Order CYPRINIFORMES: Family CYPRINIDAE: Subfamily XENOCYPRIDINAE

COMMENTS
v. 9.0 – 28 Oct. 2016  view/download PDF

Subfamily XENOCYPRIDINAE
45 genera • 164 species/subspecies
Taxonomic note: includes taxa sometimes placed in subfamilies Cultrinae, Opsariichthyinae, Oxygastrinae, Squaliobarbinae and Tanichthyinae.

Anabarilius Cockerell 1923    an-, not, i.e., not Barilius, referring to unique scale structure of two species (andersoni, polylepis) previously placed in Barilius (Danioninae)

Anabarilius alburnops (Regan 1914)    ops, appearance, presumably referring to similarity to European Alburnus (Leuciscinae)

Anabarilius andersoni (Regan 1904)    in memory of the late John Anderson (1833-1900), Scottish zoologist and anatomist, “to whom we are principally indebted for our knowledge of the Reptiles and Fishes of Yunnan”

Anabarilius brevianalis Zhou & Cui 1992    brevis, short; analis, anus or anal fin, referring to small number (8-10) of branched anal fin rays

Anabarilius duoyiheensis Li, Mao & Lu 2002    ensis, suffix denoting place: Duoyihe, Luoping County, Yunnan Province, China, type locality

Anabarilius goldenlineus Li & Chen 1995    latinization of the Anglo-Saxon golden and line, referring to three golden lines on back and sides

Anabarilius grahami (Regan 1908)    in honor of missionary John Graham, who collected many fishes in Yunnan, China, including type of this one

Anabarilius liui liui (Chang 1944)    in honor of herpetologist Cheng-chao Liu (1900-1976)

Anabarilius liui chenghaiensis He 1984    ensis, suffix denoting place: Chenghai Lake, Jinsha River system, Yunnan Province, China, type locality

Anabarilius liui yalongensis Li & Chen 2003    ensis, suffix denoting place: Yalong River basin, Xichang County, Sichuan Province, China, type locality

Anabarilius liui yiliangensis He & Liu 1983    ensis, suffix denoting place: Yiliang County, Yunnan Province, China, type locality

Anabarilius longicaudatus Chen 1986    longus, long; caudatus, tailed, presumably referring to more slender caudal peduncle compared to A. liui liui

Anabarilius macrolepis Yih & Wu 1964    macro-, large; lepis, scale, allusion not evident but Chinese vernacular translates as “large-scaled white fish”

Anabarilius maculatus Chen & Chu 1980    spotted, referring to black spots on sides, not known from any other congeners at the time

Anabarilius paucirastellus Yue & He 1988    paucus, few; rastellum, diminutive of rastrum, rake, referring to smaller number of gill rakers (7-9) compared to congeners

Anabarilius polylepis (Regan 1904)    poly, many; lepis, scale, referring to smaller (and therefore more numerous) scales compared to Barilius (=Pseudohemiculter) hainanensis

Anabarilius qiluensis Chen & Chu 1980    ensis, suffix denoting place: Qilu Lake, Tonghai County, Yunnan Province, China, type locality

Anabarilius qionghaiensis Chen 1986    ensis, suffix denoting place: Qionghai Lake, Sichuan Province, China, type locality

Anabarilius songmingensis Chen & Chu 1980    ensis, suffix denoting place: Songiming County, Yunnan Province, China, type locality

Anabarilius transmontanus (Nichols 1925)    trans-, over; montanus, mountains, allusion not explained, perhaps referring to placement of type locality (Yunnan-Fu [now Kunming], Yunnan Province, China) surrounded by mountains to the north, west and east

Anabarilius xundianensis He 1984    ensis, suffix denoting place: Xundian County, Yunnan Province, China, type locality

Anabarilius yangzonensis Chen & Chu 1980    ensis, suffix denoting place: Yangzon Lake, Yunnan Province, China, type locality

Ancherythroculter Yih & Wu 1964    anchi-, near, referring to similarity to Erythroculter (=Culter)

Ancherythroculter daovantieni (Bănărescu 1967)    in honor of biologist and professor Dao Van Tien, Hanoi, who provided type

Ancherythroculter kurematsui (Kimura 1934)    in honor of U. Kurematsu, Japanese General Council of Chengtu (now Chingdu), capital of Sichuan Province, China, where it occurs

