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Family OXUDERCIDAE Mudskipper Gobies (Paedogobius through Zappa)
Taxonomic note: includes taxa previously placed in the gobiid subfamilies Amblyopinae, Gobionellinae and Sicydiinae.

Paedogobius Iwata, Hosoya & Larson 2001    paedo-, referring to its larval-like (paedomorphic) body; gobius, goby

Paedogobius kimurai Iwata, Hosoya & Larson 2001    in honor of Motofumi Kimura, Okinawa Prefectural Fisheries Experiment Station, who discovered this goby in Japan                         

Pandaka Herre 1927    a kind of dwarf in several Filipino languages, referring to their small size                 

Pandaka bipunctata Chen, Wu, Zhong & Zhao 2008    bi-, two; punctata, spotted, referring to two black spots on pectoral-fin base

Pandaka lidwilli (McCulloch 1917)    in honor of Mark C. Lidwill (1878-1969), anesthesiologist, cardiologist, co-inventor of the pacemaker, and a pioneering rod-and-reel saltwater angler, who observed this minute (15.25 mm) goby “while in the quest of somewhat larger game” and brought it to McCulloch’s attention

Pandaka pusilla Herre 1927    very little, described at an average length of 14.6 mm

Pandaka pygmaea Herre 1927    dwarf, averaging 2.5 or 3 mm, “unquestionably the smallest fish yet described”

Pandaka rouxi (Weber 1911)    in honor of Swiss herpetologist Jean Roux (1876-1939), a member of the expedition that collected type

Pandaka silvana (Barnard 1943)    pertaining to woodlands, alluding to its two collectors (C. W. Thorne and H. G. Wood) and the “appearance of sylvan light and shade on the body”

Pandaka trimaculata Akihito & Meguro 1975    tri-, three; maculata, spotted, referring to three spots on ventral side between anal fin and spiny part of caudal fin            

Papuligobius Chen & Kottelat 2003    papula, postule, referring to white spots on cheeks of both species; gobius, goby                    

Papuligobius ocellatus (Fowler 1937)    having little eyes, referring to small, black, white-bordered ocellus at pectoral-fin origin

Papuligobius uniporus Chen & Kottelat 2003    uni-, one; porus, pore, referring to “unusual” fusion of pores p and θ into a large pore p                 

Paragobiopsis Koumans 1941    para-, near, referring to similarity to and/or close relationship with Gobiopsis

Paragobiopsis orbicularis Visweswara Rao 1971    circular or disc-shaped, allusion not explained, perhaps referring to “anteriorly cylindrical” body and/or its “rounded” tongue (compared to bilobate tongue of P. ostreicola)

Paragobiopsis ostreicola (Chaudhuri 1916)    ostrea, oyster; –cola, dweller or inhabitant, referring to its breeding over oyster beds

Parapocryptes Bleeker 1874    para-, near, referring to similarity with and/or close affinity to Apocryptes

Parapocryptes rictuosus (Valenciennes 1837)    open-mouthed, allusion not explained, presumably referring to its wide gape

Parapocryptes serperaster (Richardson 1846)    serpo-, snake; –aster, diminutive suffix with derogatory implication, i.e., an inferior snake, alluding to its Chinese name, Pih-shay (“White snake”), and/or to its slithering or creeping movement across mudflats (although Richardson did not mention this behavior)                              

Parasicydium Risch 1980    para-, near, described as a “Sicydium-like genus” 

Parasicydium bandama Risch 1980    named for the Bandama River, Ivory Coast, type locality

Paratrypauchen Murdy 2008    para-, near, a member of the “Trypauchen” group but differing in having a scaleless abdomen, no serrated frontal crest, and a slightly emarginate interradial membrane on pelvic fins

Paratrypauchen microcephalus (Bleeker 1860)    micro-, small, cephalus, head, referring to small, slightly compressed head, 8½ times in TL

Parawaous Watson 1993    para-, near, referring to its very close relationship with Awaous

Parawaous megacephalus (Fowler 1905)    mega-, large; cephalus, head, referring to large, depressed head, 3½ times in TL

Periophthalmodon Bleeker 1874    odon, tooth, presumably referring to prominent teeth of P. schlosseri; Periophthalmus, referring to superficial similarity to and/or close affinity with that genus

Periophthalmodon freycineti (Quoy & Gaimard 1824)    in honor of French navigator Louis de Freycinet (1779-1841), who led expedition during which type was collected

Periophthalmodon schlosseri (Pallas 1770)    in honor of Dutch physician-naturalist Johann Albert Schlosser (1733-1769), “celebrated man” and Pallas’ “very close friend” (translations), who received this goby from Indonesia and sent them to Pallas [note: the first specific epithet in ichthyological literature to honor a person using the patronymic “i”]             

Periophthalmodon septemradiatus (Hamilton 1822)    septem-, seven; radiatus, rayed, referring to seven short rays in first dorsal fin

Periophthalmus Bloch & Schneider 1801    peri, around; ophthalmon, eye, i.e., the periophthalmum, a thin skin (common in birds) that draws over eyes to protect them without shutting the eyelids, referring to mudskippers’ lower eyelid fold (some references say name refers to mudskippers’ wide visual field, but this is incorrect; Bloch & Schneider use just five words to diagnose the genus, “Pinnae pectorales manuformes, oculi palpebrati” [pectoral fins like hands, eyes with eyelids], and did not mention their vision)

Periophthalmus argentilineatus Valenciennes 1837    argentum, silver; lineatus, lined, referring to 20 silver vertical lines on sides

Periophthalmus barbarus (Linnaeus 1766)    foreign, allusion not explained, perhaps referring to unusual nature of this mudskipper compared to other gobies

Periophthalmus chrysospilos Bleeker 1853    chrysos, gold; spilos, spot, referring to small, gold-orange spots irregularly scattered across entire body

Periophthalmus darwini Larson & Takita 2004    in honor of naturalist Charles Darwin (1809-1882), for whom type locality, Darwin Harbor (Northern Territory, Australia), was named

Periophthalmus gracilis Eggert 1935    slender, presumably referring to a slightly slenderer body compared to congeners known at the time

Periophthalmus kallopterus Bleeker 1854    kallos, beauty; pterus, fin, referring to colorful bands and margins on both dorsal fins

Periophthalmus kalolo Lesson 1831    native name for this mudskipper in Waigeo, Irian Jaya, Indonesia, type locality

Periophthalmus magnuspinnatus Lee, Choi & Ryu 1995    magnus, large; pinnatus, finned, referring to enlarged shape of first dorsal fin

Periophthalmus malaccensis Eggert 1935    ensis, suffix denoting place: presumably Malacca Strait near Singapore, type locality

Periophthalmus minutus Eggert 1935    small, allusion not explained, perhaps referring to its size (based on one specimen, 4.0-4.5 cm TL, the smallest mudskipper Eggert studied) and/or its very small scales

Periophthalmus modestus Cantor 1842    moderate, modest or unassuming, allusion not explained, perhaps referring to lack of striking coloration compared to congeners known at the time

Periophthalmus novaeguineaensis Eggert 1935    ensis, suffix denoting place: New Guinea (the Indonesian side), type locality (also occurs in northern Australia)

Periophthalmus novemradiatus (Hamilton 1822)    novem, nine; radiatus, rayed, referring to nine spiny rays in first dorsal fin

Periophthalmus pusing Jaafar, Polgar & Zamroni 2016    from Ikan Pusing, local name among coastal Indonesians; Pusing means giddy, referring to headaches and giddiness the locals suffer when they eat this mudskipper; Ikan means fish

Periophthalmus spilotus Murdy & Takita 1999    spotted, referring to small, brilliant whitish-blue spots on head and body

Periophthalmus takita Jaafar & Larson 2008    in honor of colleague Toru Takita, Nagasaki University, for contributions to the knowledge of mudskipper ecology [a noun in apposition, without the patronymic “i”]

Periophthalmus variabilis Eggert 1935    variable, referring to strong variability in markings and shape of first dorsal fin

