Order CYPRINIFORMES: Family CYPRINIDAE: Subfamily CYPRININAE (q-x)

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v. 19.0 – 29 April 2017  view/download PDF

Subfamily CYPRININAE (Qianlabeo through Xenobarbus)
Taxonomic note: includes taxa historically placed in subfamilies Barbinae and Labeoninae.

Qianlabeo Zhang & Chen 2004    Qian, a short appellation of Guizhou Province, China, where Q. striatus was collected; Labeo, a generic name used here as a suffix for labeonin genera

Qianlabeo striatus Zhang & Chen 2004    striped, referring to longitudinal dark stripe along side of body

Rectoris Lin 1935    rectus, straight; oris, mouth, referring to “very slightly arched” mouth and/or straight lower jaw

Rectoris longibarbus Zhu, Zhang & Lan 2012    longus, long; barbus, barbel, referring to pair of well-developed maxillary barbels

Rectoris longifinus Li, Mao & Lu 2002    longus, long; finus, latinization of Anglo-Saxon fin, referring to longer fins compared to R. posehensis

Rectoris luxiensis Wu & Yao 1977    –ensis, suffix denoting place: Luxi County, Hunan, China, type locality

Rectoris mutabilis (Lin 1933)    variable, allusion not specified, possibly referring to how this “Chinese species differs from that [Epalzeorhynchos kalopterus] of the [Indo-Australian] Archipelago” and perhaps other species then placed in Epalzeorhynchos

Rectoris posehensis Lin 1935    ensis, suffix denoting place: Poseh, Kwangsi, China, type locality

Rohtee Sykes 1839    local name for R. ogilbii among the Maratha people of India

Rohtee ogilbii Sykes 1839    in honor of Sykes’ friend, William Ogilby (1808-1873), Irish banister and naturalist, “distingushed member” of the Zoological Society of London [also father of James Douglas Ogilby, who described many Australian fishes]

Rohteichthys Bleeker 1860    rohte, referring to similarity to Rohtee, from which it differs in having a larger mouth and a smaller anal fin; ichthys, fish

Rohteichthys microlepis (Bleeker 1850)    micro-, small; lepis, scale, referring to small scales, 60 in longitudinal series, 20 in transverse series

Sahyadria Raghavan, Philip, Ali & Dahanukar 2013    –ia, belonging to: Sahyadri, vernacular name for the Western Ghats mountain ranges of India, where both species are endemic

Sahyadria chalakkudiensis (Menon, Rema Devi & Thobias 1999)    –ensis, suffix denoting place: Chalakkudi River, Western Ghats, Trichur, Kerala, India, type locality

Sahyadria denisonii (Day 1865)    in honor of William Denison (1804-1871), Governor of Madras from 1861 to 1866

Sanagia Holly 1926    ia, belonging to: Sanaga River in Cameroon, where S. velifera is endemic

Sanagia velifera Holly 1926    velum, sail; fero, to bear, referring to large, sail-like dorsal fin

Sawbwa Annandale 1918    etymology not explained, probably Sawbwa (Saopha), royal title used by rulers of the Shan States of Myanmar, alluding to regal coloration of S. resplendens

Sawbwa resplendens Annandale 1918    resplendent, referring to brilliant coloration of breeding males, with “bright metallic steely blue” body and bright scarlet on chest, head, and caudal and anal fins

Scaphiodonichthys Vinciguerra 1890    scapho-, scoop, odon, tooth, referring to resemblance to Scaphiodon Heckel 1843 (=Capoeta); ichthys, fish

Scaphiodonichthys acanthopterus (Fowler 1934)    acanthus, spine; pterus, fin, referring to spine-like fourth ray on dorsal fin

Scaphiodonichthys burmanicus Vinciguerra 1890    Burmese, referring to type locality at Meekalan, Tenasserim, Burma (now Myanmar)

Scaphiodonichthys macracanthus (Pellegrin & Chevey 1936)    macro-, long; acanthus, spine, referring to “very strongly ossified” (translation) ray on dorsal fin

Scaphognathops Smith 1945    scapho-, scoop; gnathus, jaw; ops, face or appearance, referring to narrow, scoop-like lower jaw with lip confined to sides

Scaphognathops bandanensis Boonyaratpalin & Srirungroj 1971    ensis, suffix denoting place: Ban Dan, Thailand, town at mouth of Mun River where it meets the Mekong, type locality (also occurs in Laos)

Scaphognathops stejnegeri (Smith 1931)    in honor of Leonhard Stejneger (1851-1943), head curator of biology at the United States National Museum

Scaphognathops theunensis Kottelat 1998    ensis, suffix denoting place: Nam Theun river, Laos, only known area of occurrence

Schismatorhynchos Bleeker 1855    schismatos, split or divided; rhynchos, snout, referring to cleft snout of S. heterorhynchos

Schismatorhynchos endecarhapis Siebert & Tjakrawidjaja 1998    endeka, eleven; rhapis, rod, referring to modal number (11) of branched rays in dorsal fin

Schismatorhynchos heterorhynchos (Bleeker 1854)    heteros, different or special; rhynchus, snout, referring to deep horizontal cleft in snout

Schismatorhynchos holorhynchos Siebert & Tjakrawidjaja 1998    holos, whole or entire; rhynchos, snout, referring to absence of snout deep cleft of sister species, S. heterorhynchos

Schizocypris Regan 1914    schizo-, cleft, here referring to affinity to Schizothorax and Schizopygopsis; cypris, a small carp, a common suffix for cyprinid genera

Schizocypris altidorsalis Bianco & Bănărescu 1982    altus, high, referring to very high dorsalis, dorsal fin

Schizocypris brucei Regan 1914    in honor of Major G. E. Bruce, who collected type and presented it to the British Museum (Natural History)

Schizocypris ladigesi Karaman 1969    in honor of aquarist and ichthyologist Werner Ladiges (1910-1984), director, Zoologisches Staats Instutut and Zoologisches Museum de Hamburg, for offering Karaman an “employment opportunity” (translation)

Schizopyge Heckel 1847    schizo-, split; pyge, rump, referring to membranous fold in front of anal fin, slightly separating scales on both sides of vent

Schizopyge dainellii (Vinciguerra 1916)    in honor of geographer Giotto Dainelli (1878-1968), who “lovingly cared” (translation) for the preservation of central Asian fishes collected by and/or under the auspices of Filippo De Filippi (1814-1867), including type of this one

Schizopyge dolichonema (Herzenstein 1889)    dolichos, long; nema, thread, allusion not explained, perhaps referring to rostral barbels, which more or less reach the eye, and maxillary barbels, which reach the preoperculum

Schizopyge gongshanensis (Tsao 1964)    –ensis, suffix denoting place: Gongshan County, Yunnan Province, China, type locality