Ancherythroculter nigrocauda Yih & Wu 1964    nigra, black; cauda, tail, probably referring to “prominent margin” (translation) around caudal-fin lobes

Ancherythroculter wangi (Tchang 1932)    in honor of Mr. F. T. Wang (no other information given), who collected type

Aphyocypris Günther 1868    aphya, a small fish, probably referring to small size of A. chinensis (22 “lines” long = 4.66 cm); cypris, a small carp, a common suffix for cyprinid genera

Aphyocypris amnis Liao, Kullander & Lin 2011    stream, referring to distribution in only one river drainage

Aphyocypris arcus (Lin 1931)    arch, referring to arched ventral outline on thorax

Aphyocypris chinensis Günther 1868    ensis, suffix denoting place: Chikiang, China, type locality

Aphyocypris dorsohorizontalis (Nguyen & Doan 1969)    dorsum, back, referring to horizontal, or “nearly flat” (translation), back

Aphyocypris kikuchii (Oshima 1919)    in honor of Yonetaro Kikuchi, Taihoku Museum, who collected type

Aphyocyrpis kyphus (Mai 1978)    referring to Ky-Phú Creek, Cho-Moi, Hòa-Bình Province, northern Viêt Nam, type locality

Aphyocypris lini (Weitzman & Chan 1966)    in honor of Lin Shu-Yen, who described this cyprinid in 1939 but used a preoccupied name (A. pooni, now a synonym of Tanichthys albonubes)

Aphyocypris moltrechti (Regan 1908)    in honor of physician-entomologist Arnold Moltrecht (1873-1952), who collected type

Aphyocypris normalis Nichols & Pope 1927    normal or according to rule, allusion not explained nor evident; in fact, since its complete lateral line differs from the incomplete lateral line Günther emphasized in his description of the genus, the species appears to be abnormal or “breaking the rule”

Aphyocypris pulchrilineata Zhu, Zhao & Huang 2013    pulcher, beautiful; lineata, lined, presumably referring to distinct longitudinal black stripe along body, narrow yellowish or golden stripe immediately above it, thin black stripe along dorsal midline from head to caudal-fin base, and/or black line between anal- and caudal-fin bases

Araiocypris Conway & Kottelat 2008    araios, thin, slender or weak, referring to thin, slender body; cypris, a small carp, a common suffix for cyprinid genera

Araiocypris batodes Conway & Kottelat 2008    thorny, referring to large conical tubercles on lower jaw of male

Atrilinea Chu 1935    atri-, black; linea, line, presumably referring to markedly black stripe along lateral line of A. chenchiwei (=roulei)

Atrilinea macrolepis Song & Fang 1987    macro-, large; lepis, scale, referring to larger scales compared to A. roulei

Atrilinea macrops (Lin 1931)    macro-, large; ops, eye, referring to large eye

Atrilinea roulei (Wu 1931)   in honor of Louie Roule (1861-1942), chair of the ichthyology and herpetology departments, Muséum national d’histoire naturelle (Paris), in whose laboratory Wu conducted his studies

Candidia Jordan & Richardson 1909    ia, belonging to: Lake Candidius (now called Sun Moon Lake), Taiwan, type locality of C. barbata

Candidia barbata (Regan 1908)    bearded; originally described in Opsariichthys but differing in having a pair of barbels

Candidia pingtungensis Chen, Wu & Hsu 2008    ensis, suffix denoting place: Pingtung County, Taiwan, type locality

Chanodichthys Bleeker 1860    chanos, referring to resemblance of C. mongolicus to Chanos chanos (Gonorynchiformes: Chanidae); ichthys, fish

Chanodichthys abramoides (Dybowski 1872)    oides, having the form of: allusion not explained, possibly referring to perceived resemblance to Abramis brama

Chanodichthys compressocorpus (Yih & Chu 1959)    compresso-, compressed;

Chanodichthys dabryi (Bleeker 1871)    in honor of Pierre Dabry de Thiersant, fish culturist, French counsel to China, and student of Chinese fishes, who sent specimens to the Muséum d’Histoire naturelle de Paris

Chanodichthys erythropterus (Basilewsky 1855)    erythros, reddish; pterus, fin, referring to reddish fins

