Order CYPRINIFORMES: Families PAEDOCYPRIDIDAE and PSILORHYNCHIDAE

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v. 1.0 – 17 Oct. 2018  view/download PDF

Family PAEDOCYPRIDIDAE

Paedocypris Kottelat, Britz, Tan & Witte 2006 paideios, children, being a paedomorphic (i.e., neotenic or “larval”) fish; cypris, a small carp

Paedocypris carbunculus Britz & Kottelat 2008 ruby (gemstone), referring to reddish coloration in life

Paedocypris micromegethes Kottelat, Britz, Tan & Witte 2006 Greek for small in size, up to 11.6 mm SL

Paedocypris progenetica Kottelat, Britz, Tan & Witte 2006 progenetic, referring to how members of genus accelerate sexual maturation relative to rest of development, leading to dwarfed adults with larval features


Family PSILORHYNCHIDAE Mountain Carps
1 genus · 29 species

Psilorhynchus McClelland 1838    psilo-, thin or attenuated; rhynchus, snout, referring to elongated snout

Psilorhynchus amplicephalus Arunachalam, Muralidharan & Sivakumar 2007    amplus, wide or broad; cephalus, head, referring to “relatively broad head”

Psilorhynchus arunachalensis (Nebeshwar, Bagra & Das 2007)    ensis, suffix denoting place: Arunchal Pradesh, India, type locality

Psilorhynchus balitora (Hamilton 1822)    local Gangetic word meaning “sand-digger,” referring to its living among stones in rapid mountain streams, or in rivers with pure sandy bottoms, usually close to the bottom

Psilorhynchus brachyrhynchus Conway & Britz 2010    brachys, short; rhynchos, snout, referring to short snout

Psilorhynchus breviminor Conway & Mayden 2008    brevis, short; minor, small, referring to short, stout appearance

Psilorhynchus chakpiensis Shangningam & Visgwanath 2013    ensis, suffix denoting place: Chakpi River, Chindwin basin, Manipur, India, type locality

Psilorhynchus gokkyi Conway & Britz 2010    named after Gokkyi, a small village above type locality (Ayeyarwaddy River drainage, Myanmar), honoring hospitality and help extended to second author during November 2009 collection trip

Psilorhynchus gracilis Rainboth 1983    slender, referring to its shape, which immediately distinguishes it from P. balitora

Psilorhynchus hamiltoni Conway, Dittmer, Jezisek & Ng 2013    in honor of the “exceptional Scottish naturalist Francis Hamilton [or Buchanan-Hamilton] (1762-1829), a pioneer of Indian ichthyology, who spent more than 17 years surveying the freshwater fish fauna of large areas of the Indian subcontinent,” and who described two psilorhynchids in 1822

Psilorhynchus homaloptera Hora & Mukerji 1935    referring to superficial resemblance (“depressed and flattened body, general facies and build”) to hillstream loaches (Homaloptera, Balitoridae)

Psilorhynchus kaladanensis Lalramliana, Lalnuntluanga & Lalronunga 2015    –ensis, suffix denoting place: Kaladan River basin, Mizoram, India, only known area of occurrence

Psilorhynchus khopai Lalramliana, Solo, Lalronunga & Lalnuntluanga 2014    named after Khopai, a small village near Tuisi River, Mizoram, India, type locality

Psilorhynchus konemi Shangningam & Vishwanath 2016    in memory of B. D. Konem Anal, the first author’s father, who always supported his son’s research

Psilorhynchus maculatus Shangningam & Vishwanath 2013    spotted, referring to black blotches on body and caudal fin

Psilorhynchus melissa Conway & Kottelat 2010    classical Greek name of the honey bee, referring to black-and-yellow color pattern of live individuals

Psilorhynchus microphthalmus Vishwanath & Manojkumar 1995    micro-, small; ophthalmus, eye, referring to small eye diameter compared to congeners

Psilorhynchus nepalensis Conway & Mayden 2008    ensis, suffix denoting place: Nepal, where it is endemic

Psilorhynchus ngathanu Shangningam & Visgwanath 2013    local name (Anal dialect) for this species in Manipur, India

Psilorhynchus nudithoracicus Tilak & Husain 1980    nudus, bare; thoracicus, breast, referring to scaleless mid-ventral region

Psilorhynchus olliei Conway & Britz 2015    in honor of friend and colleague Oliver (Ollie) Crimmen, fish curator, Natural History Museum (London), for his “invaluable help and great company during a number of recent field trips to Myanmar”

Psilorhynchus pavimentatus Conway & Kottelat 2010    a floor of stones, referring to “paved” color pattern, with 6-7 indistinct round-to-squarish dark blotches, arranged in a longitudinal row

Psilorhynchus piperatus Conway & Britz 2010     peppered, referring to speckling on caudal fin

Psilorhynchus pseudecheneis Menon & Datta 1964    pseudo-, false; echeneis, Greek for a sucking fish (e.g., sharksuckers or remoras, Echeneis), presumably referring to how it (and all congeners) use their specialized pectoral fins, instead of a suctorial mouth, to adhere to rocks in rapid waters

Psilorhynchus rahmani Conway & Mayden 2008    in honor of A. K. Ataur Rahman, Department of Fisheries (Matshya Bhaban, Dhaka), for his contribution to the knowledge of the fishes of Bangladesh

Psilorhynchus robustus Conway & Kottelat 2007    strong or robust, referring to overall robust appearance

Psilorhynchus rowleyi Hora & Misra 1941    in honor of Maj. Guy Rowley, a shikari (big game hunter), member of expedition that collected type

Psilorhynchus sucatio (Hamilton 1822)    latinization of sukati, local Gangetic name for this species

Psilorhynchus tenura Arunachalam & Muralidharan 2008    tenuis, thin; oura, tail, referring to slender peduncle region

Psilorhynchus tysoni Conway & Pinion 2016    in honor of ichthyologist Tyson R. Roberts (b. 1940), who collected most of the type specimens and made them available for study