Periophthalmus walailakae Darumas & Tantichodok 2002    in honor of Walailak University (Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand), where both authors work, on the occasion of its 10th anniversary

Periophthalmus waltoni Koumans 1941    in honor of military surgeon and naturalist Herbert James Walton (1869-1938), who collected type

Periophthalmus weberi Eggert 1935    in honor of ichthyologist Max Weber (1852-1937), who misidentified this mudskipper as Periophthalmus (now Periophthalmodon) schlosseri in 1913

Polyspondylogobius Kimura & Wu 1994    poly, many and spondylos, vertebrae, referring to its “uniquely numerous” (52-55) vertebrae for a goby; gobius, goby

Polyspondylogobius sinensis Kimura & Wu 1994    ensis, suffix denoting place: Sinica (China), where it is endemic

Pseudapocryptes Bleeker 1874    pseudo-, false, i.e., although this genus may superficially resemble Apocryptes, such an appearance is false

Pseudapocryptes borneensis (Bleeker 1855)    ensis, suffix denoting place: Borneo, type locality

Pseudapocryptes elongatus (Cuvier 1816)    elongate, referring to its elongated form and pointed caudal fin                                 

Pseudogobiopsis Koumans 1935    pseudo-, false, i.e., although this genus may superficially resemble Gobiopsis (Gobiidaae), such an appearance is false

Pseudogobiopsis festivus Larson 2009    cheerful, delightful or humorous, referring to the elongate “smiling” jaws of mature males

Pseudogobiopsis lumbantobing Larson, Hadiaty & Hubert 2017    in honor of ichthyologist Daniel Lumbantobing, Florida Museum of Natural History, who collected the first specimens and showed them to Larson in 2012, solving the mystery of an orange-spotted goby in the European aquarium trade that aquarists had asked Larson to identify [a noun in apposition, without the patronymic “i”]

Pseudogobiopsis oligactis (Bleeker 1875)    oligo-, few; aktis, ray, referring to 6-7 second dorsal- and anal-fin rays, presumably fewer than presumed congeners in Gobiopsis (Gobiidae) known at the time

Pseudogobiopsis paludosus (Herre 1940)    swamp dweller, presumably referring to its habitat (which Herre did not describe)

Pseudogobiopsis tigrellus (Nichols 1951)    little tiger, a “very small, delicate” goby with tiger-like black vertical bands crossing body and caudal fin

Pseudogobius Popta 1922    pseudo-, false, i.e., not a true Gobius, in which P. javanicus had been classified

Pseudogobius avicennia (Herre 1940)    Avicennia, a genus of mangrove, referring to its mangrove swamp habitat

Pseudogobius dupliciporus Prokofiev 2007    duplico-, double; porus, pore, referring to its paired cephalic pores

Pseudogobius fulvicaudus Huang, Shao & Chen 2014    fulvus, yellow; caudus, caudal fin, referring to brilliant yellow mark on caudal-fin base in adult males

Pseudogobius gastrospilus (Bleeker 1853)    gaster, belly; spilos, mark or spot, referring to four black spots on lower region of body behind anal fin

Pseudogobius javanicus (Bleeker 1856)    Javanese, referring to southern Java, Indonesia, type locality (but widely distributed in southern Asia and Oceania)

Pseudogobius masago (Tomiyama 1936)    from its Japanese name, masago-haze (haze=goby)

Pseudogobius olorum (Sauvage 1880)    belonging to a swan, referring to Swan River, Western Australia, type locality

Pseudogobius poicilosoma (Bleeker 1849)    poicilus, mottled or varicolored; soma, body, referring to irregular dark-brown spots on greenish body

Pseudogobius taijiangensis Chen, Huang & Huang 2014    ensis, suffix denoting place: Taijiang National Park, Taiwan, where it is mainly distributed in brackish water habitats and mangroves (also occurs in southern China)

Pseudotrypauchen Hardenberg 1931    pseudo-, false, i.e., although this genus “very much” resembles Trypauchen, such an appearance is false

Pseudotrypauchen multiradiatus Hardenberg 1931    multi-, many; radiatus, rayed, referring to numerous rays (40) of pectoral fin                              

Pterogobius Gill 1863    ptero-, fin, referring to long second dorsal and anal fins of P. virgo; gobius, goby

Pterogobius elapoides (Günther 1872)    oides, having the form of: Elaps, the coral snake, referring to seven narrow dark-brown rings edged with red

Pterogobius virgo (Temminck & Schlegel 1845)    maiden or virgin, allusion not explained; according to Jordan & Snyder (1901), “in allusion to [its] gay coloration”    

Pterogobius zacalles Jordan & Snyder    beautiful, presumably referring to color pattern, with four dark, broad, vertical bands across body and one at base of tail

Pterogobius zonoleucus Jordan & Snyder 1901    zonis, zone; leucus, white, presumably referring to eight “narrow, indistinct, light, vertical bands” across body

Quietula Jordan & Evermann 1895    diminutive of quies, quiet, allusion not explained nor evident, perhaps referring to size of Q. y-cauda (33-40 mm)

Quietula guaymasiae (Jenkins & Evermann 1889)    of Guaymas, Sonora, western Mexico, type locality

Quietula y-cauda (Jenkins & Evermann 1889)    cauda, tail, referring to y-like mark on caudal fin

Redigobius Herre 1927    redigo, reduced in number, referring to reduced number of dorsal-fin spines of R. sternbergi (=dispar); gobius, goby

Redigobius balteatus (Herre 1935)    belted or girdled, referring to single black band extending down body from tip of first dorsal fin

Redigobius bikolanus (Herre 1927)    anus, belonging to: Bicol region of the Philippines, where type locality is situated (widely occurs in the Indo-West Pacific from Indonesia east to Philippines and Vanuatu, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia)

Redigobius chrysosoma (Bleeker 1875)    chryso-, gold; soma, body, referring to pink-gold body in alcohol (pale gray in life)

Redigobius dewaali (Weber 1897)    in honor of B. de Waal, General Consul of the Netherlands in Capetown, South Africa (near type locality)

Redigobius dispar (Peters 1868)    dissimilar, presumably referring to its “very peculiar” body, which “at first glance resembles [the cardinalfish] Apogon” (translations)

Redigobius lekutu Larson 2010    named for the Lekutu river system of Fiji, type locality

Redigobius leveri (Fowler 1943)    in honor of British entomologist Robert A. Lever (1905-1969), who collected two specimens and sent them to Fowler for identification

Redigobius macrostoma (Günther 1861)    macro-, large; stoma, mouth, referring to large mouth, reaching well beyond eye in large males

Redigobius nanus Larson 2010    dwarf, referring to its small size (up to 27 mm SL) compared to congeners

Redigobius oyensi (de Beaufort 1913)    in honor of paleontologist Ferdinand August Hendrik in de Marez Oyens (1883-1941), who collected one of the three specimens (but not the type) that de Beaufort examined

Redigobius penango (Popta 1922)    named for Penango, a village in Tenggara, Sulawesi, Indonesia, type locality

Redigobius tambujon (Bleeker 1854)    from Ikan Tambujon, Sundanese name for this goby in Java, Indonesia, type locality (Ikan=fish)

Reptiliceps Prokofiev 2007    reptili-, reptile; ceps, head, referring to greatly depressed head with swollen cheeks, similar to that of reptiles

Reptiliceps scarlatoi Prokofiev 2007    in honor of the “eminent” malacologist Orest Alexandrovich Scarlato (1920-1994), who collected type in 1957

Rhinogobius Gill 1859    rhinos, snout, presumably referring to “elongated form of the head”; gobius, goby

Rhinogobius albimaculatus Chen, Kottelat & Miller 1999    albus, white; maculatus, spotted, referring to diagnostic white spots on cheek of adult males

Rhinogobius aporus (Zhong & Wu 1998)    a-, without; porus, pore, referring to absence of sensory canal pores on head, which congeners possess to some degree