Schizopyge lissolabiata (Tsao 1964)    lissos, smooth; labiata, lipped, referring to smooth lower lip (compared to rough or bumpy lower lip of congeners)

Schizopyge niger (Heckel 1838)    black or dark, referring to dark black coloration in spirits and/or dark spots on body

Schizopyge nukiangensis (Tsao 1964)    –ensis, suffix denoting place: upper and lower reaches of Nukiang (also spelled Nujiang) River, Yunnan Province, China, type locality

Schizopygopsis Steindachner 1866    opsis, appearance, referring to similarity to Schizopyge, particularly membranous fold in front of anal fin

Schizopygopsis anteroventris Wu & Tsao 1989    anteres, opposite, probably referring to how ventral (pelvic) fins are directly opposite base of first dorsal-fin ray

Schizopygopsis kessleri Herzenstein 1891    in memory or Russian ichthyologist Karl Federovich Kessler (1815-1881)

Schizopygopsis kialingensis Tsao & Tun 1962    ensis, suffix denoting place: Jialing River, Gansu Province, China, type locality

Schizopygopsis malacanthus malacanthus Herzenstein 1891    malacos, soft; acanthus, spine, presumably referring to “very little thickened” dorsal spine on larger individuals in which serrations are “more or less atrophied” (translations)

Schizopygopsis malacanthus baoxingensis Fu, DIng & Ye 1994    ensis, suffix denoting place: Baoxing County, Sichuan, China, type locality

Schizopygopsis malacanthus chengi (Fang 1936)    in honor of W. C. Cheng, assistant botanist, Herbarium of the Biological Laboratory of the Science Society of China, who collected type

Schizopygopsis pylzovi Kessler 1876    in honor of Lieut. Mikhail Alexandrovich Pylzov, member of Nikolai Przhevalsky (also spelled Przewalski and Prjevalsky) expedition to Mongolia that collected type

Schizopygopsis stolickai stolickai Steindachner 1866    in honor of paleontologist Ferdinand Stoliczka (1838-1874), who collected type [spelled stoličkai by Steindachner; caron is deleted per ICZN Art. 32.5.2.1 but some authors incorrectly amend spelling to “stoliczkai”]

Schizopygopsis stolickai bangongensis Wu & Zhu 1979    ensis, suffix denoting place: Ban-Gong Lake, Tibet, China, type locality

Schizopygopsis stolickai maphamyumensis Wu & Zhu 1979    ensis, suffix denoting place: Mapham Yu Tso (Lake Manasarovar), Tibet, China, where it is endemic

Schizopygopsis thermalis Herzenstein 1891    Latin for hot spring, referring to habitat at Tan la mountains of Tibet, elevation 4572-4877 meters

Schizopygopsis younghusbandi younghusbandi Regan 1905    patronym not identified but clearly in honor of Lieut.-Col. Francis Edward Younghusband (1863-1942), who led a 1904 British expedition to (and de facto invasion of) Tibet, during which type was collected

Schizopygopsis younghusbandi himalayensis Tsao 1974    ensis, suffix denoting place: referring to distribution near Zhumulangma Mountain (Mt. Everest) in the Himilayas of Tibet

Schizopygopsis younghusbandi shannaensis Wu, Tsao, Chen & Zhu 1992    ensis, suffix denoting place: Shannan Region of Tibet, where the it appears to be endemic

Schizopygopsis younghusbandi wui Tchang, Yueh & Hwang 1964    in honor of Hsien-Wen Wu, for his contributions to Chinese ichthyology

Schizothorax Heckel 1838    schizo-, split; thorax, shield, referring to membranous fold in front of anal fin, slightly separating scales on both sides of vent

Subgenus Schizothorax

Schizothorax beipanensis Yang, Chen & Yang 2009    ensis, suffix denoting place: Beipan Jiang, Xuanwei County, Yunnan Province, China, type locality

Schizothorax chivae Arunkumar & Alphonsa Moyon 2016    of the Chiva River, Manipur, India, type locality

Schizothorax cryptolepis Fu & Ye 1984    crypto-, conceal or hide; lepis, scale, referring to minute scales on side, embedded under skin

Schizothorax curvifrons (Heckel 1838)    curvus, bent; frons, face, referring to rounded or convex forehead

Schizothorax edeniana McClelland 1842    iana, belonging to: Eden, “named in honor of a Nobleman [possibly George Eden, 1st Earl of Auckland, who served as Governor-General of India from 1836-1842] to whom Science is indebted for the opportunities afforded Mr. [William] Griffith [who collected type] of extending his Botanical Researches from the Straits of Malacca into Central Asia”

Schizothorax heteri Yang, Zhen, Chen & Yang 2013     derived from the Greek heteros, another or disparate, presumably alluding to “singular schizothorax” (translation) vernacular, although what is “singular” about this species is not apparent

Schizothorax heterochilus Ye & Fu 1986    heteros, special or different; cheilus, lip, referring to thick lower lip, divided into three lobes (compared to two lobes on Schizopyge lissolabiata, its presumed congener at time of description), with an evident middle lobe (compared to covered middle lobe of S. davidi)

Schizothorax heterophysallidos Yang, Chen & Yang 2009    heteros, special or different; physallidos, air bladder, referring to air bladder (with an elongated posterior chamber, unique amongst members of S. griseus complex)

Schizothorax huegelii Heckel 1838    in honor of Carl (also known as Charles) von Hügel (1795-1870), Austrian army officer, diplomat, botanist and explorer, who collected type

Schizothorax kumaonensis Menon 1971    ensis, suffix denoting place: Kumaon Himalayas, India, only known area of occurrence

Schizothorax lepidothorax Yang 1991    lepis, scale; thorax, chest, referring to minute scales on thorax and abdomen

Schizothorax leukus Yang, Zhen, Chen & Yang 2013    white or bright, apparently referring to “white body schizothorax” (translation) vernacular; since body color is described as dark brown, name may refer to silvery-white abdomen (characteristic of genus) instead

Schizothorax microcephalus Day 1877    micro-, small; cephalus, head, referring to smaller head compared to several congeners, 5-5½ times in total length

Schizothorax nasus Heckel 1838    nose, referring to snout projecting beyond axis of body

Schizothorax nepalensis Terashima 1984    ensis, suffix denoting place: Nepal, where it is endemic to Lake Rara

Schizothorax nudiventris Yang, Chen & Yang 2009    nudus, naked; venter, abdomen, referring to scalesless thorax and abdomen anterior to pelvic-fin origin

Schizothorax plagiostomus Heckel 1838    plagio, oblique; stoma, mouth, referring to transverse mouth

Schizothorax prophylax Pietschmann 1933    Greek for advance guard, allusion not explained nor evident

Schizothorax richardsonii (Gray 1832)    patronym not identified, probably in honor of surgeon-naturalist John Richardson (1787-1865), whom Gray had elsewhere called the leading authority on fishes in Britain

Schizothorax sinensis Herzenstein 1889    ensis, suffix denoting place: Sinica (China), where it is endemic

Schizothorax skarduensis Mirza & Awan 1978    ensis, suffix denoting place: Skardu, Baltistan District, Pakistan, type locality

Schizothorax zarudnyi (Nikolskii 1897)    in honor of Nikolai Zarudny (1859-1919), Ukrainian-Russian explorer and ornithologist, who collected type (Artém Prokofiev, pers. comm.)