Chanodichthys flavipinnis (Tirant 1883)    flavus, yellow; pinnis, fin, referring to yellowish dorsal fin

Chanodichthys mongolicus mongolicus (Basilewsky 1855)    Mongolian, described from a specimen “In winter, brought to Beijing frozen from Mongolia” (translation); also occurs in Viêt Nam, Taiwan, China, Russia, Korea and Japan

Chanodichthys mongolicus elongatus (He & Liu 1980)    elongated, referring to more slender body and caudal peduncle compared to C. m. mongolicus

Chanodichthys mongolicus qionghaiensis (Ding 1990)    ensis, suffix denoting place: Qionghai Lake, Sichuan, China, where subspecies is endemic

Chanodichthys oxycephalus (Bleeker 1871)    oxys, sharp; cephalus, head, referring to pointed shape of head

Chanodichthys recurviceps (Richardson 1846)    recurvus, curved upwards; ceps, head, “remarkable for the face being inclined upwards by a sudden curvature over the temples like the profile of a pug-dog”

Ctenopharyngodon Steindachner 1866    cteno, comb; pharynx, throat; odon, tooth, referring to comb-like pharyngeal teeth

Ctenopharyngodon idella (Valenciennes 1844)    etymology not explained, probably a diminutive of the Eurasian Leuciscus idus, in whose genus it was originally placed

Culter Basilewsky 1855    knife, referring to knife-like shape of body

Culter alburnus Basilewsky 1855    whitish, presumably referring to white body coloration (“Corpus album”)

Culter oxycephaloides Kreyenberg & Pappenheim 1908    oides, having the form of: Culter (=Chanodichthys) oxycephalus, which it resembles in shape of head, but differs in more streamlined shape, longer caudal peduncle, and higher number of scales

Distoechodon Peters 1881    distolos, in pairs; odon, tooth, referring to two rows of pharyngeal teeth

Distoechodon compressus (Nichols 1935)    referring to compressed body

Distoechodon macrophthalmus Zhao, Kullander, Kullander & Zhang 2009    macro-, big or long; opthalmos, eye, referring to relatively bigger eyes compared to congeners

Distoechodon multispinnis Bănărescu 1970    multi-, many; pinnis, feather (i.e., pinnate, a comb-like arrangement of parts), presumably referring to “especially more” gill rakers than D. compressus and D. tumirostris

Distoechodon tumirostris Peters 1881    tumidus, swollen; rostris, snout, referring to “bulging, prominent snout” (translation)

Elopichthys Bleeker 1860    elops, referring to elongate body, similar to that of ladyfishes (Elopidae: Elops); ichthys, fish

Elopichthys bambusa (Richardson 1845)    genus name for bamboo, alluding to “Bamboo spoilt fish,” translation of Chinese vernacular (phonetically spelled Chǔh nuy yu) as given by John Reeves, who painted fish while working as a tea inspector in China (1812-1831)

Gymnodanio Chen & He 1992    gymno-, naked or bare, referring to scaleless body (except for lateral line); danio, placed in subfamily Danioninae at time of description

Gymnodanio strigatus Chen & He 1992    furrowed or grooved, allusion not explained, possibly referring to groove-like appearance of conspicuously scaled lateral line on scaleless body

Hainania Koller 1927    ia, belonging to: Hainan Island, China, type locality of H. serrata

Hainania serrata Koller 1927    toothed like a saw, referring to belly scutes from pelvic fin base to anus

Hemiculter Bleeker 1860    hemi-, partial, referring to previous placement of H. leucisculus in Culter

Hemiculter elongatus Nguyen & Ngo 2001    elongate, referring to its long, thin body

Hemiculter krempfi Pellegrin & Chevey 1938    in honor of Armand Krempf, Nha Trang Institute of Oceanography (Viêt Nam), who collected type

Hemiculter leucisculus (Basilewsky 1855)    diminutive of Leuciscus, presumably referring to its smaller, Leuciscus-like jaws (“maxilla inferiore Leucisco simili”) compared to large-jawed members of Culter, in which it was originally placed

Hemiculter lucidus (Dybowski 1872)    bright or shining, allusion not explained, presumably referring to silvery coloration

Hemiculter songhongensis Nguyen & Nguyen 2001    ensis, suffix denoting place: Sông Hông, Hà Nôi, Viêt Nam, type locality