Rhinogobius biwaensis Takahashi & Okasaki 2017    ensis, suffix denoting place: Lake Biwa, Japan, where it is endemic

Rhinogobius boa Chen & Kottelat 2005    Latin for measles, derived from barius (bovine) because Romans used cow-dung to cure measles, referring to red spots on cheeks and branchiostegal membrane

Rhinogobius brunneus (Temminck & Schlegel 1845)    brown, referring to its dark-brown dominant coloration

Rhinogobius candidianus (Regan 1908)    anus, belonging to: Lake Candidius, Taiwan, type locality

Rhinogobius changjiangensis Chen, Miller, Wu & Fang 2002    ensis, suffix denoting place: Changhwajiang River, Hainan Island, China, type locality

Rhinogobius changtinensis Huang & Chen 2007    ensis, Chang-Ting County, Fujian Province, China, type locality

Rhinogobius cheni (Nichols 1931)    in honor of tiger hunter Ch’en Ti-Ti, widely known under the name “Da-Da,” who collected type under the direction of Clifford H. Pope (see R. cliffordpopei)

Rhinogobius chiengmaiensis Fowler 1934    ensis, suffix denoting place: Chieng Mai, northern Thailand, type locality

Rhinogobius cliffordpopei (Nichols 1925)    in honor of herpetologist Clifford H. Pope (1899-1974), the “thoroughness of whose field work in China has brought to light many species of fishes previously overlooked”

Rhinogobius davidi (Sauvage & Dabry de Thiersant 1874)    in honor of Armand David (1826-1900), Lazarist missionary Catholic priest and biologist, who collected many specimens in China, including type of this one

Rhinogobius delicatus Chen & Shao 1996    delicate, referring to the many “delicate” dark spots on cheeks of both sexes

Rhinogobius duospilus (Herre 1935)    duo, two; spilos, mark or spot, referring to two prominent spots on pectoral-fin base

Rhinogobius filamentosus (Wu 1939)    named for its filamentous fourth and fifth spines on first dorsal fin

Rhinogobius flavoventris Herre 1927   flavus, yellow; ventris, belly, referring to “butter yellow” on belly and lower part of sides in alcohol

Rhinogobius flumineus (Mizuno 1960)    of a stream, referring to its occurrence in the mountain streams of southwestern Japan, including the Ryukyu Islands

Rhinogobius fluviatilis Tanaka 1925    of a river, referring to its freshwater habitat

Rhinogobius formosanus Oshima 1919    anus, belonging to: Formosa (Taiwan), where it is endemic

Rhinogobius fukushimai Mori 1934    in honor of Tsunekichi Fukushima, one of Mori’s “military guards” for “most faithful services” rendered during his expedition to Jehol (now called Chengde), Hebei Province, China, type locality

Rhinogobius genanematus Zhong & Tzeng 1998    genys, cheek; nematos, thread (i.e., something very thin, like a thread), referring to 1-5 thin stripes on cheek              

Rhinogobius gigas Aonuma & Chen 1996    giant, referring to larger size (>10 mm SL) of adult males compared to congeners in Taiwan

Rhinogobius giurinus (Rutter 1897)    giurus-like, referring to its resemblance to Gobius (now Glossogobius) giurus (Gobiidae)

Rhinogobius henchuenensis Chen & Shao 1996    ensis, suffix denoting place: Hengchuen Peninsula, southern Taiwan, type locality

Rhinogobius henryi (Herre 1938)    in honor of James McClure Henry, Provost of Lingnan University, for his “continued interest in, and warm support of” Herre’s studies of Chinese fishes

Rhinogobius honghensis Chen, Yang & Chen 1999    ensis, suffix denoting place: Honghe River basin, Yunnan Province, China, type locality

Rhinogobius imfasciocaudatus Nguyen & Vo 2005    im-, not; fascio-, band; caudatus, tailed, referring to absence of vertical dark lines or rows of dark spots on caudal fin

Rhinogobius kurodai (Tanaka 1908)    in honor of ornithologist-ichthyologist Nagamichi Kuroda (1889-1978), who discovered this goby

Rhinogobius lanyuensis Chen, Miller & Fang 1998    ensis, suffix denoting place: Lanyu (Orchid Island), Taiwan, where it is endemic

Rhinogobius leavelli (Herre 1935)    in honor of missionary physician George Leavell (1882-1957), Baptist Hospital, Wuchow, Kwangsi Province, China, near type locality

Rhinogobius lentiginis (Wu & Zheng 1985)    freckled, referring to numerous black spots on head

Rhinogobius lindbergi Berg 1933    in honor of Georgii Ustinovich Lindberg (1894-1976), Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia; proposed as a subspecies of R. similis, Lindberg had re-identified the specimens at his museum as the nominate form

Rhinogobius lineatus Chen, Kottelat & Miller 1999    lined, referring to 6-7 longitudinal brown lines on body, a diagnostic feature

Rhinogobius linshuiensis Chen, Miller, Wu & Fang 2002    ensis, suffix denoting place: Linshui River, Hainan Island, China, type locality

Rhinogobius longyanensis Chen, Cheng & Shao 2008    ensis, suffix denoting place: Long-Yan City, Fujian Province, China, type locality

Rhinogobius lungwoensis Huang & Chen 2007    ensis, suffix denoting place: Lung-Wo County, Guangdong Province, China, type locality

Rhinogobius maculafasciatus Chen & Shao 1996    macula, spot; fasciatus, banded, referring to spots and bands on sides of body of both sexes

Rhinogobius maculicervix Chen & Kottelat 2000    macula, blotch; cervix, nape, referring to large, conspicuous blackish-brown mark on posterior nape of female

Rhinogobius mekongianus (Pellegrin & Fang 1940)    anus, belonging to: Mekong River basin, Laos, type locality (also occurs in Phraya River basin)

Rhinogobius milleri Chen & Kottelat 2003    in honor of goby taxonomist Peter J. Miller, University of Bristol, for his “very kind support to the studies and researches” of the first author

Rhinogobius mizunoi Suzuki, Shibukawa & Aizawa 2017    in honor of Nobuhiko Mizuno, former professor of Ehime University (Japan), for his “great” contribution to our knowledge of the ecology of freshwater fishes in Japan, particularly gobies of Rhinogobius

Rhinogobius multimaculatus (Wu & Zheng 1985)    multi-, many; maculatus, spotted, referring to numerous small black spots at the base of each scale on head and body

Rhinogobius nammaensis Chen & Kottelat 2003    ensis, suffix denoting place: Nam Ma basin, northeastern Laos, only known area of occurrence

Rhinogobius nandujiangensis Chen, Miller, Wu & Fang 2002    ensis, suffix denoting place: Nandujiang River, Hainan Island, China

Rhinogobius nantaiensis Aonuma & Chen 1996    ensis, suffix denoting place: Nan-tai, Chinese for southern Taiwan, where it is endemic

Rhinogobius niger Huang, Chen & Shao 2016    black, referring to dusky to blackish head and body in adult males

Rhinogobius ogasawaraensis Suzuki, Chen & Senou 2012    ensis, suffix denoting place: Ogasawara Group, Bonin Islands, Japan, type locality

Rhinogobius parvus (Luo 1989)    small, presumably referring to its size, described at 28-32 mm SL

Rhinogobius ponkouensis Huang & Chen 2007    ensis, suffix denoting place: Pon-Kou County, Province, China, type locality

Rhinogobius reticulatus Li, Zhong & Wu 2007    net-like or netted, referring to mesh pattern of intertwined stripes on gill covers of males

Rhinogobius rubrolineatus Chen & Miller 2008    rubrus, red; lineatus, lined, referring to bright red lines on snout and anterior region of cheek

Rhinogobius rubromaculatus Lee & Chang 1996    rubro-, red; maculatus, spotted, referring to red spots scattered over body

Rhinogobius sagittus Chen & Miller 2008    arrow, referring to deep-brown arrow-like shape on anterior region of cheek of males

Rhinogobius sangenloensis Chen & Miller 2014    ensis, suffix denoting place: Sangenlo Township, Wang-Ning County, Hainan Island, China, type locality