Subgenus Racoma McClelland & Griffith 1842    latinization of Rakoma, presumably a word of Indian origin, meaning “torn garment,” allusion not specified, perhaps referring to labial fold on protractile lower jaw, especially on R. brevis (=S. intermedius or S. curvifrons): “lips covered with a thick fleshy membrane, which forms a loose appendage to the lower jaw”

Schizothorax argentatus Kessler 1874    silvery, referring to silvery-white color in young (dark olive in larger specimens, black in others)

Schizothorax biddulphi Günther 1876    in honor of Capt. John Biddulph (1840-1921), soldier, author and naturalist, who presented specimens (skins) to the British Museum (Natural History)

Schizothorax chongi (Fang 1936)    in honor of ornithologist L. T. Chong, Academia Sinica, who helped Fang collect specimens, including type of this one

Schizothorax curvilabiatus (Wu & Tsao 1992)    curvus, bent; labiatus, lipped, presumably referring to lower lip, arched as in S. integrilabiatus, but with a split (i.e., bend) in the middle

Schizothorax davidi (Sauvage 1880)    in honor of Armand David (1826-1900), Lazarist missionary Catholic priest and biologist, who collected many specimens in China, including type of this one

Schizothorax esocinus Heckel 1838    pike-like, referring to shape of head, similar to that of pikes (Esox, Esocidae)

Schizothorax eurystomus Kessler 1872    eury, wide; stoma, mouth; Kessler twice mentioned that inferior mouth is wide but provided no quantitative or comparative data (Artém Prokofiev, pers. comm.)

Schizothorax grahami (Regan 1904)    in honor of missionary John Graham, who collected many fishes in Yunnan, China, including type of this one

Schizothorax griseus Pellegrin 1931    gray, referring to brownish-gray coloration on back and grayish or yellowish sides and belly

Schizothorax integrilabiatus (Wu et al. 1992)    integer, whole or entire; labiatus, lipped, presumably referring to fullness of lower lip, compared to split lower lip of S. curvilabiatus [note: original description gives authorship as “Wu et al.” with no explanation of who the other authors might be]

Schizothorax intermedius intermedius McClelland & Griffith 1842    etymology not explained, presumably intermediate in form among five nominal Schizothorax species discussed by McClelland, but comparison of characters does not seem to support this interpretation

Schizothorax intermedius eurycephalus Berg 1932    eury, wide; cephalus, head, referring to longer, thicker head compared to S. i. intermedius

Schizothorax intermedius talassi Turdakov 1955    of Talas River, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, where it is endemic

Schizothorax kozlovi Nikolskii 1903    in honor of explorer Pyotr K. Kozlov (1863-1935), Imperial Russian Geographical Society, whose 1899-1901 expedition to Mongolia and Tibet yielded a rich natural history collection, including type of this species

Schizothorax labiatus (McClelland 1842)    large-lipped, probably referring to “enlargement of the lips”

Schizothorax labrosus Wang, Zhuang & Gao 1981    thick-lipped, probably referring to “fleshy” lips

Schizothorax lantsangensis Tsao 1964    ensis, suffix denoting place: Lantsang River, Yunnan Province, China, type locality

Schizothorax longibarbus (Fang 1936)    longus, long; barbus, barbel, referring to long barbels, even longer than S. grahami

Schizothorax macrophthalmus Terashima 1984    macro-, large; opthalmos, eye, referring to large eye diameter, 5.8% of standard length

Schizothorax macropogon Regan 1905    macro-, long; pogon, beard, referring to long barbels, half as long as head or more

Schizothorax microstomus Hwang 1982    micro-, small; stomus, mouth, referring to smaller mouth compared to S. labrosus and S. ninglangensis

Schizothorax ninglangensis Wang, Zhang & Zhuang 1981    ensis, suffix denoting place: Ninglang County, Yunnan Province, China, where type locality (Lake Lugu) is situated

Schizothorax oconnori Lloyd 1908    patronym not identified, probably in honor of Capt. William Frederick Travers O’Connor (1870-1953), part of the 1904 British expedition to Tibet, during which type was collected

Schizothorax paoshanensis Tsao 1964    –ensis, suffix denoting place: Paoshan (also spelled Baoshan) County, Yunnan Province, type locality

Schizothorax parvus Tsao 1964    small, referring to small size compared to most congeners, 70-185 mm TL

Schizothorax pelzami Kessler 1870    in honor of A. D. Pelzam, assistant at Kazan University, Russia, who collected type

Schizothorax prenanti (Tchang 1930)    patronym not identified, possibly in honor of embryologist Auguste Prenant (1861-1927) or his son, parasitologist Marcel Prenant (1893-1983)

Schizothorax progastus (McClelland 1839)    pro-, before, forward or in front of, or protos, first; gaster, belly, etymology not explained, perhaps referring in some way to how “abdomen is abruptly enlarged beneath the pectorals” and/or how “stomach is of considerable size”

Schizothorax pseudoaksaiensis pseudoaksaiensis Herzenstein 1889    pseudo-, false, although this species resembles (and was previously misidentified as) S. aksaiensis (=intermedius), such an appearance is false

Schizothorax pseudoaksaiensis issykkuli Berg 1907    ensis, suffix denoting place: Lake Issyk-Kul, Kyrgyzstan, where it is endemic

Schizothorax pseudoaksaiensis tschuensis Pivnev 1985    ensis, suffix denoting place: Chu River, Kyrgyzstan, where it is endemic

Schizothorax ramzani (Javed, Azizullah & Pervaiz 2012)    in honor of the “very eminent” Pakistanian ichthyologist Muhammad Ramzan Mirza

Schizothorax raraensis Terashima 1984    ensis, suffix denoting place: Lake Rara, northwestern Nepal, where it is endemic

Schizothorax saltans Turdakov 1955    salty, presumably referring to high end-of-summer salinity of Ashchi-Kul Lake, Kyrgyzstan, where this species (now feared extinct) occurred

Schizothorax waltoni Regan 1905    in honor of Capt. Herbert James Walton (1869-1938), surgeon and naturalist, who collected type during a 1904 British expedition to Tibet

