Order CHIMAERIFORMES

COMMENTS
v. 7.0 – 14 Feb. 2017  view/download PDF

3 families • 6 genera • 52 species

Family CALLORHINCHIDAE Plownose Chimaeras

Callorhinchus Lacepède 1798    tautonymous with Chimaera callorhinchus (with unnecessary emendation of callorynchus); callum, with a hard skin; rhynchus, snout, referring to peculiar hoe-shaped proboscis

Callorhinchus callorynchus (Linnaeus 1758)    callum, with a hard skin; rhynchus, snout, referring to peculiar hoe-shaped proboscis

Callorhinchus capensis Duméril 1865    ensis, suffix denoting place: the cape, referring to Cape of Good Hope, type locality

Callorhynchus milii Bory de Saint-Vincent 1823    in honor of Lieut. Pierre Bernard Milius (1773-1829), who befriended Bory de Saint-Vincentduring Nicolas Baudin’s 1800 Naturalist expedition, which collected type


Family CHIMAERIDAE Shortnose Chimaeras
2 genera • 41 species

Chimaera Linnaeus 1758    named for the mythological creature composed of parts of multiple animals, referring to their odd mix of characteristics

Chimaera argiloba Last, White & Pogonoski 2008    argos, white; lobus, rounded projection, referring to distinct white posterior margin of first dorsal fin

Chimaera bahamaensis Kemper, Ebert, Didier & Compagno 2010    ensis, suffix denoting place: the Bahamas, referring to type locality east of Andros Island in the western North Atlantic

Chimaera carophila Kemper, Ebert, Naylor & Didier 2014    named for Carol and Phil Kemper (caro + phil), supporters of chimaeroid research (and the senior author’s parents)

Chimaera cubana Howell Rivero 1936    Cuban, known only from Matanzas Bay

Chimaera fulva Didier, Last & White 2008    brown, referring to brownish body coloration

Chimaera jordani Tanaka 1905    in honor of David Starr Jordan (1851-1931), for his extensive work on the fishes of Japan

Chimaera lignaria Didier 2002    of or belonging to wood, referring to Kevin J. Dadit, woodworker, carpenter and “supporter of research on chimaeroid fishes in his spare time” (Sharks: An Eponym Dictionary identifies Dagit [misspelled Dadit] as Didier’s son; he was, in fact, Didier’s husband at the time [Dominique Didier, pers. comm.])

Chimaera macrospina Didier, Last & White 2008    makros, long; spina, thorn or spine, referring to long dorsal spine that’s taller than dorsal fin

Chimaera monstrosa Linnaeus 1758    strange or grotesque, referring to its strange appearance, as if composed of parts of multiple animals

Chimaera notafricana Kemper, Ebert, Compagno & Didier 2010    notos, south, referring to known distribution off west and south coasts of southern Africa

Chimaera obscura Didier, Last & White 2008    dark, referring to dark brownish to black body coloration

Chimaera opalescens Luchetti, Iglésias & Sellos 2011    opalescent, referring to characteristic iridescent coloration of fresh specimens, resembling nacreous colors of the semi-precious stone opal

Chimaera orientalis Angulo, López, Bussing & Murase 2014    eastern, the first species of the genus described from the eastern Pacific Ocean   

Chimaera owstoni Tanaka 1905    in honor of Alan Owston (1853-1915), businessman, yachtsman, and collector of Asian wildlife, who supplied type

Chimaera panthera Didier 1998    referring to leopard-like pattern of spots and markings on body

Chimaera phantasma Jordan & Snyder 1900    phantom or apparition, probably referring to its striking appearance in life (silvery, with jet-black bands down the sides) and/or overall ghoulish appearance common to all chimaeras

Hydrolagus Gill 1862    hydro, water; lagos, hare, i.e., “water rabbit,” likely referring to their three pairs of tooth plates, which tend to protrude from the mouth like a rabbit’s incisors

Hydrolagus affinis  (de Brito Capello 1868)    related to, referring to its similarity to Chimaera monstrosa

Hydrolagus africanus (Gilchrist 1922)    anus, belonging to: Africa, known only from off the coasts of Natal and Kenya

Hydrolagus alberti Bigelow & Schroeder 1951    in honor of oceanographer Albert E. Parr (1901-1991), editor of the authors’ “Fishes of the Western North Atlantic” monographs, for his many contributions to ichthyology

Hydrolagus alphus Quaranta, Didier, Long & Ebert 2006    white spot on skin, referring to noticeable white spot on side

Hydrolagus barbouri (Garman 1908)    in honor of herpetologist Thomas Barbour (1884-1946), “through whose enthusiastic interest the opportunity of description was provided”

Hydrolagus bemisi Didier 2002    in honor of William E. Bemis, University of Massachusetts Amherst, “longtime mentor and friend, and a leader in ichthyological research”

Hydrolagus colliei (Lay & Bennett 1839)    in honor of Alexander Collie (1793-1835), surgeon-naturalist on voyage that collected type