Rhinogobius schultzei (Herre 1927)    in honor of entomologist Wilhelm Schultze, Philippine Bureau of Science, who collected type

Rhinogobius shennongensis (Yang & Xie 1983)   ensis, suffix denoting place: Mount Shennong, Hubei Province, China, type locality

Rhinogobius similis Gill 1859    like or resembling, referring to its “great superficial resemblance” to Acanthogobius flavimanus

Rhinogobius sowerbyi Ginsburg 1917    in honor of British naturalist and explorer in China, Arthur de Carle Sowerby (1885-1954), who collected type

Rhinogobius sulcatus Chen & Kottelat 2005    scarred, presumably referring to three (rarely four) oblique brownish-black bands and 1-2 stripes on cheek and opercle, respectively

Rhinogobius szechuanensis (Liu 1940)    ensis, suffix denoting place: Szechuan Province, China, where it is endemic

Rhinogobius taenigena Chen, Kottelat & Miller 1999    taenia, band; gena, cheek, referring to diagnostic horizontal band on cheek

Rhinogobius variolatus Chen & Kottelat 2005    atus, provided with: variola, “spotted disease” or smallpox, referring to spots on cheek and opercle

Rhinogobius vermiculatus Chen & Kottelat 2001    vermiculated, referring to vermiculate lines against brown background on opercle of males

Rhinogobius vexillifer (Fowler 1937)    vexillum, banner; fero, to bear, referring to extended spines on first dorsal fin

Rhinogobius virgigena Chen & Kottelat 2005    virga, colored band on cloth; gena, cheek, referring to long, conspicuous brownish black stipe on cheek, extending forward to upper lip

Rhinogobius wangchuangensis Chen, Miller, Wu & Fang 2002    ensis, suffix denoting place: Wangchuang River, Hainan Island, China, type locality

Rhinogobius wangi Chen & Fang 2006    in honor of postgraduate student J. W. Wang, for his valuable assistance in the field trip of Fujian and Guangdong provinces (China) in September 2002, during which type was collected

Rhinogobius wuyanlingensis Yang, Wu & Chen 2008    ensis, suffix denoting place: Wuyanling National Natural Conservation Area, Zhejiang Province, China, type locality

Rhinogobius wuyiensis Li & Zhong 2007    ensis, suffix denoting place: Wuyi River, Zhejiang Province, China, type locality

Rhinogobius xianshuiensis Chen, Wu & Shao 1999    ensis, suffix denoting place: tributary of Xianshui Brook, Xianyou County, Fujian Province, China, type locality

Rhinogobius yaoshanensis (Luo 1989)    ensis, suffix denoting place: Da Yao Shan (a mountain), Jinxiu, Guangxi, China, type locality

Rhinogobius zhoui Li & Zhong 2009    in honor of Zhou Hang (Shenzen, Guandong Province, China), who supplied type and photographs of it

Sagamia Jordan & Snyder 1901    ia, belonging to: Sagami Bay, Japan, type locality of S. russula (=geneionema)

Sagamia geneionema (Hilgendorf 1879)    geneion, cheek; nema, thread, presumably referring to 24 slender barbels on lower jaw and anterior part of throat                 

Scartelaos Swainson 1839    etymology not explained, probably skarthmos, leap or skip; laos, rock or crag; Swainson did not describe its behavior and habitat, but name most likely refers to how it “skips” over tidal mud flats and over rocks between rock pools

Scartelaos cantoris (Day 1871)    is, genitive singular of: patronym not identified but almost certainly in honor of Danish naturalist Theodor Edvard Cantor (1809-1860), who explored of the fauna of the Andaman Islands, where this goby is endemic

Scartelaos gigas Chu & Wu 1963    large, at 17.2 cm SL the largest species of the genus (and reflecting its Chinese vernacular, translated as “Big Green Mudskipper”)

Scartelaos histophorus (Valenciennes 1837)    histion, sail; phorus, bearer, referring to height of first dorsal fin “on a narrow base, resembling a mast” (translation)

Scartelaos tenuis (Day 1876)    thin, referring to its slender body, its height 10 times in TL

Schismatogobius de Beaufort 1912    schismatos, split, divided or separate, allusion not explained nor evident, but here are two guesses: referring to cracks and crevices in the mountain-stream habitat of the type species (S. bruynisi), or referring to how that species’ scaleless body separates it from other gobies of the Indo-Australian Archipelago; gobius, goby

Schismatogobius alleni Keith, Lord & Larson 2017    in honor of friend and colleague Gerald R. Allen (b. 1942), Western Australia Museum (Perth), for his extensive and enthusiastic work on the freshwater fish fauna of Papua New Guinea

Schismatogobius ampluvinculus Chen, Shao & Fang 1995    amplus, wide; vinculum, band, referring to alternating blackish and whitish (somewhat yellowish) wide bands on body from head to base of caudal fin

Schismatogobius arscuttoli Keith, Lord & Hubert 2017    in honor of the Ars-Cuttoli Foundation, which funded the authors’ research in Indonesia

Schismatogobius baitabag Keith, Lord & Larson 2017    named for Baitabag village, northern Papua New Guinea, type locality, “as thanks to the Baitabag village men and many small children who cheerfully helped [Larson] collect the holotype and many other interesting fishes”

Schismatogobius bruynisi de Beaufort 1912    in honor of Lt. J. Bruynis, commanding officer of the military post at Honitetu, western Ceram, Indonesia (type locality), who helped de Beaufort “in every possible way” (e.g., providing quarters)

Schismatogobius bussoni Keith, Hubert, Limmon & Darhuddin 2017    in honor of Frédéric Busson, Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle (Paris), “for all his work to improve our knowledge on Indonesian freshwater fishes”

Schismatogobius deraniyagalai Kottelat & Pethiyagoda 1989    in honor of the late Paul E. P. Deraniyagala (1900-1976), zoologist and paleontologist, for his “outstanding activity” in Sri Lanka natural history

Schismatogobius essi Keith, Lord & Larson 2017    named for the non-governmental organization ESSI (Ecological Solution, Solomon Islands), which seeks to improve taxonomic and ecological knowledge of species and ecosystems throughout the Solomon Islands through collaboration with local tribes or communities

Schismatogobius fuligimentus Chen, Séret, Pöllabauer & Shao 2001    fuligo, soot; mentus, chin, referring to entire side of head with deep-black pigmentation in females

Schismatogobius hoesei Keith, Lord & Larson 2017    in honor of Douglass F. Hoese (Australian Museum, Sydney), “eminent gobyologist and good friend,” who first collected this goby in Australia and recognized its significance

Schismatogobius insignus (Herre 1927)    distinguished, referring to its “handsome coloration”

Schismatogobius marmoratus (Peters 1868)    marbled or mottled, referring to dark mottlings on brown body

Schismatogobius mondo Keith, Lord & Larson 2017    named for Mondo village, Solomons Islands, type locality, in honor of the Mondo villagers who helped collect the species and warmly welcomed the authors

Schismatogobius ninja Maeda, Saeki & Satoh 2017    reminiscent of the Japanese ninja, masters of camouflage, referring to its very cryptic coloration against the gravel substrates of its habitat

Schismatogobius risdawatiae Keith, Darhuddin, Sukmono & Hubert 2017    in honor of Renny Risdawati, Padang University, who helped the authors collect freshwater fishes in Padang, Sumatra

Schismatogobius roxasi Herre 1936    in honor of Hilario A. Roxas (1896-?), chief of the Philippine Fish and Game Association, “who is devoting his energies to studying the greatest natural food resource of the Philippines,” its fishes

Schismatogobius saurii Keith, Lord, Hadiaty & Hubert 2017    in honor of Sopian Sauri, LIPI (Indonesian Institute of Sciences), who helped the authors collect freshwater fishes all around Indonesia

Schismatogobius tiola Keith, Lord & Larson 2017    named for Tiola, the protecting spirit of war canoes in the Solomon Islands and their prow figurehead; according to legend, Tiola came from Kolombangara, type locality

