to red area on middle to lower part of pectoral fins

Croilia Smith 1955    ia, belonging to: J. Croil Morgans, who collected type; he “observed these agile small creatures while diving, and it was only with great difficulty that he caught them, for they live in burrows in the bottom, to which they retire when startled”

Croilia mossambica Smith 1955    ica, belonging to: southern Mozambique, where it occurs in saline coastal lakes

Cryptocentroides Popta 1922    oides, having the form of: Cryptocentrus, which it resembles but differs in lower number of lateral-line scales, sometimes having only ctenoid (rather than both ctenoid and cycloid) scales, and a shorter caudal fin

Cryptocentroides arabicus (Gmelin 1789)    Arabian, described from Red Sea of Saudi Arabia (no types known)

Cryptocentroides gobioides (Ogilby 1886)    named for its “very strong dentition and the obliquity of its mouth, which gives it a strong outward resemblance” to the gobies of Gobioides (Oxudercidae)

Cryptocentroides insignis (Seale 1910)    marked or conspicuous, referring to its “very striking and characteristic” color markings (oblique bands of brown alternating with yellowish on posterior half of body and eight large, dark spots along back)

Cryptocentroides magnusi (Klausewitz 1968)    in honor of ethologist D.B.E. Magnus, who collected type while studying the symbiosis between different gobies and the shrimp Alpheus djiboutensis

Cryptocentrus Valenciennes 1837    presumably tautonymous with Gobius cryptocentrus; crypto-, hidden; kentron, spine, referring to a concealed point or projection on preopercle

Cryptocentrus albidorsus (Yanagisawa 1978)    albus, white; dorsus, back, referring to broad white band running from tip of mouth and snout to caudal peduncle along upper third of body

Cryptocentrus altipinna Hoese 2019    altus, high; pinna, fin, referring to very high first dorsal fin

Cryptocentrus bulbiceps (Whitley 1953)    bulbus, bulb; ceps, head, referring to bulging cheeks and chin

Cryptocentrus caeruleomaculatus (Herre 1933)    caeruleus, blue; maculatus, spotted, referring to small “pearl blue” spots scattered over body

Cryptocentrus caeruleopunctatus (Rüppell 1830)    caeruleus, blue; punctatus, spotted, referring to blue spots on body and anal fin

Cryptocentrus callopterus Smith 1945    callo-, beautiful; pterus, fin, a “strikingly beautiful” goby with jet-black ocellus ringed by white and blue on pale-orange first dorsal fin; orange spots surrounded by pale yellow on second dorsal fin; brown margin and brown longitudinal line near base of anal fin; pastel tints of brown, blue and yellow in lengthwise bands on caudal fin; purplish-black ventral fins; and hyaline pectoral fins

Cryptocentrus cebuanus Herre 1927    anus, belonging to Cebu Island, Philippines, type locality (occurs in western Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean from Indonesia to Philippines and Australia)

Cryptocentrus cinctus (Herre 1936)    belt or girdle, presumably referring to three blackish crossbands on dusky brown body

Cryptocentrus cryptocentrus (Valenciennes 1837)    crypto-, hidden; kentron, spine, referring to a concealed point or projection on preopercle

Cryptocentrus cyanospilotus Allen & Randall 2011    cyano-, blue; spilotus, spotted, referring to blue spots on cheek, operculum, and body of both sexes

Cryptocentrus cyanotaenia (Bleeker 1853)    cyano-, blue; taenia, band, referring to numerous short blue oblique lines on head and base of pectoral fin

Cryptocentrus diproctotaenia Bleeker 1876    di-, two; procto-, anus; taenia, band, referring to two yellow or pink longitudinal stripes on anal fin

Cryptocentrus epakros Allen 2015    pointed at the end, referring to diagnostic shape of anal fin, consisting of elongated seventh and eighth fin rays that result in a conspicuous pointed posterior fin profile

Cryptocentrus fasciatus (Playfair 1867)    banded, referring to four darker cross bands on brownish-red body

Cryptocentrus flavus Yanagisawa 1978    yellow, referring to yellow body color with yellow or yellowish fins

Cryptocentrus geniornatus Herre 1935    genion, chin; ornatus, decorated, referring to small, circular, pearly white spots sprinkled on sides of head

Cryptocentrus inexplicatus (Herre 1934)    inexplicable, referring to the unknown function of its vomerine teeth

Cryptocentrus insignitus (Whitley 1956)    marked, referring to conspicuous black ocellus on first dorsal fin

Cryptocentrus leonis Smith 1931    lion, referring to type locality, estuary of Chantabun River at Lem Sing (Lion Point), southeastern Thailand

Cryptocentrus leptocephalus Bleeker 1876    leptos, thin or slim; cephalus, head, referring to much narrower head compared to C. diproctotaenia and C. liolepis, described in the same paper

Cryptocentrus leucostictus (Günther 1872)    leukos, white; stictus, spotted, referring to small, round, whitish spots and dots covering lower parts of body

Cryptocentrus liolepis Bleeker 1876    leios, smooth; lepis, scale, presumably referring to cycloid scales on head and sides