Schizothorax wangchiachii (Fang 1936)    in honor of Wang Chia-chi, director, National Research Institute of Biology, Academia Sinica, for allowing Fang to “stay a rather longer period in the European museums and institutes for carrying on his ichthyological work”

Schizothorax yunnanensis yunnanensis Norman 1923    ensis, suffix denoting place: Yunnan Province, China, type locality

Schizothorax yunnanensis weiningensis Chen 1998    ensis, suffix denoting place: Weining County, Guizhou Province, China, where type locality (Caohai Lake) is situated

Semilabeo Peters 1881    semi-, partial, referring to similarity to Labeo

Semilabeo notabilis Peters 1881    remarkable or notable, allusion not specified, but based on accompanying illustration perhaps referring to recessed papillae at end of snout and/or to broad, papillose lips ending in a bib-like point

Semilabeo obscurus Lin 1981    dark or dusky, presumably referring to color pattern, lacking distinct stripes or bands

Semiplotus Bleeker 1860    semi-, half; plotus, swimmer, allusion not explained nor evident, apparently based on specific epithet of type species, Cyprinus semiplotus (=Cyprinion semiplotum) McClelland 1839, which Bleeker unnecessarily renamed as S. macclellandi in a subsequent publication

Semiplotus cirrhosus Chaudhuri 1919    full of curls, presumably referring to its being the only barbeled member of the genus

Semiplotus manipurensis Vishwanath & Kosygin 2000    –ensis, suffix denoting place: Manipur, India, only known distribution

Semiplotus modestus Day 1870    moderate, presumably referring to how it appears “intermediate” between the genera Semiplotus and Cyprinion

Sikukia Smith 1931    ia, belonging to: Sikuk River, Thailand, type locality of S. stejnegeri

Sikukia flavicaudata Chu & Chen 1987    flavus, yellow; caudata, tailed, referring to yellow caudal fin

Sikukia gudgeri (Smith 1934)    in honor of Eugene W. Gudger (1866-1956), American Museum of Natural History, “indefatigable student and bibliographer of fishes and prolific writer on the fishes of the world”

Sikukia longibarbata Li, Chen, Yang & Chen 1998    longus, long; barbatus, barbeled, referring to long barbels, which extend just past the eye

Sikukia stejnegeri Smith 1931    in honor of Leonhard Stejneger (1851-1943), head curator of biology at the United States National Museum

Sinigarra Zhang & Zhou 2012    Sino-, Chinese, referring to only country where it occurs; Garra, generic name used for labeonin species that usually possess a lower lip modified into a mental adhesive disc and three rows of pharyngeal teeth, referring to presence of a similar disc-like structure

Sinigarra napoensis Zhang & Zhou 2012    ensis, suffix denoting place: Napo County, Guangxi Province, China, where it is endemic (gender corrected from napoense)

Sinilabeo Rendahl 1933    Sino-, Chinese, referring to country where type species, S. hummeli (misidentified as Varicorhinus [=Bangana] tungting), is endemic; labeo, “according to its shape in a morphological line with the genus Labeo” (translation)

Sinilabeo hummeli Zhang, Kullander & Chen 2006    in honor of David Hummel, physician with a Sino-Swedish expedition (1927-1935) to China (led by Sven Hedin), who collected first specimen (now paratype) from upper Yangtze River basin in 1930

Sinilabeo longibarbatus Chen & Zheng 1988    longus, long; barbatus, bearded, referring to long barbels

Sinocrossocheilus Wu 1977    Sino-, Sinica (China), being Chinese species that share the fringed (crosso) upper lip (cheilos) of Crossocheilus

Sinocrossocheilus bamaensis (Fang 1981)    ensis, suffix denoting place: Bama County, Guangxi Province, China, where type locality (Panyang River) is situated

Sinocrossocheilus guizhouensis Wu 1977    ensis, suffix denoting place: Guizhou Province, China, where type locality (Wujiang River system) is situated

Sinocrossocheilus labiatus Su, Yang & Cui 2003    large-lipped, referring to wider center of lower lip compared to congeners

Sinocrossocheilus liuchengensis (Liang, Liu & Wu 1987)    ensis, suffix denoting place: Liu Cheng County, Guangxi Province, China, type locality

Sinocrossocheilus megalophthalmus Chen, Yang & Cui 2006    mega-, large; ophthalmus, eye, referring to large eye, diameter 2.5-3.1 times in head length

Sinocyclocheilus Fang 1936    Sino-, Sinica (China), being Chinese species closely related to Cyclocheilus

Sinocyclocheilus altishoulderus (Li & Lan 1992)    altus, high; shoulderus, latinization of Anglo-Saxon shoulder, referring to humpbacked body

Sinocyclocheilus aluensis Li, Xiao, Feng & Zhao 2005    ensis, suffix denoting place: Alu cave, Luxi County, Yunnan, China, only known area of occurrence

Sinocyclocheilus anatirostris Lin & Luo 1986    anatis, duck-like; rostris, beak, referring to duckbilled snout

Sinocyclocheilus angularis Zheng & Wang 1990    angled, referring to anterior angular process at back of head

Sinocyclocheilus angustiporus Zheng & Xie 1985    angust, narrow; porus, hole or opening, referring to narrower gill opening compared to S. grahami

Sinocyclocheilus anophthalmus Chen, Chu, Luo & Wu 1988    an, without; opthalmus, eye, being a blind species, either eyeless or with small, vestigial eyes

Sinocyclocheilus anshuiensis Gan, Wu, Wei & Yang 2013     –ensis, suffix denoting place: Anshui, a village in Lingyun County, Guangxi, China, where type locality (a cave) is situated

Sinocyclocheilus aquihornes Li & Yang 2007    aquila, eagle, referring to aquiline shape of head, i.e., triangular like beak of eagle; hornes, latinization of Anglo-Saxon horn, referring to horn-like bony protruberance on nape

Sinocyclocheilus biangularis Wang 1996    bi-, two, referring to forked angular process (horn) on back of head

Sinocyclocheilus bicornutus Wang & Liao 1997    bi-, two; cornutus, horned, referring to forked horn on nape

Sinocyclocheilus brevibarbatus Zhao, Lan & Zhang 2009    brevis, short; barbatus, barbeled, referring to short maxillary and rictal barbels (1.7-5.7% and 4.5-7.0% of SL, respectively)

Sinocyclocheilus brevifinus Li, Li & Mayden 2014    brevis, short; finus, latinization of the Anglo-Saxon fin, referring to its short fins

Sinocyclocheilus brevis Lan & Chen 1992    short, referring to short body length in relation to height

Sinocyclocheilus broadihornes Li & Mao 2007    latinization of Anglo-Saxon broad and horn, referring to wide, horn-like bony protruberance on nape

Sinocyclocheilus cyphotergous (Dai 1988)    cypho-, curved or convex; tergum, back, referring to humped back