Schismatogobius tuimanua Keith, Lord & Larson 2017    derived from Tuimanu’a, king of all the kings in the Samoan myth of creation, in honor of the people of Samoa, where this goby occurs

Schismatogobius vanuatuensis Keith, Marquet & Watson 2004    ensis, suffix denoting place: Vanuatu, South Pacific, where it is endemic

Schismatogobius vitiensis Jenkins & Boseto 2005    ensis, suffix denoting place: Vity (Fijian language for Fiji), where it is endemic                 

Sicydium Valenciennes 1837    diminutive of sicyus, cupping glass or suction cup, referring to fused ventral fins forming a cup-shaped disc

Sicydium adelum Bussing 1996    adelos, Greek for unseen, unknown or obscure, referring to its similar appearance to the syntopic S. altum

Sicydium altum Meek 1907    high, allusion not explained, probably referring to the high-altitude rain-forest rivers in which it occurs; type specimen was collected at 600 m but species is known to reach 1,180 m

Sicydium brevifile Ogilvie-Grant 1884   brevis, short; filum, thread, presumably referring to “small median papilla above the maxillary suture”

Sicydium buscki Evermann & Clark 1906    in honor of Danish-American entomologist August Busck (1870-1944), who collected type

Sicydium bustamantei Greeff 1884    in honor of Brazilian slave trader Gabriel de Bustamenté, who collected type, and the “hospitable and intelligent” (translation) owner of the farm situated on São Tomé Island, Gulf of Guinea, type locality [Greeff recognized that Gobius (now Awaous) bustamanei Greeff 1882 consisted of two species; he retained larger specimens as G. bustamanei and smaller specimens were given this name]

Sicydium cocoense (Heller & Snodgrass 1903)    ensis, suffix denoting place: Cocos Island, eastern Pacific, where it appears to be endemic

Sicydium condotense Regan 1914    ensis, suffix denoting place: Río Condoto, southwestern Colombia, type locality

Sicydium crenilabrum Harrison 1993    crenatus, crenate; labrum, lip, referring to distinct crenulations in upper lip

Sicydium fayae Brock 1942   in honor of Fay, the middle name of Brock’s wife

Sicydium gilberti Watson 2000    in honor of ichthyologist Carter R. Gilbert (b. 1930), Florida State Museum of Natural History, who for more than three decades has contributed much to our knowledge of fishes in the northwestern hemisphere, and assisted many, including Watson

Sicydium gymnogaster Ogilvie-Grant 1884    gymnos, naked; gaster, belly, referring to scaleless belly

Sicydium hildebrandi Eigenmann 1918    in honor of Samuel F. Hildebrand (1883-1949), for his work with the freshwater fishes of Panama, and his discovery of several new gobies in Panama (although this goby occurs only in Colombia and Ecuador)

Sicydium montanum Hubbs 1920    of mountains, collected from a mountain brook at Macuto, Caracas, Venezuela

Sicydium multipunctatum Regan 1906    multi-, many; punctatum, spotted, referring to small dark spots covering head and numerous small dark spots on dorsal fins and base of pectoral fin

Sicydium plumieri (Bloch 1786)    in honor of Charles Plumier (1646-1704), Franciscan monk and naturalist, who discovered this goby at Martinique, and on whose drawing and manuscript Bloch’s description is based

Sicydium punctatum Perugia 1896    spotted, referring to numerous small black spots on head and/or brown spot at center of each scale

Sicydium rosenbergii (Boulenger 1899)    in honor of William Frederik Henry Rosenberg (1868-1957), entomologist, ornithologist and natural-history dealer, who provided type to the British Museum (Natural History)

Sicydium salvini Ogilvie-Grant 1884    patronym not identified but almost certainly in honor of English herpetologist-ornithologist Osbert Salvin (1835-1898), best known for co-authoring Biologia Centrali-Americana (1879-1915), a 52-volume work on the natural history of Central America, where this goby occurs

Sicyopterus Gill 1860    sicyus, cupping glass or suction cup; pterus, fin, referring to fused ventral fins forming a cup-shaped disc

Sicyopterus aiensis Keith, Watson & Marquet 2004    ensis, suffix denoting place: Ai River, Efate, Vanuatu, type locality

Sicyopterus brevis de Beaufort 1912    short, “distinguished by its short body” (described from two specimens, 44 and 45 mm)

Sicyopterus calliochromus Keith, Allen & Lord 2012    callios, the most beautiful; chroma, color, referring to its “astonishing” color pattern (entire body of both males and females gold, with two ventral black bands from pectoral base to upper hypural, a black mask on front of head below the eyes, and a black spot on ventral part of head)

Sicyopterus cynocephalus (Valenciennes 1837)    cyno-, dog; cephalus, head, a manuscript name coined by Quoy & Gaimard, probably referring to straight row of conical teeth on lower jaw

Sicyopterus erythropterus Keith, Allen & Lord 2012    erythros, red; pterus, fin, referring to usually bright-red anal fin

Sicyopterus eudentatus Parenti & Maciolek 1993    eu-, well; dentatus, toothed, referring to high number (120) of tricuspid teeth on each premaxilla

Sicyopterus fasciatus (Day 1874)    banded, referring to six or so dark, vertical bands on body

Sicyopterus franouxi (Pellegrin 1935)    in honor of Roger Franoux (d. 1947), friend and collaborator of René Catala (1901-1988), coffee planter and amateur biologist in Madagascar; together they collected type

Sicyopterus griseus (Day 1877)    gray or grayish, but described as “brownish, with eight or nine rings of a darker tint surrounding the body” and “dark” fins

Sicyopterus japonicus (Tanaka 1909)    Japanese, referring to type locality in Wakayama, Japan (also occurs in Taiwan)

Sicyopterus lagocephalus (Pallas 1770)    lagos, hare; cephalus, head, referring to short, snout and hemispherical upper jaw, resembling nose of a rabbit       

Sicyopterus lengguru Keith, Lord & Hadiaty 2012    named for the “Lengguru” expedition, which permitted its discovery (Lengguru is also the stream system in Papua Province, Indonesia, where it occurs)

Sicyopterus lividus Parenti & Maciolek 1993    black and blue, referring to blue background coloration and black saddle bars in life

Sicyopterus longifilis de Beaufort 1912    longus, long; filum, thread, referring to filamentous second, third and fourth rays of first dorsal fin

Sicyopterus macrostetholepis (Bleeker 1853)    macro-, large; stethos, breast or chest; lepis, scale, referring to larger thoracic scales compared to S. lagocephalus

Sicyopterus marquesensis Fowler 1932     –ensis, suffix denoting place: Marquesas Islands, where it is endemic

Sicyopterus microcephalus (Bleeker 1855)    micro-, small; cephalus, head, referring to its “short and narrow” (translation) head

Sicyopterus micrurus (Bleeker 1854)    micro-, small; oura, tail, referring to shorter tail compared to S. macrostetholepis

Sicyopterus ocellaris Keith, Allen & Lord 2012    having an eye-like spot, referring to distinct small black spot on first dorsal fin

Sicyopterus parvei (Bleeker 1853)    in honor of H.A. Steijn Parvé, civil servant in Dutch colonial government in western Java, Indonesia, who collected several species for Bleeker in the town of Garut and discovered this goby

Sicyopterus pugnans (Ogilvie-Grant 1884)    fighting, allusion not explained, perhaps referring to pugnacious appearance of bicuspid teeth on upper jaw and/or its “saw-like” edge

Sicyopterus punctissimus Sparks & Nelson 2004    very spotted, referring to numerous small spots on sides and second dorsal fin

Sicyopterus rapa Parenti & Maciolek 1996    named for Rapa Island, French Polynesia, where it is endemic

Sicyopterus sarasini Weber & de Beaufort 1915    in honor of Swiss naturalist Fritz Sarasin (1859-1942), who, with Swiss herpetologist Jean Roux (1876-1939), collected type and later published its description