Hydrolagus deani (Smith & Radcliffe 1912)    in honor of ichthyologist Bashford Dean (1867-1928), for his “able studies” of chimaeras

Hydrolagus eidolon (Jordan & Hubbs 1925)    a phantom double, referring to its similarity to H. purpurescens, with which it had been confused

Hydrolagus erithacus Walovich, Ebert & Kemper 2017    Erithacus, the avian genus of the robin, named after Robin Leslie, South African Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, a “fanatic birder,” for his help and support with the authors’ project and his overall contribution to Chondrichthyan research in southern Africa

Hydrolagus homonycteris Didier 2008    homo, man; nycteris, bat, referring to Thomas A. Griffiths, bat systematist known as “bat man,” who introduced Didier to chimaeroid fishes

Hydrolagus lemures (Whitley 1939)    ghost of the departed, presumably alluding to the vernacular “ghostshark,” so named for their large googly eyes, faintly luminescent body, tapering tails and overall ghoulish appearance

Hydrolagus lusitanicus Moura, Figueiredo, Bordalo-Machado, Almeida & Gordo 2005    referring to Lusitania, ancient name of Portugal, where species was initially identified

Hydrolagus macrophthalmus de Buen 1959    macro, long; ophthalmos, eye, referring to large oval eyes

Hydrolagus marmoratus Didier 2008    marbled, referring to marbled pattern of greyish brown reticulations on sides

Hydrolagus matallanasi Soto & Vooren 2004    in honor of Jesús Matallanas Garcia, University of Barcelona, for his “extensive work and tireless dedication to ichthyology”

Hydrolagus mccoskeri Barnett, Didier, Long & Ebert 2006    in honor of John E. McCosker (b. 1945), California Academy of Sciences, who collected and supplied type to authors

Hydrolagus melanophasma James, Ebert, Long & Didier 2009    melano-, black, referring to color in life; phasma, ghost or specter, alluding to the vernacular “ghostshark” (literally, a black ghost)

Hydrolagus mirabilis (Collett 1904)    wonderful or strange, possibly referring to its large eyes and/or typically strange chimaeroid appearance

Hydrolagus mitsukurii (Jordan & Snyder 1904)    in honor of zoologist Kakichi Mitsukuri (1857-1909), Imperial University of Tokyo, who provided the specimens that Bashford Dean used in a concurrent description (with same name) published a few months later

Hydrolagus novaezealandiae (Fowler 1911)    referring to New Zealand, off whose waters it occurs

Hydrolagus ogilbyi (Waite 1898)    in honor of ichthyologist James Douglas Ogilby (1853-1925), for his researches on Australian fishes

Hydrolagus pallidus Hardy & Stehmann 1990    referring to its pallid coloration

Hydrolagus purpurescens (Gilbert 1905)    purple-tinged, referring to its purplish or plum color

Hydrolagus trolli Didier & Séret 2002    in honor of artist Ray Troll (b. 1954), “one of the few true chimaeroid lovers of the world … for his valiant efforts to increase ratfish awareness worldwide”


Family RHINOCHIMAERIDAE Longnose Chimaeras or Ratfishes
3 genera • 8 species

Harriotta Goode & Bean 1895    a-, adjectival suffix: in honor of Thomas Harriott (ca. 1560-1621), English astronomer, mathematician, ethnographer and translator, who published first English work on American natural history (1588)

Harriotta haeckeli Karrer 1972    in honor of both the research vessel Ernst Haeckel, from which type was collected, and to the eminent zoologist (1834-1919) for whom the ship was named

Harriotta raleighana Goode & Bean 1895    in honor of Sir Walter Raleigh (ca. 1554-1618), English aristocrat, writer, poet, soldier, courtier, spy and explorer, who sent first English scientific explorer to the New World

Neoharriotta Bigelow & Schroeder 1950    neo, new, i.e., a new genus of Harriotta

Neoharriotta carri Bullis & Carpenter 1966    in honor of James K. Carr (1914-1980), former Under Secretary, U. S. Department of Interior, for “his great personal interest and counsel in the [Bureau of Commercial Fisheries’] exploratory fishing programs”

Neoharriotta pinnata (Schnakenbeck 1931)    pinnatus, winged, possibly referring to its broad pectoral fins

Neoharriotta pumila Didier & Stehmann 1996    dwarf, referring to small size at maturity, “making it an apparent dwarf among chimaeroids”

Rhinochimaera Garman 1901    a chimaera with rhinos, nose, referring to long, pointed proboscis

Rhinochimaera africana Compagno, Stehmann & Ebert 1990    named for both its known distribution around southern Africa and for the Sea Fisheries Research Institute research vessel Africana, which collected type

Rhinochimaera atlantica Holt & Byrne 1909    ica, belonging to: referring to distribution in the North Atlantic

Rhinochimaera pacifica (Mitsukuri 1895)    ica, belonging to the Pacific Ocean, described as a Pacific relative of Harriotta raleighana