Sinocyclocheilus donglanensis Zhao, Watanabe & Zhang 2006    from cave in Donglan County, Guangxi Province, China, only known area of occurrence

Sinocyclocheilus dongtangensis Zhou, Liu & Wang 2011    ensis, suffix denoting place: Dongtang Cave, Libo County, Guizhou Province, China, type locality

Sinocyclocheilus flexuosdorsalis Zhu & Zhu 2012    flexione, bending; dorsalis, of the back, referring to curved dorsal profile, with horn-like bony protruberance that bends down toward parietal

Sinocyclocheilus furcodorsalis Chen, Yang & Lan 1997    furca, fork; dorsalis, on the back, referring to bifurcation on  anterior part of horn-like bony protruberance on nape

Sinocyclocheilus gracilicaudatus Zhao & Zhang 2014    
gracilis, slender; caudatus, tail, referring to narrow caudal peduncle and caudal fin

Sinocyclocheilus gracilis Li & Li 2014    slender, referring to its elongate appearance

Sinocyclocheilus grahami (Regan 1904)    in honor of missionary John Graham, who collected many fishes in Yunnan, China, including type of this one

Sinocyclocheilus guanyangensis Chen, Peng & Zhang 2016    –ensis, suffix denoting place: Guanyang County, Guangxi, South China, type locality

Sinocyclocheilus guilinensis Ji 1985    ensis, suffix denoting place: suburbs of Guilin City, Guangxi, China, type locality

Sinocyclocheilus guishanensis Li 2003    ensis, suffix denoting place: Guishan, Shinlin County, Yunnan Province, China, only known area of occurrence

Sinocyclocheilus huangtianensis Zhu, Zhu & Lan 2011    ensis, suffix denoting place: Huangtian (also spelled Huangyan and Huang Yao), Guangxi, China, type locality

Sinocyclocheilus huaningensis Li 1998    ensis, suffix denoting place: Huaning County, Yunnan Province, China, only known area of occurrence

Sinocyclocheilus huanjiangensis Wu, Gan & Li 2010    ensis, suffix denoting place: Huanjiang County, Guangxi Province, China, where type locality (Guanx cave) is situated

Sinocyclocheilus hugeibarbus Li & Ran 2003     latinization of huge; barbus, barbel, referring to long and thick barbels, with rictal barbel reaching beyond posterior edge of opercle

Sinocyclocheilus huizeensis Cheng, Pan, Chen, Li, Ma & Yang 2015    ensis, suffix denoting place: Huize County, Yunnan Province, China, where Dalong Spring (type locality) is situated

Sinocyclocheilus hyalinus Chen & Yang 1993    hyalinos, glass, referring to semi-transparency in life

Sinocyclocheilus jii Zhang & Dai 1992    in honor of Cunshan Ji, who described the similar S. guilinensis

Sinocyclocheilus jiuxuensis Li & Lan 2003    ensis, suffix denoting place: Jiuxu cave, Hechi City, Guangxi Province, China, only known area of occurrence

Sinocyclocheilus lateristriatus Li 1992    lateralis, of the side; striatus, striped, referring to black stripe along lateral line

Sinocyclocheilus liboensis Li, Chen & Ran 2004    ensis, suffix denoting place: a cave in Libo County, Guizhou Province, China, only known area of occurrence

Sinocyclocheilus lingyunensis Li, Xiao & Luo 2000    ensis, suffix denoting place: Lingyun County, Guangxi Province, China, only known area of occurrence

Sinocyclocheilus longibarbatus Wang & Chen 1989    longus, long; barbatus, bearded, referring to much longer barbels compared to S. grahami

Sinocyclocheilus longifinus Li 1996    longus, long; finus, latinization of Anglo-Saxon fin, referring to long pectoral fin, which reaches pelvic fin insertion

Sinocyclocheilus luolouensis Lan 2013    ensis, suffix denoting place: Luolou Town, Lingyun County, Guangzi Province, China, where Youjiang River (type locality) is situated

Sinocyclocheilus luopingensis Li & Tao 2002    from Luoping County, Yunnan Province, China, only known area of occurrence

Sinocyclocheilus macrocephalus Li 1985    macro-, long; cephalus, head, referring to longer head compared to S. yangzongensis

Sinocyclocheilus macrolepis Wang & Chen 1989    macro-, long; lepis, scale, referring to larger lateral line scales compared to S. malacopterus

Sinocyclocheilus macrophthalmus Zhang & Zhao 2001    macro-, long; ophthalmus, eye, referring to larger eye diameter compared to S. macrolepis and S. macroscalus

Sinocyclocheilus macroscalus Shen et al. 2000    macro-, long; scalus, latinization of Anglo-Saxon scale, referring to large, oval scales [note: original description gives authorship as “Shen et al.” with no explanation of who the other authors might be]

Sinocyclocheilus maculatus Li 2000    spotted, referring to small, round spots on side, gray and black in life, brown in formalin

Sinocyclocheilus maitianheensis Li 1992    ensis, suffix denoting place: Maitianhe River, Yiliang County, Yunnan Province, China, type locality

Sinocyclocheilus malacopterus Chu & Cui 1985    malacos, soft; pterus, fin, referring to soft, unbranched dorsal fin ray

Sinocyclocheilus mashanensis Wu, Liao & Li 2010    ensis, suffix denoting place: Mashan County, Guangxi Province, China, where type locality (Guzhai cave) is situated

Sinocyclocheilus microphthalmus Li 1989    micro-, small; ophthalmus, referring to dot-like, degenerate eyes

Sinocyclocheilus multipunctatus (Pellegrin 1931)    multi-, many; punctatus, spotted, referring to small dark brown spots on sides above lateral line

Sinocyclocheilus oxycephalus Li 1985    oxy, sharp; cephalus, head, referring to very sharp, or acute, snout

Sinocyclocheilus purpureus Li 1985    purplish, referring to color of live specimens (not seen in preserved type specimens)

Sinocyclocheilus qiubeiensis Li 2002    ensis, suffix denoting place: Qiubei County, Yunnan Province, China, type locality

Sinocyclocheilus qujingensis Li, Mao & Lu 2002    ensis, suffix denoting place: Qujing City, Yunnan Province, China, type locality

Sinocyclocheilus rhinocerous Li & Tao 1994    referring to large, rhinoceros-like horn (bony protruberance) on nape

Sinocyclocheilus robustus Chen & Zhao 1988     stout, referring to wide, or “very thick” (translation), body

Sinocyclocheilus tianeensis Li, Xiao & Luo 2003    ensis, suffix denoting place: Tian’e County, Guangxi Province, China, type locality

Sinocyclocheilus tianlinensis Zhou, Zhang & He 2004    ensis, suffix denoting place: Tianlin County, Guangxi Province, China, type locality