Sicyopterus squamosissimus Keith, Lord, Busson, Sauri, Hubert & Hadiaty 2015    very scaly, referring to high numbers of scales compared to congeners having two lateral clefts on crenulated upper lip, a second dorsal fin count of I-10, and filamentous second and third rays of first dorsal fin

Sicyopterus stimpsoni (Gill 1860)    in honor of marine biologist William Stimpson (1832-1872), who collected type

Sicyopterus stiphodonoides Keith, Allen & Lord 2012    oides, having the form of: the related genus Stiphodon, referring to the similar color pattern of females

Sicyopus Gill 1863    sicyus, cupping glass or suction cup; pous, foot, referring to fused ventral fins forming a cup-shaped disc

Sicyopus auxilimentus Watson & Kottelat 1994    auxilium, help; –mentum, suffix denoting tool, referring to presumed auxiliary reproductive organs at base of urogenital papilla on males

Sicyopus discordipinnis Watson 1995    discordis, different; pinnis, fin, referring to different number of spines in first dorsal fin of males (5-6) and females (5)

Sicyopus jonklaasi (Axelrod 1972)    in honor of Rodney Jonklaas (d. 1989), Sri Lankan diver, underwater photographer and zoo administrator, who co-discovered this goby with Axelrod in the “rushing mountain streams of Ceylon [Sri Lanka]” [Sicyopus jonklaasi Klausewitz & Henrich 1986 apparently is both a synonym and a homonym]

Sicyopus lord Keith, Marquet & Taillebois 2011   in honor of the authors’ friend Clara A. Lord, aquatic biologist, Research Unit BOREA, for her “extensive and enthusiastic work on Sicydiinae” [a noun in apposition, without the matronymic “ae”]

Sicyopus multisquamatus de Beaufort 1912    multi-, many; squamatus, scaled, referring to greater number of lateral-line scales and scale rows between origin of second dorsal fin and origin of anal fin compared to congeners known at the time

Sicyopus rubicundus Keith, Hadiaty, Busson & Hubert 2014    reddish or ruddy, referring to bright red throat and belly in males

Sicyopus zosterophorus (Bleeker 1856)    zosteros, belt or girdle; phoros, to have or bear, referring to black bars on sides of males, which look like a belt

Smilosicyopus Watson 1999    smila, Latin word for carving knife, chisel or engraving tool, referring to large canine tooth on both jaws, proposed as a subgenus of Sicyopus                 

Smilosicyopus bitaeniatus (Maugé, Marquet & Laboute 1992)    bi-, two; taeniatus, banded, referring to two longitudinal bands on body

Smilosicyopus chloe (Watson, Keith & Marquet 2001)    named for the Chloé Expéditions I and II to New Caledonia, during which most of the type specimens were collected

Smilosicyopus fehlmanni (Parenti & Maciolek 1993)    in honor of ichthyologist-herpetologist Herman Adair Fehlmann (1917-2005), who collected and described this goby in his unpublished Ph.D. dissertation in 1960

Smilosicyopus leprurus (Sakai & Nakamura 1979)    lepros, scaly; oura, tail, referring to presence of scales only on caudal peduncle

Smilosicyopus nigriradiatus (Parenti & Maciolek 1993)    nigris, black; radiatus, rayed, referring to blackened fin rays in both sexes

Smilosicyopus pentecost (Keith, Lord & Taillebois 2010)    named for Pentecost Island, Vanuatu, type locality (also occurs in New Caledonia, Fiji and Samoa)

Smilosicyopus sasali (Keith & Marquet 2005)    in honor of Pierre Sasal, University of Perpignan, for his “extensive collection effort” in the fresh waters of Futuna, where this goby is endemic

Sovvityazius Prokofiev 2015    Sov, Soviet; –ius, belonging to: Vityaz, in honor of the Soviet research vessel from which type specimens were collected in 1973

Sovvityazius acer Prokofiev 2015    sharp, i.e., sharp-sighted, referring to its better-developed eyes compared to relatives then placed in the subfamily Amblyopinae

Stenogobius Bleeker 1874    steno, narrow, allusion not explained, perhaps referring to compressed body of S. gymnopomus; Gobius, goby, referring to previous placement of S. gymnopomus in that genus and/or reflecting Bleeker’s classification of this taxon in a phalanx he called Gobiini

Subgenus Stenogobius

Stenogobius gymnopomus (Bleeker 1853)    gymno, bare or naked; poma, lid or covering, referring to scaleless operculum

Stenogobius ingeri Watson 1991    in honor of Robert F. Inger, Field Museum of Natural History (Chicago), who collected type

Stenogobius kenyae Smith 1959    of Kenya, where type locality (Sabaki River) is situated

Stenogobius lachneri Allen 1991    according to Watson (1994), in honor of Ernest A. Lachner (1916-1996), curator of fishes at the U.S. National Museum, for his many contributions to gobioid systematics and his “continuous support and encouragement” to Watson (Watson coined the name, which Allen made available in 1991, crediting “Watson 1990” as the author; however, Watson’s description was not published until 1994, making Allen the author)

Stenogobius laterisquamatus (Weber 1907)    lateralis, of the side; squamatus, scaled, presumably referring to the “conspicuous scaling of the cheeks” (translation)

Stenogobius macropterus (Duncker 1912)    macro-, long; pterus, fin, presumably referring to elongate, filamentous spines on first dorsal fin and/or long and pointed caudal fin

Stenogobius mekongensis Watson 1991    ensis, suffix denoting place: Mekong River Delta, Viêt Nam, where it appears to be endemic

Stenogobius ophthalmoporus (Bleeker 1853)    ophthalmos, eye; porus, pore, referring to large pore behind eye at beginning of depression between eye and shoulder

Stenogobius psilosinionus Watson 1991    psilos, naked or bare; inion, nape, referring to predominately scaleless predorsal midline

Subgenus Insularigobius Watson 1991    insula, island, referring to the fact that all known species are known only from island habitats, whether of continental or volcanic origin; gobius, goby

Stenogobius alleni Watson 1991    in honor of Gerald R. Allen (b. 1942), Western Australia Museum (Perth), for his contributions to the freshwater ichthyology of Papua New Guinea  

Stenogobius beauforti (Weber 1907)    in honor of Weber’s colleague Lieven Ferdinand de Beaufort (1879-1968), University of Amsterdam, a participant in the Dutch North New Guinea Expedition (1903), during which type was collected

Stenogobius blokzeyli (Bleeker 1860)   in honor of its discoverer, A. H. G. Blokzeyl, first Dutch governor of Bali (type locality), who collected fishes and reptiles and sent them to the Leyden Museum (Netherlands)

Stenogobius caudimaculosus Watson 1991    cauda, tail; maculosus, spotted, referring to spot (or spots) on caudal peduncle

Stenogobius fehlmanni Watson 1991    in honor of ichthyologist-herpetologist Herman Adair Fehlmann (1917-2005), Smithsonian Oceanographic Sorting Center, for his contributions to ichthyology, as well as collecting most of the type material

Stenogobius genivittatus (Valenciennes 1837)    genys, cheek; vittatus, banded, referring to broad brown band descending obliquely from eye and cheek to lower edge of preopercle

Stenogobius hawaiiensis Watson 1991    ensis, suffix denoting place: Hawaiian Islands, where it is endemic

Stenogobius hoesei Watson 1991    in honor of ichthyologist Douglass F. Hoese, Australian Museum (Sydney), for contributions to gobioid systematics and his encouragement throughout the course of Watson’s review of the genus

Stenogobius keletaona Keith & Marquet 2006    named for keletoana, the “customary authority” of the Kingdom of Sigave on Futuna Island, type locality (also occurs on Wallis Island)

Stenogobius kyphosus Watson 1991    hump-backed, referring to its high back compared to congeners

Stenogobius marinus Watson 1991    marine, referring to its apparent habitat preference (brackish and near-marine waters in intertidal streams and estuaries)