Hemiculter tchangi Fang 1942    in honor of Fang’s colleague Tchunlin (or Tchung-Lin) Tchang (1897-1963), Fan Memorial Institute of Biology (Peking), who described this species in 1930 but used a preoccupied name (Barilius alburnops Regan 1914)

Hemiculter varpachovskii Nikolskii 1903    patronym not identified but clearly in honor of Soviet ichthyologist N. A. Warpachowski, who proposed the closely related Hemiculterella in 1888

Hemiculterella Warpachowski 1888    diminutive of Hemiculter, alluding to similarity to that genus

Hemiculterella macrolepis Chen 1989    macro-, large; lepis, scale, referring to large scales (larger than those on H. sauvagei, at least)

Hemiculterella sauvagei Warpachowski 1888    patronym not identified but clearly in honor of paleontologist-ichthyologist Henri Émile Sauvage (1842-1917), whose 1884 description of Hemiculter balnei (=leucisculus) is cited by Warpachowski

Hemiculterella wui (Wang 1935)    in honor of zoologist Hsien-Wen Wu, National Research Institute of Biology, Academia Sinica

Hemigrammocypris Fowler 1910    hemi-, half, and gramma, line, referring to incomplete lateral line; cypris, a small carp, a common suffix for cyprinid genera

Hemigrammocypris rasborella Fowler 1910    diminutive of Rasbora, believed to be a related genus at time of description

Hypophthalmichthys Bleeker 1860    hypo-, under; ophthalmus, eye, referring to downward-looking ventrolateral eye; ichthys, fish

Hypophthalmichthys harmandi Sauvage 1884    in honor of François-Jules Harmand (1845-1921), physician, explorer and diplomat, who collected type

Hypophthalmichthys molitrix (Valenciennes 1844)    miller or grinder, allusion not explained, perhaps referring to its pharyngeal teeth (uses to grind phytoplankton)

Hypophthalmichthys nobilis (Richardson 1845)    well known, alluding to “Eminent fish,” translation of Chinese vernacular (phonetically spelled Tsing yu) as given by John Reeves, who painted the species while working as a tea inspector in China (1812-1831)

Ischikauia Jordan & Snyder 1900    -ia, belonging to: biologist Chiyomatso Ishikawa (1861-1935), Imperial Museum of Tokyo

Ischikauia steenackeri (Sauvage 1883)    in honor of Francisque (also spelled Francis) Steenackers (note dropped s), French Consul to Japan, who collected type

Longiculter Fowler 1937    longus, long, i.e., a “well-elongated” Culter

Longiculter siahi Fowler 1937    in honor of Mr. Y. Siah, who assisted Fowler in forming his collection of Thai fishes

Luciobrama Bleeker 1870    lucius, pike, referring to long, Esox-like head and trunk (body); brama, derived from abramis, Greek for bream or mullet, i.e., a pike-like bream

Luciobrama macrocephalus (Lacepède 1803)   macro-, long; cephalus, head, referring to long, pike-like head

Macrochirichthys Bleeker 1859    macro-, long; cheiros, hand or fin, referring to long pectoral fin; ichthys, fish

Macrochirichthys macrochirus (Valenciennes 1844)    macro-, long; cheiros, hand or fin, referring to long pectoral fin (name coined by Kuhl and van Hasselt)

Megalobrama Dybowski 1872    megalos, great or large, allusion not explained, possibly referring to large size (up to 27 cm in M. skolkovii) and/or high body and steep dorsal profile; brama, bream

Megalobrama amblycephala Yih 1955    amblys, blunt; cephalus, head, referring to head shape compared to M. terminalis

Megalobrama elongata Huang & Zhang 1986    elongate, allusion unclear, perhaps referring to shorter body height compared to congeners, which might give it a more elongate or streamlined appearance

Megalobrama mantschuricus (Basilewsky 1855)    Manchurian, referring to distribution in northeast Asia

Megalobrama pellegrini (Tchang 1930)    patronym not identified but clearly in honor of French ichthyologist Jacques Pellegrin (1873-1944), who described many Southeast Asian freshwater fishes

Megalobrama skolkovii Dybowski 1872    patronym not identified but probably in honor of Adjutant General I. G. Skolkov (1814-1873), who led an 1869 expedition to the Amur drainage basin