Sinocyclocheilus tileihornes Mao, Lu & Li 2003    latinization of Anglo-Saxon tile and horn, referring to top of horn-like bony protruberance forked like a Chinese roof tile

Sinocyclocheilus tingi Fang 1936    in honor of the late V. K. Ting, geologist and former general secretary of the Academia Sinica, who died while inspecting a coal mine, “for his zeal in promoting the development of geological, paleontological and marine biological sciences in China”

Sinocyclocheilus wui Li & Li 2013    in memory of the authors’ predecessor, Xian-Wen Wu, noted authority on Chinese cyprinids

Sinocyclocheilus wumengshanensis Li, Mao & Lu 2003    ensis, suffix denoting place: Wumenghshan Mountains, Yunnan Province, China, type locality

Sinocyclocheilus xichouensis Pan, Li, Yang & Chen 2013    –ensis, suffix denoting place: Xichou County, Yunnan Province, China, type locality

Sinocyclocheilus xunlensis Lan, Zhao & Zhang 2004    ensis, suffix denoting place: Xunle, Huanjiang County, Guangxi Province, China, type locality

Sinocyclocheilus yangzongensis Tsü & Chen 1977    ensis, suffix denoting place: Yangzonghai Lake (at exit of subterranean stream), Yunnan Province, China, only known area of occurrence

Sinocyclocheilus yaolanensis Zhou, Li & Hou 2009    ensis, suffix denoting place: Yaolan Village, Libo County, Guizhou Province, China, type locality

Sinocyclocheilus yimenensis Li, Xiao, Feng & Zhao 2005    ensis, suffix denoting place: Yimen County, Yunnan Province, China, only known area of occurrence

Sinocyclocheilus yishanensis Li & Lan 1992    ensis, suffix denoting place: Yishan County, Guangxi Province, China, type locality

Speolabeo Kottelat 2017    speos, cave or cavern, referring to its habitat; labeo, a labeonine cyprinid

Speolabeo musaei (Kottelat & Steiner 2011)    of the musaeum, cave, referring to cave habitat in central Laos

Spinibarbichthys Oshima 1926    “closely allied” to Spinibarbus; ichthys, fish

Spinibarbichthys denticulatus Oshima 1926    denticulated, i.e., finely toothed or notched, possibly referring to serrate dorsal spine

Spinibarbichthys ovalius (Nguyen & Ngo 2001)    oval, allusion not explained, probably referring to “high and short” (translation) body, which appears oval in the figured specimen

Spinibarbichthys yunnanensis (Tsü 1977)    –ensis, suffix denoting place: Yunnan Province, China, where it is endemic

Spinibarbus Oshima 1919    spinus, spine, referring to forward-pointing “recumbent” spine in front of dorsal; barbus, barbel, probably used here as a standard suffix for a barbeled cyprinid

Spinibarbus babeensis Nguyen 2001    ensis, suffix denoting place: Ba Bê Lake, Bác Kan, Viêt Nam, type locality

Spinibarbus brevicephalus Nguyen & Nguyen 1997    brevis, short; cephalus, head [description not yet seen]

Spinibarbus caldwelli (Nichols 1925)    in honor of Methodist missionary to China, Harry R. Caldwell, who collected type

Spinibarbus hollandi Oshima 1919    in honor of zoologist-paleontologist William J. Holland (1848-1932), Director of the Carnegie Museum, in whose journal Oshima’s paper appeared

Spinibarbus maensis Nguyen, Duong & Tran 2007    –ensis, suffix denoting place: Ma River, Camthuy district, Thanh Province, Viêt Nam, type locality

Spinibarbus polylepis Chu 1989    poly, many; lepis, scale, referring to more scales on lateral line and predorsal space than Spinibarbichthys denticulatus, its congener at time of description

Spinibarbus sinensis (Bleeker 1871)    ensis, suffix denoting place: Sinica (China), where it is endemic to the Yangtze River

Spinibarbus vittatus Nguyen & Nguyen 1997    striped,  referring to black lateral band from behind gill cover to caudal fin

Stenorynchoacrum Huang, Yang & Chen 2014    stenos, narrow; rhyncos, snout; acrum, extremities (e.g., snout, ears), referring to ventral margin of rostral cap, which is narrow and undeveloped   

Stenorynchoacrum xijiangensis Huang, Yang & Chen 2014 
ensis, suffix denoting place: Xi Jiang drainage, Guangxi Province, China, type locality

Striuntius Kottelat 2013    combination of parts of the word striatus, striped, referring to color pattern of S. lineatus, and the genus name Puntius, in which it had been placed

Striuntius lineatus (Duncker 1904)    lined, referring to 5-6 lateral stripes on body

Systomus McClelland 1838    “From Systomos, that has a narrow mouth” (allusion uncertain)

Systomus asoka (Kottelat & Pethiyagoda 1989)    in honor of Sri Lankan aquarist Asoka Mivanpalana, who discovered this fish in the 1950s

Systomus binduchitra (Hora 1937)    “combined” Sanskrit word for spotted, referring to small black spots on scales on posterior half of body on specimens over 56 mm TL

Systomus chryseus Plamoottil 2015    golden-yellow, referring to its color

Systomus clavatus (McClelland 1845)    club-shaped, allusion not evident, perhaps referring to elongate, strongly compressed body

Systomus compressiformis (Cockerell 1913)    compressus, compressed; formis, form or shape, referring to strongly compressed body [replacement name for Barbus compressus Boulenger 1893, preoccupied by Barbus (Barbodes) compressus Day 1870]

Systomus immaculatus McClelland 1839    im-, not; maculatus, spotted, presumably referring to unspotted body coloration, described as green above and greenish white below

Systomus jacobusboehlkei (Fowler 1958)    in honor of ichthyologist James (latinized as Jacobus) E. Böhlke (1930-1982), Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia

Systomus laticeps Plamoottil 2016    latus, wide; ceps, head, referring to wider head compared to congeners

Systomus martenstyni (Kottelat & Pethiyagoda 1991)    in honor of naturalist and diver Cedric Martenstyn, who contributed to the book on Sri Lankan freshwater fishes in which this description appeared by “collecting many of the more hard-to-get species …, almost all of them from remote locations that required a great expenditure of time and effort to reach”

Systomus orphoides (Valenciennes 1842)    –oides, having the form of: referring to similarity to Cyprinus orphus (=Leuciscus idus) [a simultaneous synonym of Barbus rubripinnus Valenciennes 1842, which some authorities treat as the valid name for this species; ruber, red; pinnis, fin, referring to “light pink” fins (translation)]

Systomus pleurotaenia (Bleeker 1863)    pleuro-, side; taeniatus, striped, referring to dark longitudinal band from eye to base of caudal fin