Cryptocentrus lutheri Klausewitz 1960    in honor of Wolfgang Luther, Zoologischen Institut der Technischen Hochschule (Darmstadt, Germany), for his studies of the symbiotic relationship between crabs and gobies

Cryptocentrus malindiensis (Smith 1959)    ensis, suffix denoting place: Malindi, Kenya, western Indian Ocean, type locality

Cryptocentrus maudae Fowler 1937    in honor of Maude de Schauensee, daughter of Academy ornithologist Rodolphe Meyer de Schauensee and his wife Williamina, to whom the Academy of Natural Sciences (Philadelphia) is “again grateful” for the “elaborate gift” of fishes from Thailand, including type of this one

Cryptocentrus melanopus (Bleeker 1860)    melanos, black; pous, foot, referring to black tip on pelvic fins

Cryptocentrus multicinctus Allen & Randall 2011    multi-, many; cinctus, belt or zone, referring to diagnostic barred color pattern, most evident in the female

Cryptocentrus nanus Greenfield & Allen 2018    dwarf, referring to small size (17.2-23.4 mm SL) compared to congeners

Cryptocentrus nigrocellatus (Yanagisawa 1978)    nigro-, black; ocellatus, having little spots, referring to large black ocellus bordered in white on center of opercle

Cryptocentrus niveatus (Valenciennes 1837)    snowy, referring to cheeks, operculum, shoulder, belly, and underside of tail “sown with tight white dots” (translation)

Cryptocentrus octofasciatus Regan 1908    octo-, eight; fasciatus, banded, referring to eight dark vertical bars separated by seven pale stripes

Cryptocentrus pavoninoides (Bleeker 1849)    oides, having the form of: pavo, peacock, allusion not explained, possibly referring to blue-white spots on head, somewhat reminiscent of the blue spots on peacock feathers

Cryptocentrus pretiosus (Rendahl 1924)    precious or valuable, allusion not explained, probably referring to “shiny silver pearl spots” (translation) on head, gill membrane, body, and basal part of pectoral fins (the pearl spots reminding Rendahl of precious jewels)

Cryptocentrus sericus Herre 1932    serikos, of the Seres (Chinese people from whom the ancient Greeks obtained silk), referring to fish market in Canton (now Guangzhou, Guangdong Province), type locality

Cryptocentrus shigensis Kuroda 1956    ensis, suffix denoting place: Shige beach, Numazu City, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan, type locality

Cryptocentrus strigilliceps (Jordan & Seale 1906)    strigilla, full of striga, a row of grain or hay; ceps, head, referring to minute filaments and pores on head, arranged in straight lines and running in various directions

Cryptocentrus tentaculatus Hoese & Larson 2004    tentacled, referring to distinctive tentacle on dorsal surface of eye

Cryptocentrus wehrlei Fowler 1937    in honor of the late Richard W. Wehrle (1852-1937, Indiana, Pennsylvania, USA), jeweler and naturalist, who obtained many collections of fishes for the Academy of Natural Sciences (Philadelphia)

Cryptocentrus yatsui Tomiyama 1936    in honor of zoologist Naohide Yatsu (1877-1947), Tokyo Imperial University

Cryptopsilotris Van Tassell, Tornabene & Gilmore 2016    cryptos, hidden, formerly classified (i.e., hidden) under the genus Psilotris

Cryptopsilotris batrachodes (Böhlke 1963)    oides, having the form of: referring to its resemblance to batrachoid fishes

Crystallogobius Gill 1863    crystallus, crystal, referring to its translucency; gobius, goby

Crystallogobius linearis (Düben 1845)    linear, allusion not explained, perhaps referring to its sublinear (i.e., nearly straight as a line) body shape

Ctenogobiops Smith 1959    ops, appearance, “[c]losely related” (and presumably similar) to Ctenogobius (Oxudercidae)

Ctenogobiops aurocingulus (Herre 1935)    auro-, gold; cingulus, belt ot band, referring to three diagonal rows of short golden bars or spots, extending downward and forward from nape

Ctenogobiops crocineus Smith 1959    orange-yellow (saffron), presumably referring to coloration in life (yellowish in spirits)

Ctenogobiops feroculus Lubbock & Polunin 1977    rather fierce, referring to “intraspecific agonistic encounters observed in the field”

Ctenogobiops formosa Randall, Shao & Chen     for Formosa, or Taiwan, where it appears to be endemic

Ctenogobiops maculosus (Fourmanoir 1955)    spotted, referring to four longitudinal rows of dark brown spots on body, head and/or four steeply oblique rows of dashes and spots on postorbital head

Ctenogobiops mitodes Randall, Shao & Chen 2007    thread-like, referring to filamentous second dorsal fin of adults

Ctenogobiops pomastictus Lubbock & Polunin 1977    poma, lid; stictus, spotted, referring to 11 spots on upper margin of operculum

Ctenogobiops tangaroai Lubbock & Polunin 1977    of Tangaroa, a powerful Polynesian deity, god of the sea, alluding to American Samoa, type locality

Ctenogobiops tongaensis Randall, Shao & Chen 2003    ensis, suffix denoting place: Tonga, off the inner harbor dock of the Paradise International Hotel (Neiafu, Vava’u), type locality