Megalobrama terminalis (Richardson 1846)    of boundaries, alluding to “Border fish,” English translation of Chinese vernacular (phonetically spelled Peen yu) as given by John Reeves, who painted the fish while working as a tea inspector in China (1812-1831)

Metzia Jordan & Thompson 1914    ia, belonging to: Charles William Metz, Stanford University, who helped authors identify fishes collected in Japan

Metzia alba (Nguyen 1991)    albus, white, referring to silvery coloration

Metzia bounthobi Shibukawa, Phousavanh, Phongsa & Iwata 2012    in honor of Bounthob Praxaysombath, National University of Laos, Vientiane, lead researcher during 2007-2010 field surveys that collected eight of the 10 type series    

Metzia formosae (Oshima 1920)    of Formosa, referring to type locality in Taiwan (also occurs in China and Viêt Nam)

Metzia hautus (Nguyen 1991)    latinization of the French haut, high, referring to higher body compared to congeners

Metzia lineata (Pellegrin 1907)    lined, presumably referring to brown longitudinal parallel lines marking each row of scales along back and sides

Metzia longinasus Gan, Lan & Zhang 2009    longus, long; nasus, snout, referring to long snout (longer than eye diameter) compared to congeners

Metzia mesembrinum (Jordan & Evermann 1902)    southern, allusion not explained, perhaps referring to island of Kotosho, reported (but incorrect) type locality southeast of mainland Taiwan (correct type locality is Suwata, on southern rim of Ilan County, Taiwan)

Metzia parva Luo, Sullivan, Zhao & Peng 2015    small, referring to body size (48.3-57.7 mm SL vs. 58.3-151.4 mm SL in congeners)

Mylopharyngodon Peters 1881    mylo, grinder; pharynx, throat; odon, tooth, referring to mollusk-crushing pharyngeal teeth

Mylopharyngodon piceus (Richardson 1846)    pitch-black, referring to “pitchy or blackish-brown” coloration

Nipponocypris Chen, Wu & Hsu 2008    Nippon, referring to distribution in fresh waters of Japan (also occurs in Korea); cypris, a small carp, a common suffix for cyprinid genera

Nipponocypris koreanus (Kim, Oh & Hosoya 2005)    Korean, referring to type locality in Han River, Gangwon-do, Korea (also occurs in Japan)

Nipponocypris sieboldii (Temminck & Schlegel 1846)    in honor of Philipp Franz von Siebold (1796-1866), German physician and traveler, who collected many of the fishes described in the Fauna Japonica monograph series (1833-1850), including this one, and under whose direction the series was prepared

Nipponocypris temminckii (Temminck & Schlegel 1846)    in honor of Coenraad Jacob Temminck (1778-1858), director of the National Natural History Museum at Leiden (note: Temminck did not name this species after himself; Schlegel wrote the description and coined the name, but the publication in which it appeared is credited to both authors)

Ochetobius Günther 1868    etymology not explained, perhaps from the Greek ochetos, groove, referring to triangular groove near corner of mouth, a diagnostic character mentioned in Kner’s 1867 description of O. elongatus (Ronald Fricke, pers. comm.)

Ochetobius elongatus (Kner 1867)    prolonged, referring to elongate, compressed body

Opsariichthys Bleeker 1863    etymology uncertain, perhaps opsarion, diminutive of opson, meat or rich fare, referring to edible value of O. uncirostris; ichthys, fish

Opsariichthys bea Nguyen 1987    matronym not identified but in honor of Nguyen’s wife Bê (Mai Dinh Yen, pers. comm. with Nguyen)

Opsariichthys bidens Günther 1873    bi-, two; dens, teeth, allusion not evident (teeth are not mentioned in description)

Opsariichthys dienbienensis Nguyen & Nguyen 2000    ensis, suffix denoting place: Dien Bien Phu, Lai Chau Province, Viêt Nam, type locality

Opsariichthys duchuunguyeni Huynh & Chen 2014    in honor of ichthyologist Nguyen Huu Duc, for his contributions to Vietnamese freshwater fishes resear

Opsariichthys evolans (Jordan & Evermann 1902)    flying away, presumably referring to “much elevated” (wing-like?) anal fin of males