Stenogobius marqueti Watson 1991    in honor of aquatic biologist Gérard Marquet, Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle (Paris), for his “extensive” collection efforts in the fresh waters of French Polynesia and the discovering of four new species of Stenogobius (but not this one)

Stenogobius polyzona (Bleeker 1867)    poly, many; zona, band, referring to its “many blackish, slender and well-marked vertical bands, even after the scales have been removed” (translation)

Stenogobius randalli Watson 1991    in honor of John E. Randall, Bishop Museum (Honolulu), for his many contributions to Indo-Pacific ichthyology

Stenogobius squamosus Watson 1991    scaled, the Stenogobius with the most scales examined from the Marquesas Islands

Stenogobius watsoni Allen 2004    in honor of gobiid specialist Ronald Watson, for “significant” contributions to our taxonomic knowledge of Stenogobius

Stenogobius yateiensis Keith, Watson & Marquet 2002    ensis, suffix denoting place: Yaté, New Caledonia, type locality

Stenogobius zurstrasseni (Popta 1911)    in honor of zoologist Otto Karl Ladislaus zur Strassen (1869-1961), Director of the Natural History Museum of Senckenberg (Frankfurt, Germany)

Stigmatogobius Bleeker 1874    stigmatus, marked, presumably referring to lateral black dots of S. pleurostigma; Gobius, referring to previous placement of S. pleurostigma in that genus and/or reflecting Bleeker’s classification of this taxon in a phalanx he called Gobiini

Stigmatogobius borneensis (Bleeker 1850)    ensis, suffix denoting place: Borneo, type locality (also occurs in Singapore)

Stigmatogobius elegans Larson 2005    elegant, referring to its “slim and elegant” appearance

Stigmatogobius minima (Hora 1923)    least, the smallest of Chilka Lake’s (Orissa, India) gobies, not exceeding 20 mm SL

Stigmatogobius pleurostigma (Bleeker 1849)    pleuro-, side; stigma, mark, referring to longitudinal series of 8 or 10 black dots on sides

Stigmatogobius sadanundio (Hamilton 1822)    latinization of Sadanundi from Sadanundi bele, its local name near Calcutta, India (per Hamilton’s notes as published by Hora in 1934)

Stigmatogobius sella (Steindachner 1881)    saddle, referring to brownish saddle-like marking from anterior base of first dorsal fin to middle of side

Stigmatogobius signifer Larson 2005signum, mark; fero, to bear, referring to distinctive caudal spot and dark body band

Stiphodon Weber 1895    stiphos, crowd; odon, tooth, referring to closely packed teeth in upper lip of S. semoni

Stiphodon alcedo Maeda, Mukai & Tachihara 2012    kingfisher, referring to metallic turquoise on head and body and orange around belly of nuptial males, similar to plumage of the kingfisher, Alcedo atthis

Stiphodon annieae Keith & Hadiaty 2015    in honor of the first author’s wife Annie, for her patience and unfailing support during field trips in the Pacific islands

Stiphodon astilbos Ryan 1986    a-, not; stilbos, bright or shining, referring to nondescript coloration of the male

Stiphodon atropurpureus (Herre 1927)    atro-, black; purpureus, purple, presumably referring to coloration of nuptial males

Stiphodon aureofuscus Keith, Busson, Sauri, Hubert & Hadiaty 2015    aureus, golden; fuscus, black, referring to “mostly black, sometimes slightly golden” coloration of males

Stiphodon caeruleus Parenti & Maciolek 1993    deep or clear blue, referring to bright cobalt blue color dorsally and laterally of males in life

Stiphodon carisa Watson 2008    Latin for an artful woman, referring to unique patterns and color on females

Stiphodon discotorquatus Watson 1995    discus, disk; torquatus, adorned with a necklace, referring to medial dusky ring on pelvic disk in males

Stiphodon elegans (Steindachner 1879)    elegant, allusion not explained, presumably referring to beautiful coloration of males

Stiphodon hydoreibatus Watson 1999    hydor, water; oreibates, mountain climber, referring to its ability to ascend waterfalls

Stiphodon imperiorientis Watson & Chen 1998    imperator, emporer; orientis, the rising sun, honoring Emperor Akihito of Japan, where this goby is endemic

Stiphodon julieni Keith, Watson & Marquet 2002    in honor of Julien Keith and Julien Marquet, presumably relatives of the authors, for their extensive collection efforts in freshwaters throughout French Polynesia and in particular in Austral Islands [since two people are honored, spelling should be julienorum]

Stiphodon kalfatak Keith, Marquet & Watson 2007    in honor of Donna Kalfatak, Environment Unit of Vanuatu, for her extensive collection efforts to find Stiphodon in fresh waters throughout Vanuatu [a noun in apposition, without the matronymic “ae”]

Stiphodon larson Watson 1996    in honor of Helen Larson, Curator of Fishes, Museum and Art Gallery of the Northern Territory (Darwin, Australia), for her contributions to gobioid systematics, her “good advice and always willing assistance” to Watson [a noun in apposition, without the matronymic “ae”]

Stiphodon maculidorsalis Maeda & Tan 2013    maculosus, spotted; dorsalis, dorsal, referring to black spots scattering dorsally on head and trunk of both sexes

Stiphodon martenstyni Watson 1998    in memory of “dedicated naturalist” Cedric Martenstyn (d. 1996), “one of the many unfortunate victims of Sri Lanka’s civil war,” whose “interest will be greatly missed” (Martenstyn, a lieutenant commander in the Sri Lankan navy, disappeared when the helicopter he was flying in crashed, possibly shot down by rebels, over the Indian Ocean]

Stiphodon mele Keith, Marquet & Pouilly 2009    named for Mele waterfall, Efate, Vanuatu, type locality (also occurs in New Caledonia and Fiji)

Stiphodon multisquamus Wu & Ni 1986    multi-, many; squamus, scale, proposed as a subspecies of S. elegans, referring to higher scale count in lateral series

Stiphodon niraikanaiensis Maeda 2013    ensis, suffix denoting place: Niraikanai, an Okinawan mythical place “somewhere beyond the ocean” from which all life originates and to which the spirits of dead humans return; “possibly, the main habitat of [this] new species is somewhere over the ocean and the type specimens were brought to Okinawa from there”

Stiphodon oatea Keith, Feunteun & Vigneux 2010    named for Oatea, a mythical religious figure in central Polynesia, who created the Marquesas Islands, where this goby appears to be endemic

Stiphodon ornatus Meinken 1974    decorated, referring to beautiful body coloration of males

Stiphodon palawanensis Maeda & Palla 2015    ensis, suffix denoting place: Palawan, Philippines, type locality

Stiphodon pelewensis Herre 1936    ensis, suffix denoting place: collected “on the reef at Gorror [Koror], one of the Pelew [Palau] Islands” (although this goby is not a reef inhabitant)

Stiphodon percnopterygionus Watson & Chen 1998    perknos, dark colored; pterygion, diminutive for fin or wing, referring to first dorsal fin, which is blackish in males of both (orange and transitional) color phases

Stiphodon pulchellus (Herre 1927)    diminutive of pulchra, beautiful, a “beautiful little” fish

Stiphodon rubromaculatus Keith & Marquet 2007    rubro-, red; maculatus, spotted (authors say “stained”), referring to bright red on side of head and body in males

Stiphodon rutilaureus Watson 1996    rutilus, red; aureus, golden, referring to body coloration of males and common name (Red and Gold Goby) used in the Field Guide to the Freshwater Fishes of New Guinea (1991)

Stiphodon sapphirinus Watson, Keith & Marquet 2005    like a sapphire, referring to bright-blue coloration and jewel-like appearance of males, especially when viewed in sunlight

Stiphodon semoni Weber 1895    in honor of German zoologist and evolutionary biologist Richard Semon (1859-1918), who collected type

Stiphodon surrufus Watson & Kottelat 1995    reddish, referring to body coloration of males

Stiphodon tuivi Watson 1995    Polynesian vernacular for Stiphodon or freshwater goby

Stiphodon zebrinus Watson, Allen & Kottelat 1998    zebra-like, referring to its bar pattern, especially pronounced in males