Systomus rufus Plamoottil 2015    red, referring to color of fins   

Systomus sarana (Hamilton 1822)    Bengali vernacular for this species

Systomus sewelli (Prashad & Mukerji 1929)    patronym not identified but almost certainly in honor of Lieut.-Col. R. B. Seymour Sewell (1880-1964), Director, Zoological Survey of India

Systomus spilurus (Günther 1868)    spilos, mark of spot; oura, tail, referring to large black blotch at caudal fin base

Systomus subnasutus (Valenciennes 1842)    sub-, less than; nasutus, nosed, presumably referring to small muzzle (“petit museau”)

Tariqilabeo Mirza & Saboohi 1990    in honor of Zafarullah Khan Tariq, Deputy Director, Department of Plant Protection, Government of Pakistan, who collected specimens of T. macmahoni used in the authors’ study; labeo, originally proposed as a subgenus of Labeo

Tariqilabeo bicornis (Wu 1977)    bi-, two; cornis, horn, referring to pair of fleshy rostral flaps on tip of snout

Tariqilabeo burmanicus Hora 1936    icus, belonging to: Burma (Myanmar), being a “Burmese form” of Y. latius

Tariqilabeo diplochilus (Heckel 1838)    diplo, twofold; cheilus, referring to upper lip, which consists of two fleshy folds that cover mouth when it is closed

Tariqilabeo latius (Hamilton 1822)    latinization of Lati, native Bengali name from this species (a name that apparently confused McClelland in 1839: “By giving a Latin termination to Lati … [Hamilton-]Buchanan has rendered it the most inappropriate that could be invented. So far from it being broad [=latius], it is the longest proportioned form among the Paeonominae, and is in fact a true representative of the anguilliform fishes.”)

Tariqilabeo macmahoni (Zugmayer 1912)    patronym not identified; probably in honor of British diplomat and Indian Army officer Arthur Henry McMahon (1862-1949), who asked Zugmayer to establish a collection of marine fishes for a national museum in Quetta, Pakistan [note latinization of “Mc” to “Mac”]

Tariqilabeo periyarensis (Menon & Jacob 1996)    ensis, suffix denoting place: Periyar River, Thanikkudy (Thekkady), Kerala State, South India, type locality

Tariqilabeo wattanah (Sykes 1839)    Marathi vernacular for this species in India, which, as Sykes explained in 1841, he adopted “so that naturalists who travel the country can always obtain” the species

Thynnichthys Bleeker 1859    thynnos, a tunny or large, mackerel-like fish, referring to how head shape of T. thynnoides somewhat resembles head of the scombrid Thynnus thunnina (=Euthynnus alletteratus)

Thynnichthys polylepis Bleeker 1860    poly, many; lepis, many, referring to more numerous longitudinal and transverse scales than T. thynnoides

Thynnichthys sandkhol (Sykes 1839)    Marathi vernacular for this species in India, which, as Sykes explained in 1841, he adopted “so that naturalists who travel the country can always obtain” the species

Thynnichthys thynnoides (Bleeker 1852)    oides, having the form of: thynnos, a tunny or large, mackerel-like fish, referring to how head shape somewhat resembles head of the scombrid Thynnus thunnina (= Euthynnus alletteratus)

Thynnichthys vaillanti Weber & de Beaufort 1916    in honor of Léon Vaillant (1834-1914), Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle (Paris), who observed differences between this species and T. thynnoides in 1902

Tor Gray 1834    referring to “Dr. Hamilton’s Tor Carp,” Tor hamiltonii (= T. tor), derived from tora, a name which, “variously altered or corrupted, or with various additions, may be considered as generic appelations among the natives” for large river cyprinids of the Ganges River system

Tor ater Roberts 1999    black, referring to “generally dark” coloration

Tor dongnaiensis Hoang, Pham, Durand, Tran & Phan 2015    –ensis, suffix denoting place: Đong Nai drainage, southern Viêt Nam, type locality

Tor hemispinus Chen & Chu 1985    hemi-, partial; spinus, spine, easily distinguished from congeners by smooth last simple dorsal fin ray, which is soft and articulated at distal half

Tor khudree (Sykes 1839)    Marathi vernacular for this species in India, which, as Sykes explained in 1841, he adopted “so that naturalists who travel the country can always obtain” the species

Tor kulkarnii Menon 1992    in honor of C. V. Kulkarni, retired Director of Fisheries, Maharashtra, for his outstanding contributions in masheer conservation in India

Tor laterivittatus Zhou & Cui 1996    lateralis, side; vittatus, striped, referring to blackish longitudinal stripe on side of body

Tor macrolepis (Heckel 1838)    macro-, long; lepis, scale, referring to large scales, just three series above lateral line and two below

Tor mekongensis Hoang, Pham, Durand, Tran & Phan 2015    –ensis, suffix denoting place: Mekong drainage of southern Viêt Nam, type locality

Tor mosal (Hamilton 1822)    local Gangetic name for this cyprinid

Tor polylepis Zhou & Cui 1996    poly, many; lepis, scale, referring to higher number of lateral line scales (34-35) compared to congeners (23-28)

Tor putitora (Hamilton 1822)    derived from tora, a name which, “variously altered or corrupted, or with various additions, may be considered as generic appelations among the natives” for large river cyprinids of the Ganges River system

Tor remadeviae Madhusoodana Kurup & Radhakrishnan 2011    in honor of “renowned freshwater fish taxonomist” K. Rema Devi, Scientist, Zoological Survey of India [honors a woman so spelling is corrected from remadevii to remadeviae]

Tor sinensis Wu 1977    ensis, suffix denoting place: Sinica (China), referring to occurrence in Mekong River basin of Yunnan Province (also occurs in Laos)

Tor tambra (Valenciennes 1842)    local name for this species in Java, Indonesia

Tor tambroides (Bleeker 1854)    oides, having the form of: referring to similarity to T. tambra

Tor tor (Hamilton 1822)    one of the “variously altered or corrupted” versions of tora, comprising the “generic appelations among the natives” for large river cyprinids in the Ganges River system

Tor yingjiangensis Chen & Yang 2004    ensis, suffix denoting place: Yingjiang River, Manyun Town, Yunnan Province, China, type locality

Troglocyclocheilus Kottelat & Bréhier 1999    trogle, hole, referring to cave habitat; Cyclocheilus, genus of cyprinids to which this genus is supposedly related

Troglocyclocheilus khammouanensis Kottelat & Bréhier 1999    ensis, suffix denoting place: Khammouan limestone formation, Laos, only known locality

Typhlobarbus Chu & Chen 1982    typhlo-, blind, being a blind, subterranean Barbus-like cyprinid

Typhlobarbus nudiventris Chu & Chen 1982    nudus, bare or naked; ventris, ventral, referring to scaleless thorax and abdomen

Varicorhinus Rüppell 1835    varicose, swollen; rhinus, nose, referring to obtusely rounded snout, with small tubercles, of V. beso