Opsariichthys hainanensis Nichols & Pope 1927    ensis, suffix denoting place: Hainan Island, China, type locality

Opsariichthys hieni Nguyen 1987    patronym not identified but in honor of Nguyen’s father Hiên (Mai Dinh Yen, pers. comm. with Nguyen)

Opsariichthys kaopingensis Chen & Wu 2009    ensis, suffix denoting place: Kaoping River, southern Taiwan, type locality

Opsariichthys pachycephalus Günther 1868    pachys, thick; cephalus, head, allusion uncertain, possibly referring to wide mouth, a characteristic of the genus

Opsariichthys songmaensis Nguyen & Nguyen 2000    from Song Ma (Ma River), Song Ma town, Song Ma County, Son La Province, Viêt Nam, type locality

Opsariichthys uncirostris uncirostris (Temminck & Schlegel 1846)    uncinus, hooked; rostris, snout, referring to how projection of lower jaw fits into a notch on upper jaw, giving snout a hooked apearance

Opsariichthys uncirostris amurensis Berg 1932    ensis, suffix denoting place: Amur, Siberia, Russia, type locality

Oxygaster van Hasselt 1823    oxy, sharp; gaster, belly, referring to knife-like keel on abdominal surface

Oxygaster anomalura van Hasselt 1823    anomalos, uneven; oura, tail, perhaps referring to longer lower caudal lobe (not mentioned in description but shown in original drawing)

Oxygaster argentea (Day 1867)    silvery, referring to “Brilliant silvery” coloration and known as “The White Carp”

Oxygaster pointoni (Fowler 1934)    in honor of Mr. Pointon, Manager of the Chiengmai branch of the Bombay-Burma Company, Ltd. (type was collected in Chiengmai, Thailand)

Parabramis Bleeker 1864    para-, near, referring to resemblance to and/or affinity with Abramis, in which type species had been originally placed

Parabramis pekinensis (Basilewsky 1855)    ensis, suffix denoting place: Peking (=Beijing), referring to occurrence in rivers leading to Tschill (Chihli) Bay, particularly in September and October

Parachela Steindachner 1881    para-, near, referring to body shape similar to that of Chela (Danioninae)

Parachela cyanea Kottelat 1995    dark blue, referring to bluish coloration of live specimens

Parachela hypophthalmus (Bleeker 1860)    hypo-, below; ophthalmus, eyes, referring to lower placement of eyes on head compared to P. oxygastroides

Parachela ingerkongi (Bănărescu 1969)    in honor of both Robert F. Inger and Chin Phui Kong, the first biologists to give an “adequate description” of North Borneo specimens of Oxygaster (=Parachela) oxygastroides

Parachela maculicauda (Smith 1934)    macula, spot; cauda, tail, referring to sharply defined dark blotch on each caudal fin lobe

Parachela oxygastroides (Bleeker 1852)    oides, having the form of: referring to resemblance to Leuciscus oxygaster (=Oxygaster anomalura)

Parachela siamensis (Günther 1868)    ensis, suffix denoting place: Siam, referring to type locality in Mouhot, Thailand

Parachela williaminae Fowler 1934    in honor of Williamina Meyer de Schauensee (wife of Academy ornithologist Rodolphe), to whom the Academy of Natural Sciences (Philadelphia) is “greatly indebted for many Siamese fishes”

Paralaubuca Bleeker 1864    para-, near, referring to what Bleeker believed was its close affinity with Laubuca Bleeker 1860 (now in Danioninae)

Paralaubuca barroni (Fowler 1934)    in honor Mr. P. A. R. Barron of Chieng Mai, Thailand, a “student of Siamese Ophidia” (i.e., snakes)

Paralaubuca harmandi Sauvage 1883    in honor of François-Jules Harmand (1845-1921), physician, explorer and diplomat, who collected type

Paralaubuca riveroi (Fowler 1935)    in honor of Cuban biologist and anthropologist Luis Howell Rivero (1899-1986), to whom Fowler was indebted for collections of Cuban fishes (although this Asian fish is far from Cuba!)