Suruga Jordan & Snyder 1901    named for Suruga Bay, Japan, where S. fundicola is especially abundant (Japanese: suru, stork; ga, good, i.e., the bay of the good stork)

Suruga fundicola Jordan & Snyder 1901    fundus, bottom; colo, inhabit, collected from the sandy bottom at a depth of 73-146 m

Taenioides Lacepède 1800    oides, having the form of: taenia, ribbon, referring to ribbon- or banner-like shape of T. hermannii (=anguillaris)

Taenioides anguillaris (Linnaeus 1758)    eel-like, with the body of a “slippery eel” (translation)

Taenioides buchanani (Day 1873)    in honor of Francis Hamilton-Buchanan (1762-1829), Scottish physician and naturalist, who published an influential account of Indo-Gangetic fishes in 1822 (Day noted that this goby resembles Odontamblyopus rubicundus, described by Hamilton-Buchanan)

Taenioides caniscapulus Roxas & Ablan 1938    canis, dog; capulus, head, its profile from chin to lower jaw described as “bulldoglike”

Taenioides cirratus (Blyth 1860)    curly or fringed, referring to seven “flat and pointed cirrhi” near symphysis of lower jaw

Taenioides eruptionis (Bleeker 1849)    erupt, collected in Indonesia on 19 May 1848, during the eruption of the stratovolcano Klut (now known as Kelud), with ashes raining down upon the river, killing most of its fish

Taenioides esquivel Smith 1947    etymology not explained, possibly a member of Smith’s staff or a Portuguese East Africa authority who assisted Smith during the June-July 1946 expedition that collected type (Smith named several new species in the same paper in honor of these individuals, but “Esquivel” is not included in his acknowledgment) [presumably a noun in apposition, without the patronymic “i”]

Taenioides gracilis (Valenciennes 1837)    thin or slender, its height nearly 20 times in its total length

Taenioides kentalleni Murdy & Randall 2002    in honor of marine biologist Kent Allen, Aramco (Saudi Arabian Oil Company), who collected and photographed type (and only known specimen) while conducting environmental surveys along the nearshore and intertidal systems of the western Arabian (Persian) Gulf

Taenioides mordax (De Vis 1883)    biting, referring to “strong” canine teeth, protruding on the edge of the jaws

Taenioides nigrimarginatus Hora 1924    nigri-, black; marginatus, bordered, referring to black margins on vertical fins

Taenioides purpurascens (De Vis 1884)    purplish or purple-tinged, referring to “deep purple red” color in life

Tamanka Herre 1927    Tausug (regional language of the Philippines) name for small gobies of Gnatholepis and Rhinogobius

Tamanka siitensis Herre 1927    ensis, suffix denoting place: Lake Siit, northern coast of Jolo Island, Philippines, type locality

Tasmanogobius Scott 1935    Tasmania, type locality of T. lordi; gobius, goby

Tasmanogobius gloveri Hoese 1991    in honor of John Glover, Curator of Fishes, South Australian Museum, who made material available for study

Tasmanogobius lasti Hoese 1991    in honor of ichthyologist Peter R. Last, CSIRO Division of Fisheries, who supplied much of the Tasmanian material of this species

Tasmanogobius lordi Scott 1935    in honor of the late Clive Errol Lord (1889-1933), former Secretary and then Director of the Tasmanian Museum, the “most notable worker in systematic ichthyology” since Robert M. Johnston (1843-1918)

Tridentiger Gill 1859    tri-, three; dens, teeth; –iger, to bear, referring to tricuspid outer teeth on upper and lower jaws

Tridentiger barbatus (Günther 1861)    bearded, referring to two series of small barbels across cheek, another along mandibula and preopercular margin

Tridentiger bifasciatus Steindachner 1881    bi-, two; fasciatus, striped, referring to dorsal and lateral stripes on many specimens

Tridentiger brevispinis Katsuyama, Arai & Nakamura 1972    brevis, short; spinis, spine, proposed as a subspecies of T. obscurus distinguished by its shorter dorsal-fin spines

Tridentiger kuroiwae Jordan & Tanaka 1927    in honor of Mr. Hisashi Kuroiwa, Imperial University of Tokyo, who provided a collection of fishes from the Ryukyu Islands, Japan, including this species

Tridentiger nudicervicus Tomiyama 1934    nudus, naked or bare; cervicus, neck, referring to naked head and nape, i.e., no scales in front of first dorsal fin

Tridentiger obscurus (Temminck & Schlegel 1845)    dark or dusky, referring to dark-brown coloration, dotted with blackish brown, in life

Tridentiger radiatus Cui, Pan, Yang & Wang 2013    rayed or radiate, referring to radiate arrangement of three dusky bands on infraorbital

Tridentiger trigonocephalus (Gill 1859)    trigonos, triangular; cephalus, head, referring to shape of its oblong head

Trypauchen Valenciennes 1837    trypa, hole; auchen, neck, referring to oval-shaped opening (actually a pouch-like structure) on dorsal edge of operculum (its function not known)

Trypauchen pelaeos Murdy 2006    Greek for mud-dweller, referring to its typical habitat

Trypauchen vagina (Bloch & Schneider 1801)    sheath or scabbard, referring to oval-shaped opening (actually a pouch-like structure) on dorsal edge of operculum (its function not known)

Trypauchenichthys Bleeker 1860    Trypauchen, referring to similarity to and close affinity with that genus; ichthys, fish

Trypauchenichthys larsonae Murdy 2008    in honor of Helen Larson, Curator of Fishes, Museum and Art Gallery of the Northern Territory (Darwin, Australia), who has “devoted much of her time and energy” to the study of gobioid fishes and who has helped Murdy on many occasions in his gobioid studies

Trypauchenichthys sumatrensis Hardenberg 1931    ensis, suffix denoting place: Sumatra, Indonesia, type locality (also occurs in Malaysia and India)

Trypauchenichthys typus Bleeker 1860    serving as type of genus

Trypauchenopsis Volz 1903    opsis, appearance, referring to similar eel-like shape with Trypauchen

Trypauchenopsis intermedia Volz    , allusion not explained, probably referring to its being intermediate in form between other eel-shaped goby genera, Amblyopus (=Taenioides), Trypauchen and Trypauchenichthys

Tukugobius Herre 1927    tuku, lizard, from biang tuku, Tagalog name for T. philippinus; gobius, goby, i.e., lizard goby

Tukugobius bucculentus Herre 1927    having full cheeks, described as “bulging”

Tukugobius carpenteri (Seale 1910)    in honor of American naturalist William Dorr Carpenter (1879-1958), who helped collect type (and other Filipino fishes for Seale)

Tukugobius philippinus Herre 1927    Filipino, referring to Irid River, Luzon Island, Philippines, where it appears to be endemic

Typhlogobius Steindachner 1879    typhlos, blind, referring to blind adults (juveniles have rudimentary eyes); gobius, goby

Typhlogobius californiensis Steindachner 1879    ensis, suffix denoting place: San Diego, California, type locality

Wuhanlinigobius Huang, Zeehan & Chen 2014    in honor of Chinese ichthyologist Wu Han-lin, for his “great” contribution to ichthyological research in China, especially for gobioid fishes; gobius, goby

Wuhanlinigobius malayensis Huang, Zeehan & Chen 2014    ensis, suffix denoting place: Malay Peninsula region (Malaysia and Singapore), where it occurs

Wuhanlinigobius polylepis (Wu & Ni 1985)    poly, many; lepis, scale, presumably referring to its having more lateral-line scales compared to Mugilogobius obliquifasciatus (=Hemigobius hoevenii), its presumed congener at the time and described in the same paper

Zappa Murdy 1989    in honor of musician and composer Frank Zappa (1940-1993), for his “articulate and sagacious defense of the First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution”

Zappa confluentus (Roberts 1978)    confluent, referring to distal ends of fin rays of first dorsal, second dorsal, caudal, and anal fins joined by a single continuous fin membrane