Varicorhinus altipinnis Banister & Poll 1973    altus, high; pinnis, fin, referring to high dorsal fin

Varicorhinus ansorgii Boulenger 1906    in honor of explorer William John Ansorge (1850-1913), who collected type

Varicorhinus axelrodi Getahun, Stiassny & Teugels 2004    in honor of pet-book publisher Herbert R. Axelrod (b. 1927), for his “continuing generous support for ichthyological research and exploration”

Varicorhinus beso Rüppell 1835    local name for this species in the fish markets of Goraza, Lake Tana, Ethiopia

Varicorhinus brauni Pellegrin 1935    in honor of Braun (forename not given), who collected type with explorer Guy Babault

Varicorhinus capoetoides Pellegrin 1938    oides, having the form of: V. (=Capoeta) capoeta, both of which possess strong, serrated dorsal fin spines

Varicorhinus clarkeae Banister 1984    in honor of Mrs. Margaret Clark (no other information available), who “gave so much assistance during the course” of Banister work on the genus

Varicorhinus dimidiatus Tweddle & Skelton 1998    halved or divided, referring to sharp contrast between dorsal (golden olive) and ventral (golden yellow) coloration

Varicorhinus ensifer Boulenger 1910    ensis, sword; fero-, to bear, probably referring to “very strong, bony, not serrated, straight” last simple ray of dorsal fin

Varicorhinus fimbriatus Holly 1926    fringed, allusion not evident

Varicorhinus iphthimostoma Banister & Poll 1973    iphthimos, stout; stoma, mouth, referring to very large mouth

Varicorhinus jaegeri Holly 1930    patronym not identified; one guess would be Gustav Jäger (1832-1917), a German-born naturalist who taught in Vienna

Varicorhinus jubae Banister 1984    of Juba River, Ethiopia, where it is endemic

Varicorhinus latirostris Boulenger 1910    latus, wide; rostris, snout, being “much broader than long”

Varicorhinus leleupanus Matthes 1959    anus, belonging to: entomologist Narcisse Leleup (1912-2001), Institut pour la Recherche Scientifique en Afrique Centrale, who collected type

Varicorhinus longidorsalis Pellegrin 1935    longus, long; dorsalis, back, referring to longer dorsal fin compared to V. tornieri

Varicorhinus lufupensis Banister & Bailey 1979    ensis, suffix denoting place: Lufupa River, Shaba, Democratic Republic of the Congo, where type was purchased from fishermen

Varicorhinus macrolepidotus Pellegrin 1928    macro-, long; lepidotus, scaled, referring to larger scales compared to V. semireticulatus

Varicorhinus mariae Holly 1926    matronym not identified nor can identity be inferred from available evidence; however, “Maria” must have been important to Holly (his wife?) because he gave two other fishes the same honorific: Barbus mariae (Cyprinidae) and Stomatepia mariae (Cichlidae)

Varicorhinus maroccanus (Günther 1902)    anus, belonging to: Morocco (also spelled Marocca), where it is endemic

Varicorhinus nelspruitensis Gilchrist & Thompson 1911   ensis, suffix denoting place: Nelspruit, Transvaal (now Gauteng), South Africa, type locality

Varicorhinus pellegrini Bertin & Estève 1948    in honor of Jacques Pellegrin (1873-1944), who described this species in 1932 as V. babaulti, considered preoccupied by Barbus (Capoeta) babaulti Pellegrin 1926 (=Barbus oxyrhynchus Pfeffer 1889)

Varicorhinus platystomus Pappenheim 1914    platys, wide; stomus, mouth, referring to “enormously wide” (translation) mouth

Varicorhinus pungweensis Jubb 1959    ensis, suffix denoting place: Pungwe River, Inyangea District, Zimbabwe, type locality

Varicorhinus robertsi Banister 1984    in honor of ichthyologist and collector Tyson R. Roberts (b. 1940)

Varicorhinus ruandae Pappenheim 1914    of Rwanda, where it is endemic

Varicorhinus ruwenzorii (Pellegrin 1909)    of Ruvenzori (now Rwenzori) Mountains, east-central Africa, where species inhabits fast, turbulent waters

Varicorhinus sandersi Boulenger 1912    in honor of M.C. Sanders, who assisted explorer William John Ansorge (1850-1913) in the Congo expedition that collected many fishes, including type of this one

Varicorhinus semireticulatus Pellegrin 1924    semi-, half; reticulatus, net-like, referring to scales on back being darker at the base, giving upper half a reticulated appearance

Varicorhinus steindachneri Boulenger 1910    in honor of Austrian ichthyologist Franz Steindachner (1834-1919), this species being “very closely allied” to one described by him as V. tornieri

Varicorhinus stenostoma Boulenger 1910    stenos, narrow; stoma, mouth, referring to narrow mouth, its width 2/7 length of head

Varicorhinus tornieri Steindachner 1906    in honor of zoologist and paleontologist Gustav Tornier (1858-1938)

Varicorhinus upembensis Banister & Bailey 1979    ensis, suffix denoting place: Upemba National Park, Democratic Republic of the Congo, type locality

Varicorhinus varicostoma Boulenger 1910    varicose, swollen; stoma, mouth, probably referring to thick upper lip covered with round papillae

Varicorhinus werneri Holly 1929    patronym not identified but probably in honor of Holly’s fellow Austrian and colleague, herpetologist Franz Werner (1867-1939)

Varicorhinus wittei Banister & Poll 1973    in honor of herpetologist Gaston François De Witte (1897-1980), who collected type

Varicorhinus xyrocheilus Tweddle & Skelton 1998    xyron, razor; cheilos, lip, referring to sharp scraping edge on lower lip

Vinagarra Nguyen & Bui 2010    Vina, short for Viêt Nam, where all species (except for V. findolabium) are endemic; Garra, referring to previous placement in that genus

Vinagarra elongata Nguyen & Bui 2010    elongate, referring to longer, more slender body compared to V. laichowensis

Vinagarra findolabium (Li, Zhou & Fu 2008)    findo, split; labium, lip, referring to posterior edge of oral sucking disc with a median fissure and divided it into two lamellae

Vinagarra laichowensis (Nguyen & Doan 1969)    –ensis, suffix denoting place: Lai Chau Province, Viêt Nam, type locality

Vinagarra tamduongensis Nguyen & Bui 2010     –ensis, suffix denoting place: Tam Duong district, Lai Chau Province, Viêt Nam, type locality

Xenobarbus Norman 1923    xenos, strange or foreign (i.e., different), closely allied to Barbus but differs in having a pair of barbels on lower jaw and a pair of barbels at angles of mouth

Xenobarbus loveridgei Norman 1923    in honor of herpetologist Arthur Loveridge (1891-1980), who collected type