Paralaubuca typus Bleeker 1864    serving as type of genus

Parazacco Chen 1982    para-, near, referring to resemblance to Zacco

Parazacco spilurus (Günther 1868)    spilos, spot; oura, tail, referring to black spot at base of caudal fin

Plagiognathops Berg 1907    replacement name for Plagiognathus (preoccupied in Hemiptera), plagio, oblique; gnathus, jaw; ops, appearance, presumably referring to arching, transverse mouth

Plagiognathops microlepis (Bleeker 1871)    micro-, small; lepis, scale, referring to “significantly more numerous” (translation) and therefore smaller scales compared to Xenocypris davidi

Pogobrama Luo 1995    pogon, beard, referring to minute barbels on corners of mouth (sometimes absent); brama, referring to previous placement in Sinibrama

Pogobrama barbatula (Luo & Huang 1985)    diminutive of barbata, barbled, referring to two minute barbels on corners of mouth (sometimes absent), which distinguishes it from other members of Sinibrama, in which it was originally described

Pseudobrama Bleeker 1870    pseudo-, false; abramis, bream, described as an intermediate genus between Xenocyrpis and the leuciscine Acanthobrama

Pseudobrama simoni (Bleeker 1864)    in honor of Eugene Simon, French consul to China, who “reported” (translation) a collection of Chinese fishes, including type of this one

Pseudohemiculter Nichols & Pope 1927    pseudo-, false, referring to close similarity to (in fact, proposed as a subgenus of) Hemiculter

Pseudohemiculter dispar (Peters 1881)    dissimilar, probably referring to how species is “very close” (translation) to but different from Hemiculter leucisculus and the genera Chanodichthys and Culter

Pseudohemiculter hainanensis (Boulenger 1900)    ensis, suffix denoting place: Hainan Island, China, type locality

Pseudohemiculter kweichowensis (Tang 1942)    ensis, suffix denoting place: a market in Kweichow (Guizhou) Province, China, where type was obtained

Pseudohemiculter pacboensis Nguyen 2001    ensis, suffix denoting place: Pác Bó, Cao Bang Province, Viêt Nam, where it is endemic

Pseudolaubuca Bleeker 1864    pseudo-, false, referring to close affinity with Paralaubuca, described by Bleeker in a concurrent paper

Pseudolaubuca engraulis (Nichols 1925)    ancient name for Engraulis encrasicolus, Common Anchovy of Europe, probably referring to anchovy-like appearance

Pseudolaubuca hotaya Mai 1978    of Ho Tây [West Lake], Hanoi, North Viêt Nam, type locality and presumed only area of occurrence

Pseudolaubuca jouyi (Jordan & Starks 1905)    in honor of ornithologist Pierre Louis Jouy (d. 1894), who collected type

Pseudolaubuca sinensis Bleeker 1864    ensis, suffix denoting place: Sinica (China), where it is endemic

Rasborichthys Bleeker 1859    referring to similarity to Rasbora (Danioninae); ichthys, fish

Rasborichthys helfrichii (Bleeker 1856)    in honor of C. Helfrich, Surgeon Lieutenant Colonel, Royal Netherlands East Indies Army, who supplied type

Sinibrama Wu 1939    sini-, Sinica, or China; abramis, bream, probably referring to Chinese distribution of type species, S. wui (some species occur elsewhere in Asia)

Sinibrama affinis (Vaillant 1892)    related, referring to affinity with S. macrops, from which it differs in the arrangement of scales

Sinibrama longianalis Xie, Xie & Zhang 2003    longus, long; analis, anal fin, referring to long anal-fin base

Sinibrama macrops (Günther 1868)     macro-, large; ops, eye, referring to large eye, “rather longer than the snout, one-third of the length of the head, and wider than the interorbital space”

Sinibrama taeniatus (Nichols 1941)    banded, referring to slight dusky central band from below dorsal fin backward on the peduncle, becoming ill-defined more anteriorly

Sinibrama wui  (Rendahl 1933)    in honor of ichthyologist Hsien-Wen Wu, who  recognized but did not name this species as distinct in 1930 [apparently a junior homonym of Chanodichthys wui Lin 1932 (= S. macrops); next available name may be S. typus Yih & Wu 1964 (written as Sinibrama wui typus, with the italicized “typus” intended to delineate the “typical” S. wui compared to a putative subspecies, S. w. polylepis, and not intended to be a name)]

Squaliobarbus Günther 1868    etymology not explained, perhaps combining chub-like shape of Squalius with the barbels (although minute) of Barbus

Squaliobarbus curriculus (Richardson 1846)    carriage, alluding to “Black-stone carriage,” translation of Chinese vernacular (phonetically spelled Hǐh shǐh wan) as given by John Reeves, who painted the species while working as a tea inspector in China (1812-1831)  

Tanichthys Lin 1932    named for the young boy who collected type, “Mr. Tan Kam Fei, the famous Scout of Kwangtung, in appreciation of his interest in ichthyology and his work rousing the good spirit of the young scouts toward the study of nature”; ichthys, fish

Tanichthys albonubes Lin 1932    albus, white; nubes, clouds, referring to White Cloud Mountain, Canton, China, type locality

Tanichthys micagemmae Freyhof & Herder 2001    micare, sparkle, referring to sparkling color pattern; gemma, gem, referring to small size

Tanichthys thacbaensis Nguyen & Ngo 2001    ensis, suffix denoting place: Thác Bà, Yên Bái Province, Viêt Nam, where it appears to be endemic 

Toxabramis Günther 1873    toxotes, archer, possibly referring to vaguely bow-like shape of body with strongly serrated dorsal fin spine serving as “arrow”; abramis, referring to original placement in the nominal subfamily Abramidinae

Toxabramis argentifer Abbott 1901    silvery, referring to lower body coloration

Toxabramis hoffmanni Lin 1934    in honor of Prof. William E. Hoffman, Director of the Lingnan Natural History Survey and Museum, for his interest in Lin’s work

Toxabramis houdemeri Pellegrin 1932    in honor of veterinarian Fernand Édouard Houdemer, who collected type

Toxabramis maensis Nguyen & Duong 2006    ensis, suffix denoting place: Ma River, Camthuy district, Thanh Province, Viêt Nam, type locality

Toxabramis nhatleensis Nguyen, Tran & Ta 2006    ensis, suffix denoting place: Nhật Lệ River, Quảng Bình Province, Viêt Nam, type locality

Toxabramis swinhonis Günther 1873    -is, genitive singular of: Robert Swinhoe (1836-1877), British consul and naturalist at Shanghai, China, who collected type

Xenocyprioides Chen 1982    oides, having the form of: referring to resemblance to Xenocypris in pharyngeal tooth pattern

Xenocyprioides carinatus Chen & Huang 1985    keeled, referring to keeled abdomen

Xenocyprioides parvulus Chen 1982    diminutive of parvus, small, i.e., very small, referring to size, 27-32 mm TL (21-25 mm SL)

Xenocypris Günther 1868    xenos, strange, allusion not explained, probably referring to unique combination of characters (e.g., short anal fin, compressed phayngeal teeth) among cyprinids; cypris, a small carp, a common suffix for cyprinid genera

Xenocypris davidi Bleeker 1871    in honor of Armand David (1826-1900), Lazarist missionary Catholic priest and biologist, who collected many species in China

Xenocypris fangi Tchang 1930    patronym not identified but probably in honor of ichthyologist P.-W. Fang, who collected type

Xenocypris hupeinensis (Yih 1964)    ensis, suffix denoting place: Hupei, China, type locality

Xenocypris macrolepis Bleeker 1871    macro-, long; lepis, scale, referring to larger scales compared to X. davidi

Xenocypris medius (Oshima 1920)    central, referring to type locality in central Formosa (Taiwan)

Xenocypris yunnanensis Nichols 1925    ensis, suffix denoting place: Yunnan-fu Lake (Kunming), type locality, and/or Yunnan Province, China, where it is endemic

Zacco Jordan & Evermann 1902    derived from Zakko (also spelled Zako), Japanese name for river minnows, notably for Acheilognathus (=Tanakia) lanceolata

Zacco acutipinnis (Bleeker 1871)    acutus, sharp; pinnis, fin; name coined by Guichenot on a museum label, presumably referring to pointed pectoral fin

Zacco chengtui Kimura 1934    of (in this case, near) Chengtu, Sichuan Province, China, type locality

Zacco platypus (Temminck & Schlegel 1846)    platys, broad; pous, foot, presumably referring to enlarged anal fin of males

Zacco taliensis (Regan 1907)    ensis, suffix denoting place: Tali Fu Lake, China, type locality